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UA 419/91 - Colombia: fear of "disappearance": Samuel Miranda Chaparro

, Index number: AMR 23/068/1991

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 23/68/91
Distr: UA/SC
UA 419/91 Fear of "Disappearance" 29 November 1991
COLOMBIA Samuel MIRANDA CHAPARRO
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of 35 year-old farmer Samuel
Miranda Chaparro, who has not been seen since 20 November 1991.
According to reports, Samuel Miranda left his home in the municipality of
Rionegro, Santander department at 6 am that day on a bus going to the provincial
capital Bucaramanga to look over a small farm in the nearby municipality of
Matanza. He was last seen at 9 am in the central square of Bucaramanga. Since
that time his family have been unable to ascertain his whereabouts.
Samuel Miranda, a father of six, is a political activist and member of the
Asociación Nacional de Usuarios Campesinos, National Peasants Association.
He was imprisoned for political reasons in September 1989 and conditionally
released January 1990. After his release he was forced to move to a different
part of the country as a result of threats to his life. In view of his political
activities and the threats against him, Amnesty International fears he may
have "disappeared" following arrest by members of the security forces.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
In recent years Amnesty International has received an increasing number of
reports of human rights abuses including "disappearances" and extrajudicial
executions. Principal targets have been people associated with legal left-wing
parties, civic and community movements and trades unions. The majority of abuses
have been attributed by Colombian authorities to civilian "death squads" which
it claims it is unable to control. However independent investigations, including
judicial inquiries, have concluded that many such groups operate under the
command or with the support of the Colombian armed forces.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters:
- expressing concern for the physical safety of Samuel Miranda Chaparro, who
has not been seen since 20 November 1991;
- urging that there be an immediate and thorough inquiry to establish his
whereabouts;
- urging that if in detention, his legal situation be clarified and he be
immediately released unless charged with a recognizable criminal offence and
that he be allowed access to a lawyer and relatives;
- urging that he be humanely treated whilst in detention.
Page 2 of UA 419/91
APPEALS TO
1) President of the Republic:
Señor Presidente César Gaviria Trujillo
Presidente de la República
Palacio de Nariño
Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia
Telegrams: Presidente Gaviria, Bogota,
Colombia
Telexes: 44281 PALP CO
Faxes: + 57 1 283 3066
+ 57 1 286 7324
+ 57 1 287 7937
[Salutation: Excelentísimo Sr. Presidente / Dear President Gaviria]
2) Procurator General:
Dr. Carlos Gustavo Arrieta Padilla
Procurador General de la Nación
Procuraduría General
Edificio Banco Ganadero
Carrera 5, No. 15-80
Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia
Telegrams: Procurador General Arrieta, Bogota, Colombia
Telexes: 41224 PRGEN CO or 41213 PGNDP CO
Faxes: + 57 1 284 0472
[Salutation: Sr. Procurador General de la Nación / Dear Dr. Arrieta]
3) Minister of Defence:
Dr. Rafael Pardo Rueda
Ministro de Defensa Nacional
Ministerio de Defensa Nacional
Avenida Eldorado - Carrera 52
Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia
Telegrams: Ministro Defensa, Bogota, Colombia
Telexes: 42411 INPRE CO; 44561 CFAC CO
Faxes: +57 1 222 1874
[Salutation: Sr. Ministro / Dear Minister]
COPIES TO:
Association of Relatives of the Disappeared:
Señores
ASFADDES
AA011446
Bogotá, Colombia
and to diplomatic representatives of Colombia in your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 10 January 1992.

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