The authorities continued to repress the protest movement that began in October 2019 through repeated summonses of activists to security and military institutions on charges of criminal defamation, as well as the use of excessive force against largely peaceful protesters, including with live ammunition, tear gas and rubber bullets. State officials rejected calls for an international investigation into a devastating explosion at the Port of Beirut. Torture complaints remained without effective investigation. Due to the economic crisis and COVID-19, dozens of migrant domestic workers were fired and found themselves trapped without passports or pay; the Ministry of Labour adopted a revised, standard unified contract for migrant workers that included new protections for migrant domestic workers, including vital safeguards against forced labour, but a judicial review body suspended its implementation.
Death penalty status
Retains the death penalty in law
Analysis, opinion, personal stories and more.
Reports, briefings, urgent actions and UN submissions