EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 60/21/93
18 November 1993
Further information on UA 291/93 (EUR 60/15/93, 26 August 1993) - and follow-ups:
EUR 60/18/93, 14 September and EUR 60/20/93, 14 October - Death penalty and
new concern - Fair trial
TADZHIKISTAN:Adzhik ALIYEV, Islamic scholar
(in cyrillic _____ _____)
Amnesty International has learned that the execution of political prisoner
Adzhik Aliyev did not take place on 18 October 1993, as had been feared. He
is still alive, but remains under threat of execution.
Amnesty International is concerned by new allegations that Adzhik Aliyev did
not receive a fair trial. It has been reported that the main evidence against
him was a confession which his lawyers allege he made under duress following
his arrest in January 1993. It has also been reported that witnesses at the
trial in August failed to place Adzhik Aliyev at the scene of crimes for which
he was eventually convicted. Furthermore, Amnesty International remains
concerned that for about four months of his pre-trial detention Adzhik Aliyev
was not represented by a lawyer, and that this may have jeopardized the fairness
of the investigation of his case and consequently his trial.
It has been reported that the defence lawyers are currently waiting for an
official decision about whether a petition has been accepted for a review of
the case against Adzhik Aliyev.
Unofficial sources have also pointed to pressure placed on the judge by people
attending Adzhik Aliyev's trial, including relatives of people who died in
the civil war, allegedly at the hands of Islamic forces. Sources report that
during trial proceedings threats were shouted to burn down the Supreme Court
building unless a death sentence was passed on Adzhik Aliyev.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/faxes/express and airmail
letters in Russian, English or your own language:
- calling on the Chairman of the Supreme Court and the Procurator General to
order a judicial review of the case against Adzhik Aliyev, on the grounds that
he has been sentenced to death following what Amnesty International fears was
an unfair trial;
- calling on the Chairman of the Supreme Council (parliament) to commute the
death sentence passed on Adzhik Aliyev should a petition for clemency come
- calling for commutation of all pending death sentences in Tadzhikistan.
1. The Chairman of the Supreme Court, Sh.D. Makhmudov