• الحملات

Further information on UA 368/93 (MDE 12/18/93, 15 October and follow-up MDE 12/26/93, 1 December) - Egypt: death penalty / legal concern: Yahya Mustafa Imam Shahrour, Ahmed Mohammad Hammouda, Hesham Taha Ahmed Salim

, رقم الوثيقة: MDE 12/027/1993

The three named named above were executed on 16 December 1993.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: MDE 12/27/93
Distr: UA/SC
16 December 1993
Further information on UA 368/93 (MDE 12/18/93, 15 October 1993) - and follow-up
(MDE 12/26/93, 1 December 1993) - Death Penalty/Legal Concern
EGYPT:Yahya Mustafa Imam SHAHROUR
Ahmed Mohammad HAMMOUDA
Hesham Taha Ahmed SALIM
The three men named above were executed today, 16 December. They had been
sentenced to death by the Supreme Military Court in Alexandria in two separate
political cases on 14 October 1993.
Yahya Mustafa Imam Shahrour was sentenced to death in the case known as Talai'
al-Fatah (Vanguards of the Conquest) - Group 3, in which 33 people were tried.
Charges against those convicted included reviving the banned Islamic group
known as Gihad (Holy Struggle) and attempting to overthrow the government.
Ahmed Mohammad Hammouda and Hesham Taha Ahmed Salim were among 19 defendants
accused in Military Case no. 20. Charges included planning the assassination
of government officials.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
During the last 18 months politically motivated acts of violence by armed
opposition groups have escalated sharply in Egypt. Islamic militant groups
have committed deliberate and arbitrary killings, which Amnesty International
has condemned. Victims have included a writer known for his secularist views,
tourists, Copts, government officials and police and prison officers.
The three people named above were sentenced to death by a military court, even
though all of them were civilians. (For further information see recent Amnesty
International report Military trials of civilians: a catalogue of human rights
violations, MDE 12/16/93, October 1993). Death sentences are subject to
ratification by the President of the Republic, and then review by the Military
Appeals' Bureau, also headed by the President of the Republic. Such procedures
fall far short of international standards for fair trial, as guaranteed by
Article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to
which Egypt is a state party, which guarantee that everyone who is convicted
shall have the right to their conviction and sentence being reviewed by a higher
tribunal. The United Nations' Economic and Social Council has urged that these
rights be respected in all cases involving the death penalty.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in Arabic, French, English or in your own language:
- expressing grave concern at these executions, which Amnesty International
2
considers to be summary and arbitrary executions;
- urging that civilians should not be tried by military courts and calling
for new trials in civilian courts which comply with international standards
to which Egypt is a state party (the International Covenant on Civil and
Political Rights);
- expressing concern at the sudden upsurge in the use of the death penalty
in Egypt (39 death sentences have been passed by military courts since December
1992 and 22 executions have now taken place), and explaining Amnesty
International's opposition to the death penalty as a violation of the right
to life and the most extreme form of cruel and inhuman punishment;
- drawing attention to world trends to abolish or reduce the use of the death
penalty, in accordance with Article 6 of the International Covenant on Civil
and Political Rights, to which Egypt is a state party.
APPEALS TO
His Excellency
Muhammad Hosni Mubarak
President of the Arab Republic of Egypt
'Abedine Palace
Cairo, Egypt
Telegrams: President Mubarak, Cairo, Egypt
Telexes: 93794 WAZRA UN
Faxes: 202 260 54 17
Salutation: Your Excellency
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
The Human Rights Department
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Corniche al-Nil
Cairo, Egypt
Faxes: 202 723173
Dr Fathi Sorour
Speaker, The People's Assembly
Magles al-Shaab Street
Cairo, Egypt
and to diplomatic representatives of Egypt accredited to your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY

اختر لغة لاستعراض التقرير