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UA 167/93 - Ecuador: possible extrajudicial execution: Orestes Canola, Enrique Canola, Fredy Canola

, Index number: AMR 28/005/1993

In the light of recent reports of people who have died in the custody of men in circumstances which suggest their extrajudicial execution. On the night Ecuadorean security forces, there is concern at the deaths of the above-named men. According to reports, on the night of 12 April 1993, the three were detained at their homes by police, following a fight which broke out in Viche, Esmeraldas province, as a result of which a policeman was killed, and Orested Canola and his nephew Fredy were wounded. At Viche police station, they were apparently put on a vehicle to be transferred to the city of Esmeraldas. However, they never arrived at the police station there, and their bodies were found at the morgue in Esmeraldas, reportedly having been beaten and shot.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 28/05/93
Distr: UA/SC
UA 167/93 Possible Extrajudicial Execution 21 May 1993
ECUADOR: Orestes CAÑOLA
Enrique CAÑOLA
Fredy CAÑOLA
Amnesty International is concerned about reports of people who have died in
the custody of the Ecuadorean security forces. Many of the reported victims
are said to have been suspected of committing petty crimes or of having engaged
in personal fights with members of the police. There are only a few known cases
in which those responsible were brought to justice.
Most recently Amnesty International has learned of the reported death of Orestes
Cañola, Enrique Cañola and Fredy Cañola in circumstances suggesting their
extrajudicial execution.
According to reports, on the night of 12 April 1993, a fight broke out in Viche,
Esmeraldas province, as a result of which a policeman, Orestes Cañola and his
nephew Fredy were wounded. The policeman was taken away to receive medical
attention and the Cañolas went home. A few hours later the policeman died.
Shortly afterwards, Orestes, his brother Enrique and Fredy were reportedly
detained at their homes by members of the police who drove them to the police
station of Viche. According to reports, the detainees were later put on a vehicle
to be transferred to the city of Esmeraldas. However they never arrived at
the police station in Esmeraldas and their bodies, reportedly with signs of
bullet wounds and bruising, were found at the morgue in Esmeraldas.
Amnesty International urges the authorities to conduct full and independent
inquiries into the circumstances, manner and cause of death of the three victims,
to make public their findings and that those found responsible be brought to
justice.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
International standards approved by United Nations bodies, address the issue
of law enforcement and the use of force and firearms. These standards are
contained in the Code for Law Enforcement Officials, adopted by the General
Assembly of the United Nations (UN) in 1979 and the Basic Principles on the
Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials, adopted by consensus
at the Eighth UN Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of
Offenders in 1990. The UN has urged all members states to incorporate these
standards in their national legislation and rules of procedures.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes and airmail letters either
in Spanish, English or your own language:
- expressing concern at the possible extrajudicial execution by members of
the police of Orestes, Enrique and Fredy Cañola from Esmeraldas;
- urging that there be an immediate and independent investigation into the
causes of their deaths;
- urging that the results be made public and that those responsible be brought
to justice;
Page 2 of UA 167/93
- urging the authorities to establish strict guidelines for the use of lethal
force in accordance with international standards and to issue public
instructions to all members of the security forces that human rights violations,
including the killing of unarmed civilians, are criminal offences and that
those responsible should be brought to justice.
APPEALS TO:
1) President of Ecuador:
Sr. Sixto Durán Ballén
Presidente de la República del Ecuador
Palacio de Gobierno
García Moreno 1043
Quito
ECUADOR
Telegrams: Presidente Ballen, Quito, Ecuador
Telexes: 22375/22201 prerep ed
Salutation: Sr Presidente / Dear President
2) Minister of the Government and Police:
Sr. Minstro Roberto Dunn Barreiro
Ministro de Gobierno y Policía
Ministerio de Gobierno y Policía
Espejo y Benalcázar
Quito
ECUADOR
Telegrams: Ministro Gobierno Barreiro, Quito, Ecuador
Telexes: 22354 mingob ed
Salutation: Sr. Ministro / Dear Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Human Rights Organization:
Comisión Ecuménica de Derechos Humanos
Apartado 720 A
Quito
ECUADOR
and to diplomatic representatives of Ecuador accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 2 July 1993.

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