EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 63/04/95
This is a limited action. Please restrict appeals to 15 per Section.
EXTRA 25/95 Unacknowledged detention 3 March 1995
BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA Bajram RED_EPAGI_, medical doctor, novelist
Bajram Red_epagi_, a kidney specialist working in the former military hospital
in Sarajevo, has not been seen since 27 February 1995, when he was reportedly
taken from his workplace. There are reports that he is being held in an army
barracks in the town, but his family have been unable to obtain official
confirmation of his detention.
On the same afternoon, Bosnian Army soldiers came to Bajram Red_epagi_'s
apartment and carried out a search, ostensibly for arms or documents. It has
been alleged that the soldier in charge of the search acknowledged that the
doctor was in detention and produced forged documents relating to Bajram
Red_epagi_’s military obligations. Uniformed soldiers and a civilian
reportedly carried out a further search of the apartment on 2 March.
On the evening of 2 March, Bajram Red_epagi_'s wife reportedly received a visit
from a former government minister and an army officer in which they accused
her husband of corruption and stated that he "had admitted everything" and
would be tried in a military court.
Before the break-up of the former Yugoslavia, Bajram Red_epagi_, a Muslim,
was employed as a doctor in the military hospital in Sarajevo. In late 1991
he was reportedly detained for several months for criticizing the role of the
Yugoslav National Army in the war in Croatia in a newspaper interview. He
is not believed to be a member of any opposition party, but he has expressed
criticism of the policies of the Bosnian authorities. His political opinions
may be the motive for his detention.
Large numbers of people have "disappeared" or been held in unacknowledged
detention since the outbreak of war in Bosnia-Herzegovina in spring 1992. In
most cases the "disappearances" or detentions occurred as forces from one side,
principally, but not exclusively Bosnian Serb forces, tried to consolidate
their control over an area. The victims were then almost exclusively of a
different nationality from the perpetrators. For example, Muslims were made
to "disappear" by Bosnian Serb forces in Prijedor and Serbs and Muslims were
victims of Bosnian Croat forces in Mostar. Although there have been reports
of various forms of pressure on opponents of the Bosnian Government, there
have been no documented cases of the "disappearance" of Muslims in Sarajevo
perpetrated by Bosnian Government forces.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send faxes (*) in English, French, German or your
- calling for an immediate investigation into the reported detention of Bajram
Red_epagi_ in Sarajevo on 27 February 1995;
- urging that his relatives be informed immediately of the results of the
investigation and, if it is confirmed that he is in detention, for the reasons
for his detention to be made public;
- seeking assurances that, if in detention, he is being treated humanely in
accordance with international standards and calling for him to be given