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Kazakstan/China: Further information on fear of torture / fear of execution

, رقم الوثيقة: EUR 57/004/1999

Amnesty International remains seriously concerned for the safety of Hemit Memet, Kasim Mahpir and Ilyas Zordun who were reportedly moved from a prison in Urumqi, the capital of Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (XUAR) in May 1999 to the Public security (police) detention centre in the city of Gulja (Yining) where they are detained incommunicado. They are at serious risk of being tortured in detention and may face the death penalty.

PUBLIC AI Index: EUR 57/04/99
9 June 1999
Further information on EXTRA 77/98 (EUR 57/12/98, 15 October 1998) and follow-up
(EUR 57/02/99, 15 February 1999) - Fear of Torture / Fear of Execution
CHINA/KAZAKSTANHemit Memet (previously written as Khamit Memet), 28
Kasim Mahpir
Ilyas Zordun
new names:Zulikar Memet
Saydakhmet Memet
Amnesty International remains seriously concerned for the safety of Hemit Memet,
Kasim Mahpir and Ilyas Zordun who were reportedly moved from a prison in Urumqi,
the capital of Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (XUAR) in May 1999 to the
Public security (police) detention centre in the city of Gulja (Yining) where
they are detained incommunicado. They are at serious risk of being tortured
in detention and may face the death penalty.
The organization has further concerns for Zulikar Memet and Saydakhmet, brothers
of Hemit Memet, who are also now reported to be in detention in the XUAR, accused
of “assisting separatists / terrorists”. Zulikar, the younger brother, was
detained in 1998 and Saydakhmet in February 1999. Both are at risk of being
tortured and may also face the death penalty.
Amnesty International has no information about any charges brought against
the men or of any judicial proceedings. Arrest warrants had reportedly been
issued for Hemit Memet, Kasim Mahpir and Ilyas Zordun in 1998 by the Gulja
Municipal Security Bureau alleging that the three men had been involved in
“separatist” political activities.
Hemit Memet, Kasim Mahpir and Ilyas Zordun were reportedly arrested by Kazakstan
authorities while attempting to cross the border between China and Kazakstan.
Information just received by Amnesty International from unofficial sources
confirms they were forcibly returned to China after seeking political asylum
in Kazakstan.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Since 1996 the Chinese authorities have carried out a harsh crackdown of
suspected Uighur “separatists” and “religious extremists” throughout XUAR
resulting in gross violations of human rights, including torture and executions
of political prisoners (see Amnesty International report “Gross Violations
of Human Rights in the XUAR”, ASA 17/18/99, 21 April 1999). This intensified
last year following anti-Chinese protests by Uighurs in Gulja (Yining), near
the border with Kazakstan. The “ethnic separatists”, as they are referred to
by the Chinese authorities, are seeking independence from China.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/faxes/express/airmail
letters in English or your own language:
- expressing serious concern for the welfare of Hemit Memet, Kasim Mahpir,
Ilyas Zordun, Zulikar Memet and Saydakhmet Memet and urging the authorities
to take every necessary measure to ensure that they are not tortured or otherwise
ill-treated in detention;
- urging the authorities to disclose the charges and accusations against the
men as well as their whereabouts;
2
- seeking assurances that they will not, in any circumstances, face the death
penalty;
- seeking information about any judicial proceedings brought against them and
assurances that any proceedings will meet international standards for fair
trial.
APPEALS TO:
President of the People’s Republic of China
JIANG Zemin Guojia Zhuxi
Beijingshi
People’s Republic of China
Telegrams:President, Beijing, China.
Salutation:Your Excellency
Director of the XUAR Department of Public Security
ZHANG Xiuming Tingzhang
Gong'anting
Huanghelu
Wulumuqishi 830000
Xinjiang Weiwuer Zizhiqu
People's Republic of China
Telegrams:Director of the XUAR Justice Department, Wulumuqishi, Xinjiang
Weiwuer Zizhiqu, China.
Salutation: Dear Director
Chairman of the XUAR People's Government
ABDULAHAT Abdurixit Zhuxi
Xinjiang Weiwuer Zizhiqu Renmin Zhengfu
2 Zhongshanlu
Wulumuqishi 830041
Xinjiang Weiwuer Zizhiqu
People's Republic of China
Telegrams:Chairman of Regional People's Government, Wulumuqishi, Xinjiang
Weiwuer Zizhiqu, China
Salutation: Dear Chairman
COPIES TO: diplomatic representatives of the People’s Republic of China
accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 7 July 1999.

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