• الحملات

UA 361/91 - Turkey: fear of torture: M. Islam Ozalp, Semsettin Aydin, Behiya Aydin, Masallah Aydin, Cudi Aydin, Zubeyir Bayar, Mehmet Kacar, Huseyin Ozer, Suleyman Aybek, Haci...kori Aybek, Omer Bestas, Sait Bestas, Halis Bestas, Aliye Akkan, Salih Sunger

, رقم الوثيقة: EUR 44/140/1991

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/140/91
Distr: UA/SC
UA 361/91 Fear of Torture 29 October 1991
TURKEY:
M. _slam Özalp, pupil, aged 12
_emsettin Ayd_n
Behiya Ayd_n (female)
Ma_allah Ayd_n
Cudi Ayd_n
Zübeyir Bayar
Mehmet Kaçar
Hüseyin Özer
Süleyman Aybek
Hac_..kori Aybek
Ömer Be_ta_
Sait Be_ta_
Halis Be_ta_
Aliye Akkan (female)
Salih Sünger
_ükrü _illi
Münevver _illi (female)
Mehmet Ay
Ayd_n Ekinci
During the past few days, scores of people were reportedly detained in Siirt,
including those named above. They are said to be accused of sheltering guerrillas
of the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK).
An increasing number of clashes between the security forces and PKK
guerrillas is reported from the southeastern provinces which are under a State
of Emergency. According to press reports, another clash occurred in Siirt
province on Sunday, 27 October, which left three soldiers and three guerrillas
dead.
The detainees are held incommunicado. The place of detention is not known,
but is believed to be either Siirt Police Headquarters or Siirt Gendarmerie
Headquarters. It is feared that they are being subjected to torture during
interrogation.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Turkey has a Kurdish ethnic minority which is estimated to number some 10 million
people. Any activity for a separate Kurdish political or cultural identity
is punishable under Turkish law. The Kurdish population lives mainly in
southeastern Turkey. Frequent allegations of torture and ill-treatment have
been received from the region and the number of torture allegations increased
substantially after the 1980 military coup. Since August 1984, when Kurdish
guerrillas - members of the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK) - started armed attacks,
an alarming number of reports of ill-treatment of detainees by the security
forces have come from the eastern and southeastern provinces. More than 3000
lives have so far been lost on both sides and among the civilian population
in the continuing fighting. Emergency legislation is in force in ten provinces
in the region and the Emergency Legislation Governor in Diyarbakir has
extraordinary powers over three additional provinces. In May 1990 the Turkish
government issued Decrees 424 and 425 (in December replaced by Decree 430),
further extending the powers of the Emergency Legislation Governor.
Turkey ratified the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture
on 25 February 1988 and the UN Convention Against Torture on 2 August 1988.
However, all information available to Amnesty International indicates that
torture is still widespread and systematic in Turkey. Allegations of torture
have continued since the transfer of power to a civilian government in 1983.
Most allegations relate to ill-treatment of detainees in police custody during
their initial interrogation when they are usually denied
page 2 of UA 361/91
access to relatives or a lawyer. In August 1990, the government derogated from
Articles 5, 6, 8, 10, 11 and 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights,
all of which contain important safeguards for human rights.
Under current legislation the maximum detention period before being formally
charged or released is 24 hours; in cases involving three or more suspects
or due to the 'nature of the crime' it may be extended to 15 days. This period
may be extended to 30 days in areas under emergency legislation or martial
law. Emergency legislation is currently in force in Siirt province.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters:
- urging that the detainees named above, in particular the 12-year-old M.
_slam Özalp, are given prompt access to relatives and lawyers and that they
are not ill-treated while held in custody;
- requesting to be informed whether they were charged and what the charges
are.
APPEALS TO
Mr Celalettin Cerrah Dear Sir
Siirt Emniyet Müdürü
Siirt, Turkey (Chief of Siirt Police)
Telegrams: Siirt Emniyet Muduru, Siirt, Turkey
Siirt Jandarma Tugay Komutanl___ Dear Sirs
Siirt,
Turkey (Siirt Gendarmerie HQ)
Telegrams: Jandarma Komutanligi, Siirt, Turkey
Telexes: 72216 JSIR TR
Attila Koç Dear Sir
Siirt Valisi
Siirt, Turkey (Siirt Governor)
Telegrams: Siirt Valisi, Siirt, Turkey
Faxes: + 90 8441 2769
Prime Minister Mesut Y_lmaz Dear Prime Minister
Office of the Prime Minister
Ba_bakanl_k
06573 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Prime Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telexes: 44061/44062/44063 bbmt tr
42099 basb tr
42875 bbk tr
Faxes: + 90 41 17 04 76 PRIME MINISTER
+ 90 42 30 88 96 (attn: Prime Minister)
Mr Sabahattin Çakmako_lu Dear Minister
_çi_leri Bakanl___
06644 Ankara, Turkey (Minister of the Interior)
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: + 90 4 118 1795
+ 90 4 125 6520 (Ministry of Interior)
COPIES TO: Diplomatic representatives of Turkey in your country.
Mr Eyüp A__k
_nsan Haklar_ Ara_t_rma Komisyonu Ba_kan_
TBMM
Ankara, Turkey (President of Parliamentary Human Rights Commission)
Faxes: + 90 4 11 91 664 or + 90 4 42 06 941
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 10 December 1991.

استعرض التقرير بـ English