EXTERNAL AI Index: EUR 70/28/96
This is a limited action. Please restrict appeals to 20
per Section. 1 October 1996
Further information on EXTRA 150/96 (EUR 70/21/96, 25 September 1996) -
Ill-treatment / Possible refoulement
FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIAXhafer Bardiqi
new names: Florim Hoxha, aged 24
Amir Brugzahi (possibly incorrect spelling)
Amnesty International has received further reports that ethnic Albanians who
have been forcibly returned from Germany to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
(FRY), or have returned voluntarily after their requests for asylum were
refused, have been ill-treated by police.
Amnesty International has no further information about Xhafer Bardiqi, who
was returned to Kosovo province from Frankfurt, Germany, on 16 September 1996
after being denied asylum there (see original EXTRA), but the organization
has learned of another possibly similar case. Florim Hoxha, from Belanica
village, was reportedly ill-treated by police in Kosovo province after being
forcibly returned to the FRY by the German authorities who had refused his
request for asylum. According to a report in the local Albanian press, Florim
Hoxha was arrested by the German police, without prior warning, at home on
14 September 1996 in Stuttgart and together with several other young ethnic
Albanians was deported to the FRY. At Priština airport they were reportedly
ill-treated by police who confiscated 400 DM from Florim Hoxha. He was ordered
to report to the police station in his birthplace, but due to a death in the
family, failed to do so. Two days later, police from Suva Reka came to his
home and took him to the police station for questioning. He was again detained
for questioning on 19 September and on this occasion was physically ill-treated.
He was questioned about the political activities of ethnic Albanians in Germany.
He has since been ordered to report to the police on two further occasions.
In another case, Amir Brugzahi from Slatina (Vitina commune) in Kosovo province,
whose request for asylum had been refused by the German authorities, reportedly
decided voluntarily to return to Kosovo on 15 September. He had allegedly been
told that the German authorities had received guarantees from the Serbian
authorities that he would not be ill-treated on return. According to his account,
he was held from 1.30pm to 9pm at Belgrade airport by police who beat him and
threatened him with "liquidation". He subsequently boarded a plane to Priština
where he was held by police at the airport till 5am the next day and interrogated
about alleged military training he had undergone. He stated that five other
ethnic Albanians who had travelled with him had been similarly ill-treated.
The ill-treatment of these men has heightened Amnesty International's concern
about a reported imminent agreement between the German and Yugoslav authorities
on the repatriation from Germany of 120,000 citizens of the Federal Republic
of Yugoslavia, the majority of the ethnic Albanians, to be carried out over
a period of two to three years.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express/airmail
letters in English, French, German, Russian or your own language:
- expressing concern about reports that Xhafer Bardiqi, Florim Hoxha and Amir
Brugzahi, ethnic Albanians whose requests for asylum had been refused by