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Further information on UA 391/93 (AFR 22/03/93, 4 November) - Congo: fear of extrajudicial execution: at least 95 political killings since December as fighting continues

, Index number: AFR 22/001/1994

AI is gravely concerned that the continuing fighting in Brazzaville has resulted in at least 95 political killings since December 1993. Many of those killed were reportedly extrajudicially executed by government forces and supporters of President Pascal Lissouba. Armed opponents of the government are also responsible for many killings. Those murdered include opposition supporter Clement Massengo and his wife and daughter, Colonel Jean-Pierre Mouanda and his wife and Laurent Bisset. President Lissouba has opened negotiations with the opposition in an attempt to end the violence.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 22/01/94
Distr: UA/SC
14 January 1994
Further information on UA 391/93 (AFR 22/03/93, 4 November 1993) - Fear of
extrajudicial execution
CONGO: At least 95 political killings since December as fighting continues
Amnesty International is gravely concerned that continuing fighting in the
Congolese capital, Brazzaville, between government security forces and armed
opposition supporters, has resulted in at least 95 political killings since
December 1993. At least 160 people, mostly civilians, are reported to have
been killed in on-going political violence since June 1993. The organization
is concerned that many of those killed were extrajudicially executed by
government forces and supporters of President Pascal Lissouba. Armed opponents
of the government are also responsible for many political killings. It fears
that the killings will continue unless the government and its opponents take
immediate measures to end the violence.
Much of the fighting has taken place in the opposition strongholds of Bacongo
and Makélékélé. Some civilians appear to have been targeted by the security
forces because of their support for opposition parties. For example, on 3
November, Clément Massengo, an opposition supporter, and his family, were
attacked in their home by members of the security forces who entered the house
firing indiscriminately. His wife, Emilie Massengo, and daughter Cheraldine
were extrajudicially executed. It seems the family was targeted because of
Clément Massengo's membership of the Mouvement congolais pour la démocratie
et le développement intégrat, MCDDI, the Congolese Movement for Democracy and
Integrated Development, the political party of opposition coalition leader,
Bernard Kolelas. Clément Massengo also worked for a clandestine opposition
radio station known as Radio-Alliance.
In early December, Colonel Jean-Pierre Mouanda and his wife were attacked and
killed in their home by opposition supporters. Colonel Mouanda was killed
as he tried to stop his wife being raped. The attack was one of a series of
retaliatory attacks between opposition and government supporters sparked off
by the kidnapping of an government supporter by opposition supporters. In
an earlier incident in November, Laurent Bisset, a journalist close to President
Lissouba's Mouvance présientielle, Presidential Movement, was kidnapped and
killed by opposition supporters.
Despite appeals for calm by President Lissouba and Bernard Kolelas, sporadic
fighting is continuing. President Lissouba has also opened negotiations with
the opposition in an attempt to end the violence.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes and airmail
letters in French or your own language:
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- expressing concern at reports of the continued apparent indiscriminate use
of lethal force, including heavy weapons, and extrajudicial executions carried
out by the security forces;
- urging the authorities to take immediate steps to prevent extrajudicial
executions and other human rights abuses and to curb persistent use of lethal
weapons by the security forces against unarmed civilians and to make them
accountable for their actions;
- condemning unlawful and deliberate killings and other abuses committed or
condoned by opposition groups;
- urging that leaders of political parties take immediate steps to stop and
prevent human rights violations, including arbitrary and unlawful killings,
being committed by their supporters;
- reminding the government that it has a duty not to order or condone unlawful
killings by its supporters or the security forces and to take all measures
necessary, including setting up an independent and impartial commission of
inquiry into the violence, to ensure that those found responsible, including
its opponents, are brought to justice. Their accountability is not diminished
by national security considerations or by the fact that opposition groups commit
similar acts
APPEALS TO:
1) The President
Son Excellence
Monsieur Pascal LISSOUBA
Président de la République
Présidence de la République
BP 2006, BRAZZAVILLE, République du Congo
Telegrams: President Lissouba, Brazzaville, Congo
Telexes: 5210 KG, 5287 KG, 5519 KG
Salutation: Monsieur le Président de la République / Dear President
2) Chief of Defence Staff
Général Marcel ETA-ONKA
Chef de l'Etat Major des forces armées
Etat major des forces armées
Ministère de la Défense
BRAZZAVILLE, République du Congo
Telegrams: Chef de l'Etat Major des forces armées Eta-Onka, Brazzaville, Congo
Salutation: Monsieur le Chef de l'Etat Major / Dear Chief of Defence Staff
3) Head of opposition coalition
Monsieur Bernard KOLELAS
Président du MCDDI
Assemblée Nationale
BRAZZAVILLE, République du Congo
Telegrams: Monsieur Kolelas, Assemblée Nationale, Brazzaville, Congo
Salutation: Monsieur/Dear Mr Kolelas
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
1) Prime Minister
Général Jacques Joachim YHOMBY-OPANGO
Premier Ministre et chef du gouvernement
Bureau du Premier Ministre
BP 2096, BRAZZAVILLE, République du Congo
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2) Minister of Justice
Monsieur André MATSIKA
Ministre d'Etat, président du Comité de la Législation, des
affaires juridiques et de la réforme administrative
Comité de la Législation
BRAZZAVILLE, République du Congo
3) Newspaper
Rédacteur en chef
La Semaine Africaine
BP 2080, BRAZZAVILLE, République du Congo
and to diplomatic representatives of CONGO accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 25 February 1994.

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