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UA 261/93 - Guatemala: "disappearance" / fear for physical safety: Cirilo Machic Raguay

, Index number: AMR 34/053/1993

Cirilo Machic Raguay "disappeared" on 26 July 1993 while travelling on the road to Escuintla, Palin municipality. A member of the Executive Committee of the Road Workers Union (STRAC) and a member of the Union of Workers of Escuintla (UTE), he had reportedly been working on the setting up of neighbourhood associations in Palin, which had been critical of the local mayor. According to his wife, before his "disappearance", Cirilo Machic Raguay had been followed and intimidated by heavily armed men in a car with foreign number plates. It is reported that members of other non- governmental organizations in Escuintla have also been subjected to acts of intimidation.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 34/53/93
Distr: UA/SC
UA 261/93 "Disappearance"/Fear for Physical Safety 6 August 1993
GUATEMALA: Cirilo MACHIC RAGUAY, trade union leader
Amnesty International is concerned for the physical safety of Cirilo Machic
Raguay who "disappeared" on 26 July 1993 while travelling on the road to
Escuintla, municipality of Palín.
According to the information received by Amnesty International, Cirilo Machic
Raguay is a member of the Executive Committee of the Road Workers Union,
Sindicato de Trabajadores de Caminos (STRAC), of the municipality of Palín
and a member of the Union of Workers of Escuintla, Unión de Trabajadores de
Escuintla (UTE). It is reported that Cirilo Machic Raguay was actively working
on the setting up of neighbourhood associations in Palín and that these
associations have been critical of the local mayor. According to his wife,
before his "disappearance" Cirilo Machic Raguay had been followed and
intimidated by heavily armed men in a car with foreign number plates. It is
reported that members of other non-governmental organizations in Escuintla
have also been subjected to acts of intimidation.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
For many years Amnesty International has been concerned about human rights
violations directed against targeted groups, including trade unionists, student
leaders, journalists and those working with non-governmental organizations,
particularly those attempting to investigate and protect human rights. They
have been long-term targets of abuses in Guatemala, including harassment,
threats, torture, "disappearances" and extrajudicial executions. Such abuses
have sometimes been preceded by acts of intimidation and surveillance.
On 6 June 1993 Ramiro de León Carpio, previously Human Rights Procurator, was
voted President by Congress, following his near-unanimous election by Congress
to serve out the remaining term of President Jorge Serrano Elías. Ex-President
Serrano had been forced from office after trying to seize near-dictatorial
powers.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in Spanish, English or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the "disappearance" of Cirilo Machic Raguay, on 26
July 1993 in the road to Escuintla;
- urging the authorities to immediately and thoroughly investigate his
"disappearance" and that the results be made public;
- urging that if in detention, Cirilo Machic Raguay be humanely treated and
given access to relatives, a lawyer and if necessary a doctor;
- urging that if in detention, he be brought before a judge and either be released
or charged with a recognized criminal offence.
Page 2 of UA 261/93
APPEALS TO
1) President of the Republic:
S.E. Ramiro de León Carpio
Presidente de la República de Guatemala
Palacio Nacional, Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Telegrams: Presidente de León Carpio, Guatemala, Guatemala
Faxes: + 502 2 537472, + 502 2 519702
Telexes: 5331 CAPRES GU
Salutation: Excelentísimo Sr. Presidente / Dear President
2) Minister of Interior:
Lic. Arnoldo Ortiz Moscoso
Ministro de Gobernación
Ministerio de Gobernación
Despacho Ministerial, Of. No. 8
Palacio Nacional, Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Telegrams: Ministro de Gobernación, Guatemala, Guatemala
Faxes: + 502 2 518105
Telexes: 5085 MINGOB
Salutation: Sr. Ministro / Dear Minister
3) Minister of Defence:
Gral. Mario Enríquez Morales
Ministro de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa
Palacio Nacional, Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Telegrams: Ministro de Defensa, Guatemala, Guatemala
Faxes: + 502 2 537472
Telexes: 5361 COMGUA GU
Salutation: Sr. Ministro / Dear Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
1) Human Rights Procurator:
Lic. Jorge García Laguardia
Procurador de los Derechos Humanos
12 Avenida 12-72, Zona 1,
Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Faxes: + 502 2 81734
2) Archbishop's Human Rights Office:
Oficina de Derechos Humanos del
Arzobispado de Guatemala (ODHAG)
Apartado Postal 723
Guatemala, Guatemala
and to diplomatic representatives of Guatemala accredited to your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 17 September 1993.

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