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UA 61/93 - Tadzhikistan: fear of torture: Mirbobo Mirrakhimov, Akhamadsho Kamilov, Khayriddin Kasymov, Khurshed Nazarov

, رقم الوثيقة: EUR 60/003/1993

The four men named above are being held at investigation-isolation prison no. 1 of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Dushanbe. AI fears that they are being tortured in detention. All were previously prominent in state broadcasting and fled Tadzhikistan after government forces entered Dushanbe on 10 December 1992. However, they were detained by police in neighbouring states and returned to Tadzhikistan. They are reportedly charged with "conspiracy to overthrow the government using the mass information media"; other charges reportedly include theft of videotapes allegedly containing evidence of torture by the security forces and slander of a former speaker of parliament. All have reportedly been severely beaten and denied access to lawyers and medical treatment.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 60/03/93
Distr: UA/SC
UA 61/93 Fear of torture 8 March 1993
TADZHIKISTAN: Mirbobo Mirrakhimov
Akhmadsho Kamilov
Khayriddin Kasymov
Khurshed Nazarov
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of Mirbobo Mirrakhimov,
Akhmadsho Kamilov, Khayriddin Kasymov and Khurshed Nazarov, who were arrested
in January 1993 and are being held at investigation-isolation prison (in Russian
Sledizolator or SIZO) number one of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Dushanbe,
the capital of Tadzhikistan. Amnesty International fears that they are being
tortured in detention.
Mirbobo Mirrakhimov is the former chairman of Tadzhikistan's state radio and
television company, Akhmadsho Kamilov is the former director of national
television, and Khayriddin Kasymov and Khurshed Nazarov are television
journalists. They fled Tadzhikistan after government forces entered Dushanbe
on 10 December 1992, but all were detained by local police in neighbouring
states (Mirbobo Mirrakhimov in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, and Akhmadsho Kamilov,
Khayriddin Kasymov and Khurshed Nazarov in Osh, Kyrgyzstan) and were handed
over to the Tadzhik authorities. They have all reportedly been charged with
"conspiracy to overthrow the government using the mass information media".
Akhmadsho Kamilov, Khayriddin Kasymov and Khurshed Nazarov have reportedly
also been charged with the theft of videotapes which allegedly contained
evidence of torture and killings by forces loyal to the new government of
Tadzhikistan, and which they were attempting to smuggle to the West via Russia.
Mirbobo Mirrakhimov has also been charged with slander of a former speaker
of parliament.
It is reported that all four men have been severely beaten during interrogation:
Khayriddin Kasymov has reportedly suffered a broken nose and jaw and had several
teeth knocked out. Furthermore, it has been alleged that for long periods
Akhmadsho Kamilov is not allowed by his interrogators to sleep or to sit.
All four men have reportedly been denied access to medical treatment and to
lawyers.
Akhmadsho Kamilov was the subject of UA 413/92 (EUR 60/02/92, 31 December 1992,
where his name is given as Akhmad Shakh Kamil) following reports that he was
among people who had been extrajudicially executed in Dushanbe. A follow-up
to that UA was issued February 10 1992 (EUR 57/02/93) after the government
announced that he was under arrest.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Armed conflict broke out in Dushanbe in May 1992 between supporters and opponents
of President Rakhmon Nabiyev, a former Communist Party leader. This forced
the President to include opposition Democratic Party and Islamic Renaissance
Party representatives in a coalition government. Nevertheless, fighting
spread to southern districts, and escalated after Nabiyev was forced by his
opponents to resign in September. In an attempt to stop the civil war the
government of acting President Akbarsho Iskandarov resigned in November and
a special session of parliament, still communist dominated, was convened in
the city of Khodzhent. This dismissed Iskandarov and installed Imamali
Rakhmonov as parliamentary speaker and head of state. Forces apparently
supporting the Islamic elements in the outgoing government refused to relinquish
control of Dushanbe, which was
Page 2 of UA 61/93
besieged by forces loyal to the new government created by the Khodzhent meeting.
After fierce fighting the city fell on 10 December.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/faxes/express and airmail letters
either in English, Russian or in your own language:
- expressing concern for the safety of Mirbobo Mirrahimov, Akhmadsho Kamilov,
Khayriddin Kasymov and Khurshed Nazarov who were arrested in January and are
being held in SIZO number one of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Dushanbe;
- urging that these four men are not subject to torture or any other form
of ill-treatment;
- appealing for them to be granted access to lawyers and to medical treatment;
- asking for further information about the charges against them.
APPEALS TO
1) Chairman of the Supreme Council, Imamali Rakhmonov
Respublika Tadzhikistan
g. Dushanbe
Verkhovny sovet Respubliki Tadzhikistan
Predsedatelyu Rakhmonovu I.
Telegrams:Tadzhikistan, Dushanbe, Predsedatelyu VS Rakhmonovu I.
Faxes:+ 3772 22 69 71
Salutation: Dear Chairman
2) Procurator General of Tadzhikistan, Mamadnazar Soliyev
Respublika Tadzhikistan
g. Dushanbe
Prokuratura Respubliki Tadzhikistan
Generalnomu prokuroru Soliyevu M.
Telegrams:Tadzhikistan, Dushanbe, Gen. Prokuroru Soliyevu M.
Salutation: Dear Procurator General
3) Minister of Internal Affairs, Yakub Salimov
Respublika Tadzhikistan
g. Dushanbe
MVD Respubliki Tadzhikistan
Ministru Salimovu Ya.
Telegrams: Tadzhikistan, Dushanbe, MVD, Ministru Salimovu Ya.
Salutation: Dear Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Prime Minister, Abdumalik Abdullodzhanov
Respublika Tadzhikistan
g. Dushanbe
Kabinet Ministrov
Premyer-ministru Abdullodzhanovu A.
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Rashid Olimov
Respublika Tadzhikistan
g. Dushanbe
MID Respubliki Tadzhikistan
Ministru Olimovu R.
and to diplomatic representatives of Tadzhikistan accredited to your country
(these are usually to be found at the Embassy of the Russian Federation, the
former Soviet embassy).
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 19 April 1993.

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