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Further information on UA 291/93 (EUR 60/15/93, 26 August; and follow-ups EUR 60/18/93, 14 September and EUR 60/20/93, 14 October) - Tadzhikistan: death penalty and new concern: fair trial: Adzhik Aliyev

, رقم الوثيقة: EUR 60/021/1993

Political prisoner Adzhik Aliyev was not executed on 18 October as had been feared. However he remains under threat of execution. There is further concern at allegations that he did not receive a fair trial. Reportedly the main evidence against him was a confession which his lawyers allege he made under duress. It is also reported that witnesses at the trial failed to place him at the scene of crimes for which he was eventually convicted. Furthermore for about four months of his pre-trial detention he was not represented by a lawyer.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 60/21/93
Distr: UA/SC
18 November 1993
Further information on UA 291/93 (EUR 60/15/93, 26 August 1993) - and follow-ups:
EUR 60/18/93, 14 September and EUR 60/20/93, 14 October - Death penalty and
new concern - Fair trial
TADZHIKISTAN:Adzhik ALIYEV, Islamic scholar
(in cyrillic _____ _____)
Amnesty International has learned that the execution of political prisoner
Adzhik Aliyev did not take place on 18 October 1993, as had been feared. He
is still alive, but remains under threat of execution.
Amnesty International is concerned by new allegations that Adzhik Aliyev did
not receive a fair trial. It has been reported that the main evidence against
him was a confession which his lawyers allege he made under duress following
his arrest in January 1993. It has also been reported that witnesses at the
trial in August failed to place Adzhik Aliyev at the scene of crimes for which
he was eventually convicted. Furthermore, Amnesty International remains
concerned that for about four months of his pre-trial detention Adzhik Aliyev
was not represented by a lawyer, and that this may have jeopardized the fairness
of the investigation of his case and consequently his trial.
It has been reported that the defence lawyers are currently waiting for an
official decision about whether a petition has been accepted for a review of
the case against Adzhik Aliyev.
Unofficial sources have also pointed to pressure placed on the judge by people
attending Adzhik Aliyev's trial, including relatives of people who died in
the civil war, allegedly at the hands of Islamic forces. Sources report that
during trial proceedings threats were shouted to burn down the Supreme Court
building unless a death sentence was passed on Adzhik Aliyev.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/faxes/express and airmail
letters in Russian, English or your own language:
- calling on the Chairman of the Supreme Court and the Procurator General to
order a judicial review of the case against Adzhik Aliyev, on the grounds that
he has been sentenced to death following what Amnesty International fears was
an unfair trial;
- calling on the Chairman of the Supreme Council (parliament) to commute the
death sentence passed on Adzhik Aliyev should a petition for clemency come
before him;
- calling for commutation of all pending death sentences in Tadzhikistan.
APPEALS TO:
1. The Chairman of the Supreme Court, Sh.D. Makhmudov
2
Respublika Tadzhikistan
g. Dushanbe
Verkhovny sud Respubliki Tadzhikistan
Predsedatelyu Khodizhayevu I.Kh.
Telegrams: Tadzhikistan, Dushanbe, Verkhovny Sud, Predsedatelyu Makhmudovu
Sh.D.
Salutation: Dear Chairman
2. The Procurator General, Mamadnazar Salikhov
Respublika Tadzhikistan
g. Dushanbe
prospekt Pravdy, 4
Prokuratura Respubliki Tadzhikistan
Generalnomu prokuroru Salikhovu M.
Telegrams: Tadzhikistan, Dushanbe, Prokuratura Respubliki, Glav. prokuroru
Salikhovu M.
Salutation: Dear Procurator General
3. The Chairman of the Supreme Council, Imamali Rakhmonov
Respublika Tadzhikistan
g. Dushanbe
Verkhovny Sovet Respubliki Tadzhikistan
Predsedatelyu Rakhmonovu I.
Telegrams: Tadzhikistan, Dushanbe, Verkhovny Sovet, Predsedatelyu Rakhmonovu
I.
Faxes: + 7 3772 22 69 71
Salutation: Dear Chairman
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Rashid Olimov
Respublika Tadzhikistan
734051 Dushanbe
MID Respubliki Tadzhikistan
Ministru Olimovu R.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 30 December 1993.

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