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UA 116/94 - Guatemala: death threats / harassment: Gustavo Eduardo Lapola, Victor Hugo Gudiel and other members of the Association of University Students

, Index number: AMR 34/016/1994

AI is concerned for the safety of the above-named membersof the Asociacion de Estudiantes Universitarios (AEU), based at the University of San Carlos in Guatemala City, following recent incidents of harassment and threats. On 10 March 1994 Gustavo Eduardo lapola was reportedly attacked by unknown men. Various members of the AEU leadership have reportedly received anonymous telephoned threats and have been photographed.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 34/16/94
Distr: UA/SC
UA 116/94 Death threats/Harassment 23 March 1994
GUATEMALA Gustavo Eduardo LAPOLA
Víctor Hugo GUDIEL
and other members of the Asociación de Estudiantes
Universitarios (AEU), Association of University Students
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of members of the Asociación
de Estudiantes Universitarios (AEU), Association of University Students, based
at the University of San Carlos (USAC) in Guatemala City, following a recent
series of threats and harassment of members of the organization's leadership.
According to reports, on 10 March 1994 Gustavo Eduardo Lapola, who is a member
of the AEU's Executive Committee and coordinator of the Comisión Multisectorial
de Reforma Universitaria, Multisectorial Commission of University Reform, was
subjected to an attack by unknown men. The men, who were reportedly driving
a car with tinted windows, tried to intercept Gustavo Lapola's vehicle and
then followed him to his home and fired upon it. The manner of the operation
suggests possible involvement of the security forces or people acting with
their acquiescence.
On 13 March another AEU leader was intercepted by two men on a motorcycle whose
faces were covered. They reportedly told him to tell Gustavo Eduardo Lapola
that he had 24 hours in which to leave the country and to inform Víctor Hugo
Gudiel to stop meddling or else he would risk the same fate.
According to repots, various members of the AEU leadership have recently
received several anonymous telephoned death threats and have been photographed
by unknown people.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
USAC has been targetted on several occasions in the past and members of the
AEU in particular have been subjected to human rights violations. In May 1993
AEU member Mario José Colindres was killed in circumstances suggesting a
possible extrajudicial execution (see UA 171/93, AMR 34/29/93, 26 May 1993).
In January and October 1992 bombs exploded outside the offices of the AEU at
the University of San Carlos in Guatemala City (see UA 41/92, AMR 34/08/92,
5 February 1992 and UA 313/92, AMR 34/43/92, 8 October 1992). The October bombing
followed a series of death threats received by AEU members, including Víctor
Hugo Gudiel, and students, involved in a legal action against Hunapú, the
Guatemalan special security force unit. Hunapú were responsible for the killing
in April 1992 of teacher-training student Julio Cuc Quim (see UA 123/92, AMR
34/16/92, 15 April and follow-ups AMR 34/16/92, 28 April 1992, AMR 34/64/93,
16 September 1993).
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in Spanish, English or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the threats and harassment to which AEU members,
including Gustavo Eduardo Lapola and Víctor Hugo Gudiel, have recently been
subjected to;
2
- asking for an immediate investigation into these event and that those found
responsible be brought to justice;
- asking for guarantees for the safety of all members of the AEU.
APPEALS TO
1) President of the Republic:
S.E. Ramiro de León Carpio
Presidente de la República de Guatemala
Palacio Nacional, Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Telegrams: Presidente de León Carpio, Guatemala, Guatemala
Faxes: + 502 2 347 364
Telexes: 5331 CAPRES GU
Salutation: Excelentísimo Sr. Presidente/Dear President
2) Minister of Interior:
Lic. Danilo Parrinello Blanco
Ministro de Gobernación
Ministerio de Gobernación
Despacho Ministerial, Of. No. 8
Palacio Nacional, Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Telegrams: Ministro de Gobernación, Guatemala, Guatemala
Faxes: + 502 2 515 368
Telexes: 5085 MINGOB
Salutation: Sr. Ministro/Dear Minister
3) Minister of Defence:
Gral. Mario Enríquez Morales
Ministro de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa
Palacio Nacional, Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Telegrams: Ministro de Defensa, Guatemala, Guatemala
Fax: + 502 2 515 252 + 502 2 21906
Telexes: 5361 COMGUA GU
Salutation: Sr. Ministro/Dear Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Human Rights Procurator:
Lic. Jorge García Laguardia
Procurador de los Derechos Humanos
12 Avenida 12-72, Zona 1,
Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Faxes: + 502 2 81734
Head of the Presidential Commission Coordinating the Policies of the Executive
relating to Human Rights:
Lic. Jorge Gonzalo Cabrera Hurtarte
Presidente
COPREDEH
15 Avenida 18-38, Zona 13
Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Association of University Students
Asociación de Estudiantes Universitarios
3
"Oliverio Castañeda de León" (AEU)
Ciudad Universitaria
Zona 12
Guatemala, GUATEMALA
and to diplomatic representatives of Guatemala accredited to your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 4 May 1994.

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