EXTERNAL AI Index: AFR 47/10/96
9 July 1996
Further information on UA 117/96 (AFR 47/06/96, 3 May 1996) - Fear for safety
/ Fear of ill-treatment
RWANDACélestin Kayibanda, prosecutor of Butare
Fidèle Makombe, prosecutor of Kibuye
Célestin Kayibanda: In June 1996, Célestin Kayibanda was reportedly
transferred to Nyanza prison, where he is still detained. On a visit to Rwanda
in May, Amnesty International delegates were refused permission by the head
of the gendarmerie brigade (station) in Butare to visit Célestin Kayibanda,
at that time still held at the brigade following his arrest on 2 May. However,
his conditions of detention were reported to be reasonably good. Amnesty
International has not received any reports that he is being ill-treated.
A statement issued by the Prosecutor-General on 3 May states that Célestin
Kayibanda was arrested on charges of genocide and murder. The specific
accusations are that he and others manned a roadblock in the Mukingi commune,
in the préfecture of Gitarama, and that he ordered the killing of several named
Despite claims by the authorities in Butare that Célestin Kayibanda's file
is now complete, it seems that to date, Célestin Kayibanda has not been formally
charged in relation to these accusations.
Shortly before his arrest, Célestin Kayibanda had reportedly denounced the
interference in the judiciary by administrative and military authorities.
Fidèle Makombe: Fidèle Makombe was suspended from his functions as prosecutor
in May, shortly after he was beaten by a soldier. His injuries have left him
deaf in one ear, for at least several months. His driver was also beaten.
The following day, an Inspecteur de police judiciaire (judicial police
inspector) who worked with Fidèle Makombe was also beaten by the same soldier.
Fidèle Makombe's suspension occurred a few days after he gave an interview
to a French radio journalist in which he discussed his assault. His suspension
may also be connected with the fact that on several occasions he had clashed
with various local officials who had expected him to carry out arrests on the
basis of unsubstantiated allegations. He had refused to obey these officials.
They apparently also objected to him ordering the release of suspects against
whom no formal accusations had been made.
In May, Amnesty International delegates met with a senior official at the
Ministry of Justice. He stated that Fidèle Makombe was suspended for
misconduct, following differences between himself and other local officials.
He also confirmed that Fidèle Makombe had been assaulted by a soldier who
was later arrested. He complained that Fidèle Makombe had spoken about the
assault on the air to a foreign radio station before formally reporting it
to the authorities in Rwanda.
These cases will be taken up by other Amnesty International networks. Thanks
to all who have sent appeals. You may send one more round of letters to the
authorities listed on the original action,
- asking for information on the progress of the case against Célestin Kayibanda;