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Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: Further information on ill-treatment / possible refoulement

, رقم الوثيقة: EUR 70/028/1996

Xhafer Bardiqi; and new names: Florim Hoxha and Amir Drugzani. Amnesty International has received further reports that ethnic Albanians who have forcibly returned from Germany to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, or have returned voluntarily after their requests for asylum were refused, have been ill-treated by police.

EXTERNAL AI Index: EUR 70/28/96
This is a limited action. Please restrict appeals to 20
per Section. 1 October 1996
Further information on EXTRA 150/96 (EUR 70/21/96, 25 September 1996) -
Ill-treatment / Possible refoulement
FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIAXhafer Bardiqi
new names: Florim Hoxha, aged 24
Amir Brugzahi (possibly incorrect spelling)
Amnesty International has received further reports that ethnic Albanians who
have been forcibly returned from Germany to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
(FRY), or have returned voluntarily after their requests for asylum were
refused, have been ill-treated by police.
Amnesty International has no further information about Xhafer Bardiqi, who
was returned to Kosovo province from Frankfurt, Germany, on 16 September 1996
after being denied asylum there (see original EXTRA), but the organization
has learned of another possibly similar case. Florim Hoxha, from Belanica
village, was reportedly ill-treated by police in Kosovo province after being
forcibly returned to the FRY by the German authorities who had refused his
request for asylum. According to a report in the local Albanian press, Florim
Hoxha was arrested by the German police, without prior warning, at home on
14 September 1996 in Stuttgart and together with several other young ethnic
Albanians was deported to the FRY. At Priština airport they were reportedly
ill-treated by police who confiscated 400 DM from Florim Hoxha. He was ordered
to report to the police station in his birthplace, but due to a death in the
family, failed to do so. Two days later, police from Suva Reka came to his
home and took him to the police station for questioning. He was again detained
for questioning on 19 September and on this occasion was physically ill-treated.
He was questioned about the political activities of ethnic Albanians in Germany.
He has since been ordered to report to the police on two further occasions.
In another case, Amir Brugzahi from Slatina (Vitina commune) in Kosovo province,
whose request for asylum had been refused by the German authorities, reportedly
decided voluntarily to return to Kosovo on 15 September. He had allegedly been
told that the German authorities had received guarantees from the Serbian
authorities that he would not be ill-treated on return. According to his account,
he was held from 1.30pm to 9pm at Belgrade airport by police who beat him and
threatened him with "liquidation". He subsequently boarded a plane to Priština
where he was held by police at the airport till 5am the next day and interrogated
about alleged military training he had undergone. He stated that five other
ethnic Albanians who had travelled with him had been similarly ill-treated.
The ill-treatment of these men has heightened Amnesty International's concern
about a reported imminent agreement between the German and Yugoslav authorities
on the repatriation from Germany of 120,000 citizens of the Federal Republic
of Yugoslavia, the majority of the ethnic Albanians, to be carried out over
a period of two to three years.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express/airmail
letters in English, French, German, Russian or your own language:
- expressing concern about reports that Xhafer Bardiqi, Florim Hoxha and Amir
Brugzahi, ethnic Albanians whose requests for asylum had been refused by
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Germany, were physically ill-treated by police after being deported, or
returning voluntarily, from Germany. These incidents are reported to have taken
place between 14 and 23 September, at Belgrade and Priština airports, and at
local police stations in Kosovo province;
- urging a prompt and impartial investigation into these reports and that any
police officer found to be responsible be brought to justice;
- urging that appropriate steps be taken to ensure that these men do not suffer
further ill-treatment;
- noting the reported imminent return from Germany of many asylum-seekers,
urging the Yugoslav authorities to guarantee all those who return the full
enjoyment of their fundamental human rights in conformity with international
human rights treaties ratified by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, including
protection from torture, or any other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
or punishment.
APPEALS TO:
1) President of the Republic of Serbia
Mr Slobodan Miloševi_
Predsednik Republike Srbije
Andri_ev venac 1
11000 Beograd, Yugoslavia
Faxes: +381 11 682 167
Telegrams: President Milosevic, Beograd, Yugoslavia
Salutation: Dear President
2) Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Serbia
Mr Zoran Sokolovic
Ministar Unutrasnjih Poslova Republike Srbije
Kneza Milosa 101, 11000 Beograd, Yugoslavia
Faxes: +381 11 683 041 or 685 937
Telegrams: MUP Srbije, Beograd, Yugoslavia
Salutation: Dear Minister
3) Premier - President of the Serbian Government
Mr Mirko Marjanovi_
Predsednik Vlade Republike Srbije
Nemanjina 11, 11000 Beograd, Yugoslavia
Faxes: + 381 11 659 682
Telegrams: Predsednik Vlade Srbije, Beograd, Yugoslavia
Salutation: Dear President
COPIES TO:
Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs
Milan Milutinovi_
Ministar za inostrane poslove
Savezno ministarstvo za inostrane poslove
Kneza Miloša 24
11000 Beograd, Yugoslavia
Fax: + 381 11 682 668
Humanitarian Law Centre
Terazije 14
11000 Belgrade, Yugoslavia
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Committee for the Defence of Human Rights and Freedoms, Pristina
Xhavit Mitrovica 15, 38000 Pristina, Yugoslavia
and to diplomatic representatives of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia accredited
to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 1 November 1996.

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