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UA 134/91 - Turkey: fear of torture: Emin Aras, Haci Isik, Mecit Deyik

, رقم الوثيقة: EUR 44/044/1991

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/44/91
Distr: UA/SC
UA 134/91 Fear of Torture 23 April 1991
TURKEY: Emin Aras
Haci I_ik
Mecit Deyik
On or around 19 April 1991, the village of Do_anca near Pervari in southeast
Turkey was attacked by guerrillas of the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK). On 20
April 1991, Emin Aras, Haci I_ik and Mecit Deyik of the nearby village of Erkent
were detained by security forces. They are now thought to be held in Eruh
gendarmerie headquarters. It is believed that they may be subjected to torture.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION (Notes to translators - please refer to UA 103/91)
Turkey has a Kurdish ethnic minority which is not officially recognized by
the authorities, but is estimated to number some 10 million people. The Kurdish
population lives mainly in southeastern Turkey. Frequent allegations of torture
and ill-treatment have been received from the region and the number of torture
allegations increased substantially after the 1980 military coup. Since August
1984, when Kurdish guerrillas - members of the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK)
- started armed attacks, an alarming number of reports of ill-treatment of
detainees by the security forces have come from the eastern and southeastern
provinces, where more than 2,000 lives so far have been lost in the continuing
fighting.
In May 1990 the Turkish government issued Decrees 424 and 425 (in December
replaced by Decree 430), further extending the already extraordinary powers
of the Emergency Legislation Governor. Subsequently, in August 1990, the
government derogated from Articles 5, 6, 8, 10, 11 and 13 of the European
Convention on Human Rights, all of which contain important safeguards for human
rights.
Turkey ratified the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture
on 25 February 1988 and the UN Convention Against Torture on 2 August 1988.
However, all information available to Amnesty International indicates that
torture is still widespread and systematic in Turkey. Most allegations relate
to ill-treatment of detainees in police custody during their initial
interrogation when they are usually denied access to relatives or a lawyer.
Under current legislation the maximum detention period before being formally
charged or released is 24 hours; in cases involving three or more suspects
or due to the 'nature of the crime' it may be extended to 15 days. This period
may be extended to 30 days in areas under emergency legislation or martial
law. Emergency legislation is currently in force in ten provinces, including
Siirt.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters:
- urging that Emin Aras, Haci I_ik and Mecit Deyik are given prompt access
to their families and lawyers and that they are not ill-treated while in
detention;
- requesting to be informed of any charges against them.
2
APPEALS TO:
Prime Minister Yildirim Akbulut
Office of the Prime Minister
Ba_bakanlik
06573 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Prime Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Telex: 44061/44062/44063 bbmt tr
Faxes: +90 41 17 04 76 PRIME MINISTER
Minister of the Interior:
Mr Abdülkadir Aksu
_çi_leri Bakanli_i
06644 Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Interior Minister Aksu, Ankara, Turkey
Telex: 46369 ICSL TR
Faxes: +90 41 28 43 46
COPIES TO: Diplomatic representatives of Turkey in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 4 June 1991.

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