UA 516/90 - Philippines: "disappearance" / threat of abduction: Rosario Ladronio and her 2-month-old baby
EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 35/30/90
UA 516/90 "Disappearance"/Threat of Abduction 21 December 1990
PHILIPPINES: Rosario LADRONIO (f), aged 30
+ her 2-month-old baby
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of Rosario Ladronio,
reportedly arrested by unidentified armed men on 18 December 1990 at her home
in barangay San Benito, Victoria, Laguna province. The organization is also
concerned for the safety of Rosario Ladronio's baby, who is apparently at risk
According to information received from relatives, a group of unidentified
armed men in military uniform went to Rosario Ladronio's home between 12am
and 1am of the morning of 18 December. Three men entered the house. Relatives
said that one was carrying an M-14 rifle, another a .45 calibre revolver, and
the third a two-way radio. Other men, also in military uniform, waited outside
the house in what appeared to be a military jeep.
The reasons for the arrest of Rosario Ladronio are unclear, but relatives
believe the authorities suspected her of being the wife of a commander of the
Southern Tagalog district of the outlawed New People's Army (NPA), the armed
wing of the banned Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP).
Since the incident took place, relatives have reported that men belonging
to the group that abducted Rosario Ladronio have returned several times to
the house and attempted to take away her baby. Thus far, relatives say they
have managed to hide the baby.
Relatives have approached the Captain of the barangay (local district),
human rights organizations and the governmental Philippines Commission on Human
Rights and asked for help in locating Rosario Ladronio and protection for the
baby's safety, but as yet their efforts have been fruitless. The military
authorities deny that Rosario Ladronio is being held in custody, and her
whereabouts remain unknown.
As part of the government's campaign to crush the armed insurgency in the
Philippines, suspected sympathizers of the NPA have been ill-treated,
"disappeared" or killed by government and government-backed forces. Among the
victims have been residents of villages in rural areas alleged to be NPA
strongholds; trade unionists, human rights workers and members of a range of
social, political and community organizations the authorities believe to be
"fronts" for the banned CPP.
Amnesty International has also received reports of the "disappearance"
of the wives of suspected NPA guerrillas. In one case, two women whose custody
was denied by the military authorities for several weeks, were subsequently
found to be held in a military installation. The camp commander alleged that
the women were members of a guerilla group but said they would be released
if their husbands "turned themselves in".
"Disappearances" have been reported at an alarming rate in the Philippines
over the last year. Amnesty International received information regarding more
than 50 "disappearances" in the period from December 1989 to mid-December 1990,
compared to a total of about 40 reports of "disappearance" in 1989. Some of
the "disappeared" have been found dead, apparently killed by military, or
paramilitary forces. Others have been located after being held in incommunicado
and without charge for long periods in military custody.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters:
- expressing concern for the safety of Rosario Ladronio, last seen on 18
November 1990 in the custody of unidentified armed men in military uniforms;
- urging the authorities to conduct an urgent investigation into this case
and to ensure that, if in custody, Rosario Ladronio is granted immediate access
to relatives and a lawyer; and if she is not to be charged with a recognizable
criminal offence, to release her immediately;
- expressing grave concern for the safety of Rosario Ladronio's two-month-old
baby and calling on the government to take immediate, effective measures to
ensure that the baby is fully protected from intimidation or abduction.
President Corazon Aquino
Telegrams: President Aquino, Manila, Philippines
Telexes: 40414 MALCOM PN, 45618 RMC PM,
63370 PRES PN or 82361 PRES PU
Faxes: + 63 2 832 3793 (via Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
+ 63 2 731 1325 (via Press Secretary to the President)
General Fidel V. Ramos
Secretary of National Defense
Department of National Defense
Camp General Emilio Aguinaldo
Metro Manila, Philippines
Telegrams: Defense Secretary Ramos, Quezon, Philippines
Telexes: 22471 DND PH or 42004 DCSLOG PM
Faxes: + 63 2 721 3988
Brig-Gen Alejandro A Galido
South Luzon Command (SOLCOM)
Quezon Province, Philippines
Telegrams: Commander SOLCOM, Camp Nakar, Lucena City, Queson Province,
Mary Concepcion Bautista
Commission on Human Rights
IBP Building Complex
Dona Julia Vargas Avenue
Pasig Metro Manila, Philippines
and to diplomatic representatives of the Philippines in your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat or
your section office if sending appeals after 31 January 1991.