• الحملات

Turkey: "Disappearance": Selahattin Gumurcu

, رقم الوثيقة: EUR 44/004/1997

There is grave concern for the safety of Selahattin Gumurcu, a 55-year-old cotton trader, who is believed to have been detained on 25 November 1996 and has not been seen since. His "disappearance" followed an incident in the village of Kurucayir in May 1996 when two village guards were killed. According to the villagers, the village guards held Selahattin Gumurcu responsible for what happened.

EXTERNAL AI Index: EUR 44/04/97
UA 15/97 “Disappearance” 15 January 1997
TURKEYSelahattin Gümürcü, cotton trader, aged 55
Amnesty International is gravely concerned for the safety of Selahattin Gümürcü
who has not been seen since 25 November 1996 and is believed to have been detained
on that date in Diyarbak_r.
Selahattin Gümürcü, married with eight children, left his home in the Dall_
district of Bismil at 8am on 25 November to go to the _eytan Bazaar in the
Ba_lar district of Diyarbak_r where he was to collect 300 million Turkish Lira
(approx: UK£1,700) for cotton he had previously sold. He has not been seen
since he collected the money from his customers. However, since his
“disappearance” the people listed in his personal address book have been called
one after the other, with him only saying: “I cannot talk, you speak”.
Villagers from Kuruçay_r village near Silvan have reported the following in
connection with the case of Selahattin Gümürcü: On 28 May 1996 the chief village
guard of Suluba_ village together with one other village guard raided Kuruçay_r
village at around 11pm wanting to detain a villager. A struggle ensued during
which the two village guards were killed. The day after this incident the village
was burned to the ground and the villagers forced to leave. A week later
Selahattin Gümürcü came to Kuruçay_r to collect the belongings of his daughter
who had lived in the village. He was then held by village guards, tortured
and threatened. According to the villagers, the village guards held Selahattin
Gümürcü responsible for what had happened.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Between 2 November and 9 December 1996, 10 people have “disappeared” in police
custody in and near Diyarbak_r. Three have been found dead by a main road near
Ad_yaman, some 200 kilometres from Diyarbak_r. There are four security force
checkpoints between Diyarbak_r and Ad_yaman. Atilla Korkmaz, aged 26, and Mahmut
Önerar_, aged 31, were found on 23 December, and Tevfik Kusun, aged 36, on
7 January. According to a newspaper report their hands were tied, their mouths
taped and they had been killed with a shot to the head. When relatives saw
the bodies later at the morgue for identification, they noticed bruising and
marks of blows.
On 14 September 1996, five bodies were discovered around Baharl_ village near
Bismil, province of Diyarbak_r. They had their hands tied behind their backs
and had been killed with a single bullet to the head. One of them was later
identified as Esat Ya_ar who reportedly had been detained in the Lice district
of Diyarbak_r on 6 September 1996. Others were identified as Faik Orak, Nas_r
Alan (19) and Nuri Yi_it. Faik Orak had been detained in Kürekli village near
C_nar on 8 September, and Nas_r Alan and Nuri Yi_it had been detained at their
homes in Diyarbak_r. Faik Orak's father reported that his son had been detained
by Special Team members and that his detention had been denied.
Four more bodies were reportedly discovered between 15 and 17 September. They
included the body of a man found between Ka__tl_ and Ba_dere police stations
near Diyarbak_r Kacaköy. Villagers reportedly stated that they had witnessed
the detention of a man and two women and the execution by shooting of the young
man. The discovery also included the corpses of a man and a woman found on
17 September near So_anl_ village in the district of Diyarbak_r. According
2
to one newspaper report they were unrecognizable because their heads had been
burned.
Procedures laid down in the Turkish Criminal Procedure Code for the prompt
and proper registration of detainees, and for notification of their families,
are almost universally ignored. Lack of prompt registration and notification
is extremely distressing for the families of detainees, and creates the
conditions in which "disappearances" and torture can occur.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express/airmail
letters in English or your own language:
- expression grave concern about the “disappearance” in police custody of at
least 10 people in the Diyarbak_r region between 2 November and 9 December
1996, three of whom have since been found killed;
- expressing concern in particular about Selahattin Gümürcü who has not been
seen since he met customers at _eytan Bazaar in Diyarbak_r on 25 November 1996,
and who was threatened by village guards in Kuruçay_r village in June 1996;
- urging that his whereabouts be established without further delay and his
family informed accordingly;
- asking to be informed of the results of the investigation.
APPEALS TO:
1. Chief Prosecutor at Diyarbak_r State Security Court:
Mr Nihat Çakar
DGM Ba_savc_s_
Devlet Güvenlik Mahkemesi
Diyarbak_r, Turkey
Telegrams: DGM Bassavcisi, Diyarbakir, Turkey
Faxes: +90 412 228 7749
Salutation: Dear Prosecutor
2. State of Emergency Regional Governor:
Mr Necati Bilican.
Ola_anüstü Hal Valisi
Diyarbak_r, Turkey
Telegrams: Olaganustu Hal Valisi, Diyarbakir, Turkey
Telex: 72110 OHVT TR; 72084 DYVA TR "please forward to the Governor"
72090 JASY TR
Faxes: +90 412 224 3572
Salutation: Dear Governor
3. Minister of the Interior
Mrs Meral Ak_ener
Içisleri Bakanl___
Ankara, Turkey
Telegrams: Interior Minister, Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: +90 312 417 2390
Salutation: Dear Minister
COPIES TO:
State Minister with responsibility for Human Rights:
Mr Lütfü Esengün
Office of the Prime Minister
Ba_bakanl_k
3
06573 Ankara, Turkey
Faxes: +90 312 417 0476
COPIES TO: diplomatic representatives of TURKEY accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 5 March 1997.

اختر لغة لاستعراض التقرير