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UA 32/92 - Sudan: "fear of disappearance" / extrajudicial execution: Mohamed Bakhit Daldum, Suleiman Fargallah Marfaieen, Ardeib Murfaieen, Gumma al-Theimir, Dafallah Tiya Jeilani, al-Haj al-Nur, Hakim Hamdeen, Haja Karshoum, Kalthum Daldum

, Index number: AFR 54/002/1992

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 54/02/92
Distr: UA/SC
27 January 1992
UA 32/92 Fear of "disappearance"/Extrajudicial Execution
SUDAN: Mohamed Bakhit Daldum
Suleiman Fargallah Murfaieen
Ardeib Murfaieen
Gumma al-Theimir
Dafallah Tiya Jeilani
al-Haj al-Nur
Hakim Hamdeen
Haja Karshoum
Kalthum Daldum
There are fears for the safety of Mohamed Bakhit Daldum and the eight other men named above
who are reported to be detained uncharged in Lagowa garrison in western Sudan by the Sudanese
army. They were among 35 men from the Nuba ethnic group arrested in November 1991 in the
small town of Lagowa in the Nuba Mountains of South Kordofan on suspicion of being linked
to the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA). There are reports that 19 of those
arrested were subsequently extrajudicially executed by soldiers in Lagowa garrison on 27
November 1991. Seven others were transferred to
the town of El-Obeid where they were brought to trial, apparently on charges of being linked
to the SPLA. The outcome of the trial is unknown.
The arrests in November 1991 are reported to have followed demonstrations protesting at
the extrajudicial execution by soldiers of two men, Mukhtar Musa and Hamza Fargallah.
Mukhtar Musa was reportedly shot dead while detained in Lagowa barracks. Hamza Fargallah
was reported to have been arrested in Lagowa, taken to el-Obeid prison but then transferred
back to Lagowa. On his way back to the town he was reportedly extrajudicially executed
by escorting military intelligence officials.
There have been several other recent reports of extrajudicial executions and
"disappearances" in the Nuba Mountains. Two teachers at Kadugli Senior Secondary School,
Ismat Hassan Khair al-Said from Miri and Yousif Galgadoun from Dilling, "disappeared" near
the start of 1991. Others who "disappeared" during 1991 include Hamdan Hassan Koury, a
lawyer from the al-Lagori area, together with his father Hassan Koury Bagari, Mohamed Nowar
Aso, a dental assistant, al-Sir Abdel Nabi Malik, an employee of the Soil Survey Department,
Kamal Kano Kafi, a radio technician, and Ibrahim Marmatoun, an employee of the Water
Department.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION:
The Nuba are a loose federation of ethnic groups occupying the remote mountain ranges of
the southern part of South Kordofan. They regard themselves as non-Arabs and as culturally
closer to southern Sudanese than to the Arab nomads whose stock graze the plains between
the mountain Nuba communities. The Christian church has many Nuba members, although many
others are Muslims.
The Nuba Mountains has been politically tense since the start of the current civil war
in 1983. In 1985, informal pro-government militias were formed among some Arab nomadic
communities which have grazing in the area, notably the Misseriya. These militias were
responsible for massive raids into southern Sudan in which thousands of civilians were
killed. Some Nuba have joined the SPLA, which became active in the area in mid-1987, and
many, particularly those who are Christian or with education, have since been suspected
by the authorities and pro-government militias of being sympathetic to the SPLA. In late
1989 the current military government created Popular Defence Forces (PDF) as a formal
pro-government militia recruited largely from the ranks of previously existing informal
groups.
Members of the armed forces and militias have frequently been responsible for extrajudicial
executions of Nuba, both following detentions and in attacks on villages in revenge for
incidents in which soldiers or militia members have lost their lives. In November 1987,
for example, eight civilians were extrajudicially executed by soldiers at al-Gohan east
of Kadugli. Sixteen others arrested with them had earlier
been released. In November 1989, militia forces were reportedly responsible for the
extrajudicial execution of 44 villagers in the Keiga Alkhel area northwest of Kadugli.
There are reports that in January 1990 six civilians were extrajudicially executed by the
armed forces in the Kallandi area in the northern Nuba mountains. Twelve others arrested
with them were detained, apparently without charge or trial. In April 1991 in the same
area, PDF members reportedly tortured and then extrajudicially executed Jibreel Salah and
Jibreel Sendica.
page 2 of UA 32/92
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/express and airmail letters:
- expressing concern about the safety in detention of Mohamed Bakhit Daldum, Hakim Hamdeen,
Ardeib Murfaieen and six other men, arrested in Lagowa in November 1991;
- urging that they be humanely treated, and that their families and lawyers be given access
to them;
- urging that they be released immediately and unconditionally unless they are to be charged
with a recognizably criminal offence and brought promptly to trial;
- urging that a prompt, impartial and independent investigation be established into the
reported extrajudicial execution of 19 men arrested with them.
APPEALS TO:
His Excellency Lieutenant General
Omar Hassan al-Bashir
Head of State and Chairman of the NSRCC
People's Palace
PO Box 281
Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Lt Gen Omar Hassan al-Bashir, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22385 PEPLC SD or 22411 KAID SD
Salutation: Your Excellency
Brigadier-General al-Zubeir Mohamed Saleh
Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of the Interior
and Deputy Chairman of the NSRCC
People's Palace
PO Box 281
Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Brig-Gen al-Zubeir Mohamed Saleh, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22842 WZARA SD or 22604 IPOL SD
Salutation: Dear Brigadier-General
Brigadier Ahmad Mahmoud Hassan
Minister of Justice and Attorney-General
Ministry of Justice
Khartoum
Telexes: 22459 KHRJA SD or 22461 KHRJA SD (via Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Salutation: Dear Brigadier
COPIES TO:
- Mr Jalal Ali Lufti,
Chief Justice, Law Courts,
Khartoum, Sudan.
- Mr Ali Sahloul,
Minister of Foreign Affairs,
Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
PO BOX 873, Khartoum, Sudan.
and to diplomatic representatives of Sudan in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section
office, if sending appeals after 16 March 1992.

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