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UA 09/92 - Sudan: legal concern / fear of torture: Nasr Hassan Bashir Nasr, Zaki Hassan Bashir Nasr

, Index number: AFR 54/001/1992

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 54/01/92
Distr: UA/SC
UA 09/92 Legal Concern/Fear of Torture 8 January 1992
SUDAN: Nasr Hassan Bashir Nasr - army officer
Zaki Hassan Bashir Nasr - businessman
Two brothers, Brigadier Nasr Hassan Bashir Nasr and Zaki Hassan Bashir Nasr, are reported
to have been arrested by members of a security force known as the "Security of the Revolution"
on 30 December 1991 at Nasr Hassan Bashir Nasr's home in Khartoum North. Nasr Hassan Bashir
Nasr was an official at the Sudanese Embassy in Saudi Arabia until he was recalled to Khartoum
and dismissed from the army in December 1991. Zaki Hassan Bashir Nasr is an agriculturalist
and businessman. It has been reported that Nasr Hassan Bashir Nasr is suspected by the
Sudanese authorities of passing information to government opponents, however there has
been no official announcement about why the two brothers were arrested and they have not
been charged or tried. Their whereabouts remain unknown but it is thought that they are
being detained outside Khartoum.
There is serious concern that Nasr Hassan Bashir Nasr and Zaki Hassan Bashir Nasr are at
risk of torture, which is routine in secret detention centres, known in Sudan as "ghost
houses", run by the "Security of the Revolution". Amnesty International has been able
to confirm the torture in detention centres of more than 100 people arrested since November
1989 by members of "the Security of the Revolution". One of their victims, Ali Fadul,
a medical doctor, is reported to have died as a result of torture on 22 April 1990 (see
UA AFR 54/22/90).
More recently, over 75 civilians and former and serving army officers arrested in late
August 1991 in connection with an alleged coup attempt were reportedly seriously tortured
while under detention in "ghost houses". An elderly prisoner was bound and suspended by
his wrists from the walls of his cell on three consecutive nights. A civilian prisoner
is reported to have had the flesh from his heels sliced off. There are reports of prisoners
being whipped, of others having their testicles crushed with pliers and of yet others being
burnt by hot irons.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION:
On 30 April 1991 the Sudan Government responded to international criticism of its human
rights record by announcing an amnesty for "all political prisoners". This led to the
release of 299 prisoners of conscience, many of whom had been detained without charge or
trial since shortly after the 30 June 1989 coup. However not all prisoners of conscience
and political prisoners were in fact freed. There have also been new arrests of government
opponents and a number of those released in the amnesty have since been re-arrested. At
least 40 prisoners of conscience remain in prison. Over 100 suspected government opponents
have been arrested since August 1991 alone. The majority have been held incommunicado
in "ghost houses", often for only brief periods, where they are reported to have been
tortured.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/express and airmail letters:
- expressing concern at the reported arrest of Nasr Hassan Bashir Nasr and Zaki Hassan
Bashir Nasr who Amnesty International believes may be prisoners of conscience;
- expressing concern at reports of their continuing incommunicado detention without charge
or trial and fear that they may be being tortured;
- seeking assurances that they are being humanely treated and that they have immediate
and regular access to their families, lawyers and any necessary medical attention;
- urging that they be immediately and unconditionally released unless they are to be charged
with a recognizably criminal offence and brought promptly to a fair trial.
page 2 of UA 09/92
APPEALS TO:
His Excellency Lieutenant General
Omar Hassan al-Bashir
Head of State and Chairman of the NSRCC
People's Palace
PO Box 281
Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Lt Gen Omar Hassan al-Bashir, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22385 PEPLC SD or 22411 KAID SD
Salutation: Your Excellency
Brigadier-General al-Zubeir Mohamed Saleh
Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of the Interior
and Deputy Chairman of the NSRCC
People's Palace
PO Box 281
Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Brig-Gen al-Zubeir Mohamed Saleh, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22842 WZARA SD or 22604 IPOL SD
Salutation: Dear Brigadier-General
Brigadier Ahmad Mahmoud Hassan
Minister of Justice and Attorney-General
Ministry of Justice
Khartoum
Telegrams: Brigadier Ahmad Mahmoud Hassan, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22459 KHRJA SD or 22461 KHRJA SD (via Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Salutation: Dear Brigadier
COPIES TO:
Mr Jalal Ali Lutfi,
Chief Justice, Law Courts,
Khartoum, Sudan.
Mr Ali Sahloul,
Minister of Foreign Affairs,
Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
PO BOX 873, Khartoum, Sudan.
and to diplomatic representatives of Sudan in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section
office, if sending appeals after 21 March 1992.

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