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Belarus: Further information on fear of execution / death penalty

, رقم الوثيقة: EUR 49/008/1998

The Supreme Court of Belarus has stated that on 20 January 1998 it commuted the death sentence passed on F. Verega to 15 years' imprisonment. The Supreme Court did not uphold Igor Ganya's appeal, and therefore he remains under sentence of death.

PUBLIC AI Index: EUR 49/08/98
21 September 1998
Further information on UA 216/97 (EUR 49/07/97, 18 July 1997) and follow-up
(EUR 49/01/98, 16 January 1998) - Fear of imminent execution/Death penalty
BELARUSIgor Ganya, aged 34 (_____ ____)
F. Verega (first name not known, _. ______)
Two other people, names not known
Amnesty International has received a reply from the Supreme Court of Belarus
which states that on 20 January 1998 the Supreme Court upheld the appeal against
the death sentence passed on F. Verega and commuted the sentence to 15 years’
imprisonment. The Supreme Court did not uphold Igor Ganya’s appeal, and
therefore he remains under sentence of death.
Amnesty International is gravely concerned that Igor Ganya will face imminent
execution, unless President Alyaksandr Lukashenka grants him clemency.
According to reports, on 22 January 1998 President Lukashenka stated that he
had only pardoned one person facing the death penalty since he came to power
in 1994.
Igor Ganya and F. Verega, both citizens of Moldova, were sentenced to death
on 30 June 1997 by the Minsk Regional Court for premeditated, aggravated murder
under article 100 of the Belarussian Criminal Code.
Amnesty International has no further information regarding the two individuals,
whose names are not known and whose cases were taken up in EUR 49/01/98 (Further
information on UA 216/97, 18 July 1997).
Background information:
According to press reports, Belarus's deputy Procurator, General Alyaksandr
Ivanowski, stated on 11 August 1998 that 33 people had been executed in Belarus
since the beginning of this year (whose sentences were passed in previous years).
According to information broadcast on 11 April 1998 on Belarussian national
television, at least 55 prisoners were on death row in the country at the time
of the broadcast. At least 13 of these had received their sentences in 1998.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/faxes/express/airmail
letters in Russian, English or in your own language:
- urging the Clemency Commission and President Lukashenka to grant clemency
to Igor Ganya and to all other prisoners at present on death row in Belarus,
and to commute their sentences;
- calling for an independent investigation into allegations that both Igor
Ganya and F. Verega were forced to confess their guilt under physical duress,
for the findings to be made public and for any law enforcement officer found
guilty of ill-treatment to be brought to justice in accordance with the norms
of international law;
- expressing concern at the very high rate of executions in Belarus in 1998,
and urging the Belarussian authorities to declare an official moratorium on
executions in view of Belarus’s application for membership to the Council of
Europe, to demonstrate Belarus’s intent to move towards the abolition of the
death penalty, a commitment which is required of all states on admission to
the Council of Europe;
- calling for official and comprehensive statistics on the application of the
death penalty in Belarus to be made public;
2
- expressing deep sympathy with the victims of violent crime and their families,
but pointing out that the death penalty has never been shown to deter crime
more effectively than other punishments and is brutalizing to all involved
in its application.
A NOTE ON FAXES: If you have difficulty getting through, please keep trying - the
telephone system in Belarus is not very reliable. It can help to dial very
slowly. If you call out of office hours, the fax might be switched off. If
so, please try again when the office is likely to be open (Belarus is +3 hours
ahead of GMT). If a person rather than a fax machine answers, repeat "FAX"
until you are connected to the fax.
APPEALS TO: (Please mark all appeals "URGENT - SROCHNO")
The President of Belarus, Alyaksandr LUKASHENKA
Respublika Belarus
220016 g. Minsk
ul. Karla Marksa, 38, Administratsia Prezidenta Respubliki Belarus
Presidentu Lukashenka A.H
BELARUS
Telegrams: Presidentu Lukashenka, Minsk, Belarus
Faxes: + 375 172 22 38 72 or +375 172 26 06 10
Salutation: Dear President
The Head of the Department for Applications for Clemency and Citizenship at
the President's Administration, Vladimir Samusev
Respublika Belarus
220016 g. Minsk
ul. Karla Marksa, 38, Administratsia Prezidenta Respubliki Belarus
Otdel po voprosam pomilovaniya i grazhdanstva
Zaveduyushchemu otdelom
Samusevu V.
BELARUS
Telegrams: Samusevu, Administratsia Prezidenta, Minsk, Belarus
Faxes: + 375 172 22 38 72 or +375 172 26 06 10
Salutation: Dear Mr Samusev
COPIES TO:
The Chairman of the Supreme Court of Belarus, Valentin Sukalo
Respublika Belarus
220681 g. Minsk
Ul. Lenina, 28
Verkhovny Sud Respubliki Belarus
Predsedatelyu Sukalo V.
BELARUS
Faxes: +375 172 27 12 25
The Procurator General of Belarus, Aleh BOZHELKO
Respublika Belarus
220050 g. Minsk
Ul. Internatsionalnaya, 22
Prokuratura Respubliki Belarus
Generalnomu Prokuroru
BOZHELKU A.
BELARUS
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The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Belarus, Ivan ANTONOVICH
Respublika Belarus
220030 g. Minsk
Ul. Lenina, 19
Ministerstvo inostrannykh del
Respubliki Belarus
Ministru ANTONOVICH I.
BELARUS
Faxes: + 375 172 27 45 21
and to diplomatic representatives of Belarus accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY.
“Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.”
Article 3, Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Visit the Amnesty International UDHR campaign website on http://www.amnesty.excite.com

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