EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: EUR 17/24/94
1 December 1994
Further information on UA 311/94 (EUR 17/13/94, 25 August 1994) - and follow-up:
EUR 17/19/94, 18 October 1994 - Conscientious objection
CYPRUS:Georgios Louka KARAMANOS, aged 29
Alvertos Louka KARAMANOS, aged 31
Georgios Costa ANTONIOU, aged 20
Andreas Ionathan CHARALAMBOUS, aged 20
Andreas Panayioti GEORGIOU, aged 18
Dimosthenos Demetraki LOIZOU, aged 23
Theodoros Antoni CHARALAMBOUS, aged 53
Iosif KOURIDES, aged 29
Andreas Ionathan Charalambous and Andreas Panayioti Georgiou have been
sentenced to five and eight months' imprisonment by Nicosia Military Court
on 17 October and 14 November respectively. They are now serving their sentences
in Nicosia Central Prison. Please stop sending appeals on their behalf.
Theodoros Antoni Charalambous has received a fine. He is not facing
imprisonment. Please stop sending appeals on his behalf.
The trials of all the other conscientious objectors have been postponed.
Dimosthenos Demetraki Loizou's trial is now scheduled for 15 December. The
trials of brothers Georgios and Alvertos Karamanos have been postponed until
8 and 10 December respectively. Georgios Costa Antoniou will appear before
Nicosia Military Court on 5 December. Iosif Kourides' trial has been postponed
until 8 December. They face up to one year's imprisonment.
13 conscientious objectors are now in prison in Cyprus. Their religion does
not permit them to serve in the armed forces in any capacity. As Jehovah's
Witnesses, they are opposed to performing any form of military service. Amnesty
International believes that their imprisonment would be merely for exercising
their right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and
- calling for the immediate release of all other conscientious objectors
currently in prison in Cyprus;
- expressing concern that five conscientious objectors are facing trial and
possible imprisonment solely for exercising their right to freedom of thought,
conscience and religion;
- calling on the government to ensure that, in line with international
recommendations, a civilian service of non-punitive length is introduced for
conscientious objectors to military service and that, in addition, reservists
and serving conscripts have the opportunity to perform such a service during
periods of emergency or general mobilization.
1) Mr Glafcos Klerides
President of the Republic of Cyprus