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Further information on EXTRA 10/94 (MDE 28/03/94, 16 February) - Algeria: fear of refoulement: Zine El Abidine Attia, Idriss Nouioui, Kaddour Naghmouchi, Mahjoubi Soltan, Nassereddine Khelisi, Barhoumi Boumenjel, Bechir Aboud Abdeljaouad, and new name: Je

, رقم الوثيقة: MDE 28/004/1994

The eight Tunisian nationals named above, now including Jebari Boujemaa, face imminent refoulement and may already have been handed over to the authorities in Tunisia, where they face torture, ill-treatment and imprisonment after unfair trial. Jebari Boujemaa was arrested on 25 February near the border and is said to be presently held with the others. All eight are recognized aas refugees in need of protection by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Algiers. They are all either members or sympathizers of Al-Nahda, Renaissance. Despite repeated requests, UNHCR have still not been able to gain access to them, and so have not been able to confirm their whereabouts.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: MDE 28/04/94
Distr: UA/SC
2 March 1994
PLEASE DRAW TO THE ATTENTION OF THE REFUGEE COORDINATOR IN YOUR SECTION
Further information on EXTRA 10/94 (MDE 28/03/94, 16 February 1994) - Fear of Refoulement
ALGERIA: Zine El Abidine ATTIA
Idriss NOUIOUI
Kaddour NAGHMOUCHI
Mahjoubi SOLTAN
Nassereddine KHELISI
Barhoumi BOUMENJEL
Bechir Aboud ABDELJAOUAD
and new name Jebari BOUJEMAA (all Tunisian nationals)
The eight people named above, now including Jebari Boujemaa, face imminent
refoulement
and may already have
been handed over to the authorities in Tunisia, where they face torture, ill-treatment and imprisonment after unfair
trial.
All eight are recognized as refugees in need of protection by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for
Refugees (UNHCR) in Algiers. They are all either members or sympathizers of the unauthorized islamist movement
Al-Nahda
, Renaissance, whose supporters suffer systematic persecution, arrest and torture in Tunisia.
Unlike the other seven, who were all arrested around 9 February, Jebari Boujemaa was arrested on 25 February in
Tebessa, near the Algeria-Tunisia border and is said to be presently held in Algiers with the seven others; he had
previously been arrested by the Algerian police at the beginning of 1993 and left at the Tunisian border, from where
he managed to return to Algeria.
Amnesty International has received several conflicting reports about the whereabouts and legal status of the eight
Tunisians. The most recent, unconfirmed, reports lead the organization to fear that all eight may already have been
handed over to the Tunisian authorities. Despite repeated requests, UNHCR have still not been able to gain access
to them, and so have not been able to confirm their whereabouts.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
There are indications that several countries in the Middle East including Algeria and Tunisia are establishing mutual
security agreements and increasingly cooperating with each other in their bid to restrict the freedom of people they
consider to be members or sympathizers of islamist opposition groups. Some of these agreements apparently allow
for the exchange of security offenders. Amnesty International is concerned that in some cases this has lead to
expulsions of refugees in violation of the international principle of non-refoulement.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters in French,
Arabic, English or your own language:
- asking the Algerian authorities to inform you urgently of the whereabouts and legal status of the eight Tunisians;
- urging that on no account should Zine El Abidine ATTIA, Idriss NOUIOUI, Kaddour NAGHMOUCHI, Mahjoubi
SOLTAN, Nassereddine KHELISI, Barhoumi BOUMENJEL, Bechir Aboud ABDELJAOUAD, Jebari BOUJEMAA, who
are all recognized as refugees by the UNHCR office in Algiers, be forcibly returned to Tunisia, where they face
torture, ill-treatment and imprisonment after unfair trial;
- stressing that such a forcible return
(refoulement)
would be in violation of international standards, including the
United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT),
to which Algeria is a state party;
- urging the Algerian authorities to allow UNHCR, their lawyer and families immediate and full access to the
individuals concerned.
APPEALS TO:
Salutation for all: Excellence/Your Excellency
1) State President
M. Lamine ZEROUAL
Président de l'Etat, Présidence de la République
El Mouradia, Alger, Algérie
Faxes: +213 2 60 96 18
Telexes: 66044/66088
Telegrams: Président de l'Etat Zeroual, Alger, Algérie
2) Minister of the Interior
M. Salim SAADI
Ministre de l'Intérieur, Ministère de l'Intérieur
Alger, Algérie
Faxes: +213 2 61 88 02 or +213 2 64 57 93
Telexes: 66341
Telegrams: Ministre Saadi, Ministre de l'Intérieur, Alger, Algérie
3) Minister for Foreign Affairs
M. Mohamed Salah DEMBRI
Ministre des Affaires étrangères
Ministère des Affaires étrangères
6 rue 16n-Batran
El-Mouradia, Alger, Algérie
Faxes: +213 2 60 51 61
Telexes: 66241/66178/66243
Telegrams: Ministre Dembri, Ministre des Affaires étrangères, Alger, Algérie
PLEASE SEND COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO the following Tunisian minister: if the individuals in question have
already been handed-over, it might provide some form of protection for them if the Tunisian authorities are aware of
international concern about them.
Minister of the Interior
M. Abdallah Kallel
Ministre de l'Intérieur, Ministère de l'Intérieur
Avenue Habib Bourguiba, Tunis, Tunisie
Faxes: +216 1 340 888
and to diplomatic representatives of ALGERIA accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section office, if
sending appeals after 2 April 1994.

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