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UA 94/93 - Guatemala: fear of extrajudicial execution: Efrain Bamaca Velasquez ("Comandante Everardo"), Anastacia Lopez Calvo ("Karina"), Martin Perez Cabrera, Antonio Lorenzo, Cesar Augusto Cabrera Hernandez, Anibal Cabrera Lopez, Carlos Lopez, Reginaldo

, Index number: AMR 34/013/1993

The above-named are allegedly being held in secret detention at a number of Guatemalan military installations, according to the testimonies of two combatatants of the armed opposition group the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca (UNRG), who escaped from unacknowledged detention. According to these testimonies, both they and other prisoners were subjected to torture and death threats to force them to collaborate with the military in identifiying and apprehending susected members or supporters of the armed opposition. Now that the testimonies have been made public, there are fears that the unacknowledged prisoners named in their statements may be extrajudicially executed.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 34/13/93
Distr: UA/SC
UA 94/93 Fear of extrajudicial execution 1 April 1993
GUATEMALA: Efraín Bámaca Velásquez ("Comandante Everardo"), Anastacia López Calvo
("Karina"), Martín Pérez Cabrera, Antonio Lorenzo, César Augusto Cabrera Hernández, Aníbal
Cabrera López, Carlos López, Reginaldo de Jesús Pérez Llama, ("Gara") Estrada and 29 others
identified only by pseudonyms
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of the above-mentioned people whom it
fears may be in danger of extrajudicial execution. They are at risk because two combatants
of the armed opposition group, the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca, (URNG),
Guatemala National Revolutionary Unity, have alleged that they are being held in secret
detention at a number of Guatemalan military installations.
The two combatants, Santiago Cabrera López and Jaime Adalberto Agustín Recinos, claim to
have recently escaped from unacknowledged detention by the Guatemalan military. Following
their alleged escape, they have made detailed allegations that while in secret detention
at a number of military installations throughout Guatemala, they saw or heard of other
unacknowledged prisoners, including both non-combatants and hor de combat combatants (that
is, combatants detained after being wounded or after they had already laid down their arms).
According to their testimonies, both they and the other unacknowledged prisoners were
subjected to torture and death threats to themselves and their families, to force them
to collaborate with the military in identifying and apprehending suspected members or
supporters of the armed opposition. Now that the testimonies of the two former combatants
have been made public, it is feared that the unacknowledged prisoners whom they named in
their statements may be in danger of extrajudicial execution.
In response to writs of habeas corpus presented recently to the Guatemalan courts by the
Comisión de Derechos Humanos de Guatemala (CDHG), Guatemalan Human Rights Commission, on
behalf of those named in the testimonies, the Guatemalan Minister of Defense, General José
Domingo García Samayoa, stated that three of those named, Anastacia López Calvo, Reginaldo
de Pérez Llama and Martín Pérez Cabrera were voluntarily cooperating with the military.
Particularly in the case of Anastacia López, the declarants state that apparent cooperation
with the military has only come about because of army pressure, including death threats,
maltreatment and torture.
President Jorge Serrano Elías came to power in January 1991. On a number of occasions both
during his administration and that of President Jorge Serrano Elías, and previously,
individuals accused of being members or supporters of the armed opposition initially reported
as "disappeared" were later presented to the media by the military to make "confessions"
of their own involvement in the armed opposition or to make denunciations about alleged
opposition activities or supporters. On some occasions, those giving testimonies had
allegedly turned themselves over to the military of their own free will. Others whose
abductions were reported were later released, on condition that they were to work with
the army or act as informants. Amnesty International learned of at least four such cases
in 1992; three eventually left the country. However, this has been the first occasion on
which Amnesty International has received testimonies from escapees which have contained
detailed information about others allegedly still in unacknowledged army custody.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters
either in Spanish, English or in your own language:
-asking that efforts be made immediately to determine whether any of those named in the
two men's testimonies are in official custody, and if so, that their detentions be
acknowledged, and steps taken to protect their physical integrity;
-asking that they be charged with a recognizably criminal offence or released;
-asking that inquiries by initiated immediately into the torture and maltreatment
allegations made in the two testimonies, and that any officials found responsible be brought
to justice.
Page 2 of UA 94/93
1) President of the Republic:
S.E. Jorge Serrano Elías
Presidente de la República
de Guatemala
Palacio Nacional, Guatemala,
Telephone: + 502 2 21212 / + 502 2
Faxes: + 502 2 537472 / + 502 2
Telexes: 5331 CAPRES GU
Salutation: Sr. Presidente / Dear
2) Minister of the Interior:
Lic. Francisco Perdomo
Ministro de Gobernación
Despacho Ministerial
Oficina No. 8, Primer Nivel
Palacio Nacional, Guatemala,
Telephone: + 502 2 21212, ext 500 / +
502 2 518105-6 (direct)
Faxes: + 502 2 518105
Telexes: 5085 MINGOB GU
Salutation: Señor Ministro / Dear
3) Minister of Defence:
Gral. José García Samayoa
Jefe del Estado Major de Defensa Nacional
Ministerio de Defensa
Palacio Nacional, Guatemala,
Telephone: + 502 2 21212, ext 2226
Telexes: 5361 COMGUA GU
Salutation: Señor Ministro / Dear
4)Commander of Chimaltenango Military Base
(also covers Sacatepéquez)
Cnel. Marco Antonio González
Comandante , Base Militar No. 3
Chimaltenango, Chimaltenango
Telephone: + 502 9 391018
Salutation: Señor Comandante/Dear
[This is one of the military installations
where Adalberto Augustín Recinos claims to
have been held. A number of the
unacknowledged prisoners whom the two
declarants claim to have seen in custody
were also allegedly held at this base.]
President of the Supreme Court:
Lic. Juan José Rodil Peralta
Presidente de la Corte
Suprema de Justicia
Centro Cívico, 21a Calle y 7a Avenida
Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Head of the Presidential Coordinating
Commission of the Policies of the
Executive relating to Human Rights
Sr. Bernardo Neumann
Comisión Presidencial Coordinadora
de la Política del Ejecutivo
en materia de Derechos Humanos
15 Avenida 18-38, Zona 13
Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Human Rights Procurator:
Lic. Ramiro de León Carpio
Procurador de Derechos Humanos
Avenida Simeón Cañas 10-61
Zona 2,
Guatemala, Guatemala
Diario Siglo XXI
7a Avenida 11-79
Edificio Galerias España, 6o piso
Zona 9, Guatemala, Guatemala
and to diplomatic representatives of Guatemala accredited to your country .
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section
office, if sending appeals after 13 May 1993.

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