EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 44/07/95
10 January 1995
Further information on UA 429/94 (EUR 44/147/94, 6 December 1994) -
"Disappearance" / Fear for safety
TURKEYBayram Bal, aged 35
Hamit Bal, aged 45, his uncle, both from Koruköy village
Amnesty International has just learned that Bayram Bal and Hamit Bal were found
dead near Yandere village in the Nusaybin district of Mardin province on 20
December 1994. Reports indicate that the two Kurdish villagers had been
tortured and then killed by gunshots to their heads.
They had been detained after a raid on their village on 2 November and were
taken to Mardin for interrogation together with a third villager. This man
was arrested and sent to prison by the Mardin Public Prosecutor's Office on
15 November while Bayram and Hamit Bal were released. However, according to
a report in Özgür Ülke newspaper of 24 December, Bayram and Hamit Bal were
taken away from the court house immediately after their release by unidentified
men who carried a walkie-talkie and identified themselves as police officers
to a relative who had followed them outside the building. One of them told
the relative: "I am a police officer. Go back. You have no business with us."
The two villagers were then taken away in a white Renault car.
During 1994, more than 400 people became the victims of political killings
by unidentified assailants, mostly in the streets of cities in southeast Turkey.
On 14 December, the body of Kurdish lawyer Faik Candan was found some 15
kilometres from a military base south of Ankara with four bullet wounds to
his head, neck and chest. He had "disappeared" in Ankara on 2 December (see
EXTRA 75/94, EUR 44/151/94, 9 December 1994, and update 15 December, EUR
44/152/94). In most of these cases the perpetrators have not been identified
and relatives believe that agents of the state are responsible for the killings.
In February 1993, a cross-party parliamentary commission was established to
investigate these "murders by unknown persons", but almost two years later,
when the total death toll has risen to over 1,200, the commission has still
not submitted a final report nor proposed any concrete measures to put a halt
to the murders.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and
- expressing deep concern at the murder of the two Kurdish villagers Bayram
Bal and Hamit Bal, whose bodies were found near Yandere village, Nusaybin
district, on 20 December 1994, reportedly tortured and killed by bullets to
- asking what measures the authorities took in response to Amnesty
International's appeals on this case in early December, when these men were
- urging that a commission of investigation be set up in accordance with the
United Nations Principles on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of
Extra-Legal, Arbitrary and Summary Executions, to investigate the torture and
killing of Bayram and Hamit Bal from Koruköy, and that those responsible be
brought to justice;
- asking to be informed of the results of the autopsy and of the investigation.