EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: MDE 12/27/93
16 December 1993
Further information on UA 368/93 (MDE 12/18/93, 15 October 1993) - and follow-up
(MDE 12/26/93, 1 December 1993) - Death Penalty/Legal Concern
EGYPT:Yahya Mustafa Imam SHAHROUR
Ahmed Mohammad HAMMOUDA
Hesham Taha Ahmed SALIM
The three men named above were executed today, 16 December. They had been
sentenced to death by the Supreme Military Court in Alexandria in two separate
political cases on 14 October 1993.
Yahya Mustafa Imam Shahrour was sentenced to death in the case known as Talai'
al-Fatah (Vanguards of the Conquest) - Group 3, in which 33 people were tried.
Charges against those convicted included reviving the banned Islamic group
known as Gihad (Holy Struggle) and attempting to overthrow the government.
Ahmed Mohammad Hammouda and Hesham Taha Ahmed Salim were among 19 defendants
accused in Military Case no. 20. Charges included planning the assassination
of government officials.
During the last 18 months politically motivated acts of violence by armed
opposition groups have escalated sharply in Egypt. Islamic militant groups
have committed deliberate and arbitrary killings, which Amnesty International
has condemned. Victims have included a writer known for his secularist views,
tourists, Copts, government officials and police and prison officers.
The three people named above were sentenced to death by a military court, even
though all of them were civilians. (For further information see recent Amnesty
International report Military trials of civilians: a catalogue of human rights
violations, MDE 12/16/93, October 1993). Death sentences are subject to
ratification by the President of the Republic, and then review by the Military
Appeals' Bureau, also headed by the President of the Republic. Such procedures
fall far short of international standards for fair trial, as guaranteed by
Article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to
which Egypt is a state party, which guarantee that everyone who is convicted
shall have the right to their conviction and sentence being reviewed by a higher
tribunal. The United Nations' Economic and Social Council has urged that these
rights be respected in all cases involving the death penalty.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in Arabic, French, English or in your own language:
- expressing grave concern at these executions, which Amnesty International