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UA 429/94 - Turkey: "disappearance" / fear for safety: Bayram Bal, Hamit Bal, cousins from Kurukoy village

, رقم الوثيقة: EUR 44/147/1994

The two men named above have "disappeared" after being released from detention on 15 November 1994. They had been detained on 2 November 1994 with four others and reportedly tortured by soldiers. They had then been detained until being brought before a prosecutor and judge on 15 November. They were officially released but immediatedly rearrested. They have not been seen since.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/147/94
Distr: UA/SC
UA 429/94 "Disappearance" / Fear for safety 6 December 1994
TURKEY Bayram Bal )
Hamit Bal ) cousins from Kuruköy village
There are serious fears for the safety of cousins Bayram and Hamit Bal who
have "disappeared" after being detained on 15 November 1994.
The two were first detained along with four others on 2 November during a military
operation in Kuruköy village (Kurdish: Harabê Baba), near Nusaybin in Mardin
province. All six villagers were taken out of the village and reportedly
tortured. Three were so badly injured that the soldiers did not take them
with them, but released them. They are said to still be suffering from their
injuries.
Bayram Bal, Hamit Bal and a third villager, Nazif Yahud, were taken by the
military to Mardin and after nearly two weeks in detention were brought before
the prosecutor and a judge on 15 November. Nazif Yahud was formally arrested,
but Bayram and Hamit Bal were officially released. However they were
immediately redetained as they left the building. They have not been seen since.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
According to villagers who have already left, some 4,000 to 5,000 soldiers
are currently in Kuruköy village (where about 100 to 150 families live -about
1,000 inhabitants). It appears to be the last village in the area not yet
forcibly evacuated. The village was given an ultimatum for evacuation by the
military authorities, which was initially 1 December, but which has been
extended to 8 December. The village is then due to be destroyed. About six
months ago, two houses in Kuruköy village, together with all the belongings,
were burned by the military while the owners were in hiding. One of them was
Bayram Bal.
The conflict in southeast Turkey between government forces and guerrillas of
the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK) has claimed more than 12,000 lives since it
began in August 1984. A state of emergency remains in force in 10 provinces
in the region. Police operations against suspected PKK supporters are being
carried out all over Turkey. Massive military operations in the southeast and
in Tunceli province have been intensified and in addition the security forces
are carrying out intense operations against villages. These operations have
resulted in countless allegations of torture, "disappearance" and extrajudicial
execution.
In February 1993 it was announced that the State of Emergency Coordination
Council decided that villages which might support the PKK or be open to PKK
attack should be evacuated. The Emergency Region Governor has powers to evacuate
residential areas using formal procedures which would include compensation
and provision of alternative places of settlement. However, the current program
of forced eviction is being conducted unofficially and in an arbitrary manner,
accompanied by threats, intimidation, ill-treatment and destruction of
livestock, food and property (see: Escalation in human rights abuses against
Kurdish villagers, EUR 44/64/93, July 1993). Some 2,000 villages and settlements
have been emptied, many of them burned or razed to the ground. Hundreds of
thousands of villagers have been forced to leave their homes and flee to the
cities where the areas of improvised temporary dwellings and tents are growing
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with the influx of refugees.
In May 1994, the Interior Minister for the first time officially acknowledged,
in reply to a parliamentary question, that a total of 871 villages and
settlements had "become empty" in the region under a State of Emergency, "due
to various reasons" and that "immigration from rural areas ..... has occurred".
Amnesty International is alarmed by reports of the continuing burning and brutal
evacuation of Kurdish villages in the course of military operations against
guerrillas of the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK).
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in English or in your own language:
- expressing grave concern for the safety of Bayram Bal and Hamit Bal, cousins
from Kuruköy village near Nusaybin who were redetained immediately after their
release from detention in Mardin on 15 November 1994 and have since
"disappeared";
- urging that immediate steps are taken to establish their whereabouts and
state of health;
- requesting to be informed of the results of the investigation.
APPEALS TO
1) Chief of the Turkish General Staff:
General _smail Hakk_ Karaday_
Bakanl_klar
Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: General Karadayi, Bakanliklar, Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: +90 312 418 1795
Salutation: Dear General Karaday_
2) Chief of Staff of the Gendarmerie:
Orgeneral Ayd_n _lter
Jandarma Kuvvetleri Komutanl___
Bakanl_klar
Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Jandarma Genel Komutani, Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: +90 312 418 0476
Salutation: Dear General _lter
3) Minister of the Interior:
Mr Nahit Mente_e
Içisleri Bakanl___
Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: +90 312 428 4346
Salutation: Dear Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
President of the Parliamentary Human Rights Commission:
Mr Sabri Yavuz
_nsan Haklar_ Ara_t_rma Komisyonu Ba_kan_
TBMM
Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: +90 312 420 5394
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and to diplomatic representatives of Turkey accredited to your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 12 January 1995.

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