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UA 271/93 - Equatorial Guinea: fear of "disappearance" / fear of ill- treatment: ten people including: Jose Abeso, Angel Federico Eyi Obamba, Lucas Oyono Nsue, and one other (feared "disappeared"); Enrique Nguema Bilogo, Vicente Nguema, Primo Ekogo Ondo,

, Index number: AFR 24/007/1993

Ten people, mostly members of opposition parties, were arrested in Malabo, Bioko Island on 9 and 10 August, and taken to the central police station in Malabo. On 10 August the wives of the first four men named above went to the station, but were told that their husbands had been sent to Bata, in the mainland province of Rio Muni, but were refused further information. Angel Federico Eyi Obamba, a member of the Social Democratic Convergence Party (PCSD), Lucas Oyono Nsue, a member of the Popular Union (UP) and Jose Abeso Nsue, a former army captain have all been briefly detained on previous occasions. Among the six still in detention are members of the Progress Party (PP). There is concern that they may be at risk of ill- treatment in detention

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 24/07/93
Distr: UA/SC
UA 271/93 Fear of "disappearance"/Fear of ill-treatment 12 August 1993
EQUATORIAL GUINEA: Ten people including:
Feared "disappeared":
José Abeso
Angel Federico Eyí Obamba
Lucas Oyono Nsué
and one other
In detention in Malabo:
Enrique Nguema Bilogo
Vicente Nguema
Primo Ekogo Ondo
Damián Abaga Mikó, 21
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of four men, José Abeso, Angel Federico
Eyí Obamba, Lucas Oyono Nsué and one other, who are feared to have "disappeared" in a recent
escalation of political oppression in Equatorial Guinea. The organization is further
concerned that six others who were also arrested on 9 or 10 August 1993 may be at risk
of ill-treatment in detention.
Ten people, mostly members of opposition parties, were arrested in Malabo, the capital
on Bioko Island, on 9 and 10 August. They were all taken to the central police station
in Malabo which is also the headquarters of the National Security Police. On 10 August
the wives of the first four men mentioned above visited the police station, possibly to
take food or blankets, and were told that their husbands had been sent to Bata, the capital
of the mainland province of Rio Muni. It is doubtful whether, in fact, the four men were
taken to Bata and therefore the prison authorities' refusal to disclose any further
information as to the prisoners' whereabouts gives cause for concern that they may have
"disappeared".
The first three named above have all been briefly detained on previous occasions on account
of their political opinions and activities. Angel Federico Eyí Obamba, a member of the
Partido de la Convergencia Social Demócrata (PCSD), Social Democratic Convergence Party,
was detained on several occasions in 1991 and 1992; Lucas Oyono Nsué, a member of the Unión
Popular (UP), Popular Union, and a former soldier, was detained in 1991; and José Abeso
Nsué, a former army captain, was held for several weeks in 1988.
Among the six still held in Malabo are Enrique Nguema Bilogo, Vicente Nguema and Primo
Ekogo Ondo, all members of the Partido del Progreso (PP), Progress Party. Enrique Nguema
Bilogo, a member of the PP youth branch, was arrested in possession of PP pamphlets on
9 August as he was about to board a boat for Bata. He was reportedly informed that he was
being arrested because, as a member of an opposition party, he could not travel on the
same boat as the Head of State, President Obiang Nguema. Enrique Nguema Bilogo was previously
detained in September 1992, when he was badly beaten. Damián Abaga Mikó was also arrested
on 9 August outside the Roman Catholic Cathedral in Malabo's main square: he was told that
as he had been sitting there for so long he must have been spying on the government buildings
in the square.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
In addition to the arrests described above, a Spaniard and a Frenchman, both Basques, were
arrested over the weekend of 7 and 8 August 1993. The authorities reportedly accused them,
in a radio broadcast, of being members of the Basque separatist movement, Euzkadi Ta
Askatasuna (ETA), sent by the Spanish government to commit acts of sabotage and terrorism
against the Equatorial Guinean government.
On 9 August, four government officials, including the Secretary of State for Security and
the Chief of Presidential Security (both brothers of President Obiang Nguema), summoned
opposition groups to a meeting and accused them of recruiting paramilitary groups from
abroad in preparation for an armed attack against the government. The
Page 2 of UA 271/93
opposition groups denied the allegations, asking for proof, which was not provided, and
appealed for the release of the 10 detainees. Since 9 August, many members of opposition
parties, fearing arrest, have gone into hiding. Since December 1991, when a multi-party
political system was introduced, members of opposition parties have faced continuous
harassment and repeated short-term arrests. Elections have been announced for 12 September
1993, but most of the opposition parties have announced that they will boycott them,
principally on the grounds that the electoral law is seriously flawed.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/airmail letters either in
Spanish, English or in your own language:
- expressing concern at reports that four men, including José Abeso, Angel Federico Eyí
Obamba and Lucas Oyono Nsué, who were arrested on 9 or 10 August 1993, may have "disappeared";
- mentioning that police told relatives that the detainees had been taken to Bata but refused
to provide further details;
- requesting information about the exact whereabouts, state of health and legal status
of these men;
- seeking guarantees that six others, including Enrique Nguema Bilogo, Vicente Nguema,
Primo Ekogo Ondo and Damián Abaga Mikó, who were also arrested on 9 or 10 August are being
humanely treated in custody and that they are allowed access to their families and lawyers;
- urging that they be released unless they are to be promptly charged with a recognizably
criminal offence and fairly tried.
APPEALS TO
1) President:
Coronel Obiang Nquema Mbasogo Salutation: Su Excelencia /
Presidente de la República Your Excellency
Ministro de Defensa Nacional
Gabinete del Presidente de la República,
Malabo, República de Guinea Ecuatorial
Telegrams: Presidente Obiang Nguema, Malabo, República de Guinea Ecuatorial
Telexes: 5405 GBNOM 5405 EG
Faxes: + 240 9 3313
2) Prime Minister:
Silvestre Siale Bileka Salutation: Excelentísimo Señor /
Primer Ministro Dear Prime Minister
Gabinete del Primer Ministro
Malabo, República de Guinea Ecuatorial
Telegrams: Primer Ministro Siale Bileka, Malabo, República de Guinea Ecuatorial
Telexes: 5405 GBNOM 5405 EG
3) Minister of Justice and Religion:
Mariano Nsué Nguema Salutation: Excelentísimo Señor /
Ministro de Justicia y Culto Dear Minister
Ministerio de Justicia y Culto
Malabo, República de Guinea Ecuatorial
Telegrams: Ministro de Justicia Nsué Nguema Malabo, República de Guinea Ecuatorial
Telexes: 5405 GBNOM 5405 EG
4) Foreign Minister:
Benjamín Mba Ekua Mikó Salutation: Excelentísimo Señor /
Ministro de Asuntos Exteriores & Francofonia Dear Minister
Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores
Malabo, República de Guinea Ecuatorial
Telegrams: Ministro de Asuntos Exteriores Mba Ekua, Malabo, República de Guinea
Ecuatorial
Telexes: 5405 GBNOM 5405 EG
Faxes: + 240 9 2320
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO: diplomatic representatives of Equatorial Guinea accredited to
your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section
office, if sending appeals after 23 September 1993.

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