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Sudan: Fear of torture: Hashim Mohamed Zeyada, medical doctor

, Index number: AFR 54/020/1995

AI is concerned for the safety of Hashim Mohamed Zeyada, a doctor working for and Italian-based humanitarian organization in southern Sudan. He was seized, along with a visiting Italian colleague, by Sudan Government troops on 29 May 1995. There whereabouts of the two men remain unknown. The Italian Government is reported to be in communication with the Sudanese authorities to effect the release of the detained Italian. As a Sudanese national captured by government forces in an SPLA-controlled area, Hashim Mohamed Zeyada is in a vulnerable position. Suspected supporters of the SPLA in military custody have frequently been subjected to torture.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 54/20/95
Distr: UA/SC
UA 127/95 Fear of torture 8 June 1995
SUDAN Hashim Mohamed Zeyada, medical doctor
Hashim Mohamed Zeyada, a medical doctor working for an Italian-based
humanitarian organization which provides relief aid in the southern Sudan,
was seized by Sudan Government troops on 29 May 1995. Amnesty International
believes Hashim Mohamed Zeyada is at grave risk of torture.
Hashim Mohamed Zeyada, who is in his late 50s, was arrested with a visiting
Italian colleague at Pariang, a small centre in northwestern Upper Nile under
the control of the armed opposition Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA).
He is the supervisor of a medical program in Pariang. His Italian colleague
is reported to be the director of the relief organization and to be normally
based in Italy.
The two men, whose whereabouts remain unknown, are said to have been captured
by troops from the nearby government garrison of Bentiu. The Italian Government
is reported to be in communication with the Sudanese authorities to effect
the release of the detained Italian.
As a Sudanese national captured by government forces in an area controlled
by the armed opposition SPLA, Hashim Mohamed Zeyada is in a vulnerable position.
There are reports that the Sudanese authorities may suspect him of having
information about SPLA activity. In the past, suspected supporters of the SPLA
in military custody have frequently been subjected to torture.
RECOMMENDED ACTION
This UA is directed at both the Sudanese and Italian authorities. Please follow
the recommendations below:
Please address the Sudanese Authorities by sending telegrams/telexes/faxes/
express and airmail letters either in English, Arabic or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the detention of Hashim Mohamed Zeyada, who Amnesty
International believes to be a prisoner of conscience, imprisoned on account
of his work as a doctor in territory controlled by armed opponents of the Sudan
Government;
- seeking assurances that he and his Italian colleague are physically safe
and asking for guarantees that they are not being subjected to torture or
ill-treatment;
- asking that their whereabouts be made public and for assurances that lawyers
and the Italian authorities have access to them;
- urging that they be immediately and unconditionally released.
APPEALS TO
1) His Excellency Lieutenant General
Omar Hassan al-Bashir
President of the Republic of the Sudan
People's Palace
PO Box 281, Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Lt Gen Omar Hassan al-Bashir, Khartoum, Sudan
2
Telexes: 22385 PEPLC SD or 22411 KAID SD
Salutation: Your Excellency
2) Dr al-Tayib Ibrahim Mohamed Kheir
Minister of the Interior
People's Palace
PO Box 281, Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Minister of the Interior Dr al-Tayib Ibrahim Mohamed Kheir,
Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22842 WZARA SD or 22604 IPOL SD
Salutation: Dear Minister
3) Mr Ali Osman Mohamed Taha
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
PO Box 873
Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Foreign Minister Ali Osman Mohamed Taha, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22459 KHRJA SD or 22461 KHRJA SD
Salutation: Dear Minister
and to diplomatic representatives of Sudan accredited to your country.
Please direct 10 appeals per section to the Italian Foreign Ministry either
in Italian, English or in your own language:
- calling on the Italian authorities to work for the release of Dr Hashim Mohamed
Zeyada, an employee of an Italian relief organization, together with that of
their own national.
APPEALS TO:
1) Mrs Susanna Agnelli
Minister of Foreign Affairs,
Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
Piazzala della Farnesina 1,
00194 Rome
Faxes: + 39 6 399 989
Telexes: 610611
Telegrams: Foreign Minister Susanna Agnelli, Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
Rome, Italy
Salutation: Dear Minister
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 20 July 1995.

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