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UA 310/92 - South Korea: legal concern / fear of torture / fear of ill- treatment: Mass arrests: at least 60 people including: Hwang In-oh, Song Hae-suk, Kim Nak-jung, Hwang Ik-uk, Lee Sol-woo, Chun Hee-shik

, رقم الوثيقة: ASA 25/026/1992

Scores of people have been arrested since late August 1992 on national security charges. The ANSP announced on 30 September 1992 that it had uncovered the biggest espionage case since the Korean War. AI has received reports that some of those detained have been held incommunicado and tortured during interrogation by ANSP officials. Kim Nak-jung was allegedly held incommunicado for 10 days after arrest and beaten and deprived of sleep during interrogation. Chun Hee-shik (now released) also claimed to have been beaten. Hwang In-oh, his wife Song Hae-suk and their three-year- old son were held incommunicado for over a week; Song Hae-suk was reportedly threatened with sexual abuse and beaten in the presence of her child.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 25/26/92
Distr: UA/SC
6 October 1992
UA 310/92 Legal concern/fear of torture/fear of ill-treatment
SOUTH KOREA: Mass Arrests: at least 60 people
including: HWANG In-oh, aged 37
SONG Hae-suk, aged 34, female
KIM Nak-jung, aged 58, former politician, writer
HWANG Ik-uk, aged 27, student
LEE Sol-woo, aged 32, former politician
CHUN Hee-shik, aged 34
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of scores of people arrested
since late August 1992 on national security charges. It has received reports
that some of these prisoners have been held incommunicado and tortured during
interrogation by officials of the Agency for National Security Planning (ANSP)
and it fears that further abuses may take place.
A series of arrests have taken place since late August 1992, including
politicians, workers, students and dissidents. On 30 September 1992 the ANSP
announced that it had uncovered the biggest espionage case since the Korean
War (1950-53).
According to South Korean human rights groups and lawyers, many of these
prisoners have been denied access to lawyers and relatives for days or weeks
and some have claimed that they were tortured. Kim Nak-jung was held
incommunicado for 10 days after his arrest in late August. He is said to have
been beaten and deprived of sleep during interrogation. Chun Hee-shik reported
that he had been beaten for over an hour soon after his arrest in early September.
He was later released. Hwang In-oh, his wife Song Hae-suk and their three-year
old son were arrested without warrants in mid-September and held incommunicado
for over a week. Song Hae-suk was reportedly threatened with sexual abuse and
beaten in the presence of her child.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Prisoners arrested under the National Security Law (NSL) may be interrogated
for up to 50 days by the Agency for National Security Planning (ANSP) and the
prosecution. Access to lawyers is sometimes restricted or denied, particularly
during the first 20 days of interrogation by the ANSP. During this time, some
prisoners have complained that they were subject to beatings and sleep
deprivation.
The National Security Law (NSL) prohibits unauthorized contact with
"anti-state" organizations, including the North Korean Government. Over the
years it has been widely used to imprison people who visited North Korea without
government authorization, people who met North Koreans or alleged North Korean
agents abroad and people who expressed support for North Korea or whose views
were similar to positions also taken by the North. In past years the courts
have ruled that any information which could be useful to North Korea, even
if it were publicly available, qualified as a "state secret". Amnesty
International believes that some prisoners convicted of espionage activities
are in fact held for the peaceful exercise of their political views.
page 2 of UA 310/92...
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in english or in your own language:
- expressing concern at reports that many prisoners arrested since late August
1992 on national security charges have been held incommunicado, beaten and
deprived of sleep during interrogation by the Agency for National Security
Planning;
- urging the authorities to ensure that all prisoners have prompt and regular
access to relatives and lawyers and are not ill-treated;
- asking the authorities to conduct an immediate and independent investigation
into all reports of torture and ill-treatment;
- urging the government to respect its obligations to its citizens under
international standards, including relevant provisions of the International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights which it has ratified.
APPEALS TO:
1) Minister of Justice
Mr Kim Ki-choon
Ministry of Justice
1 Chungang-dong
Kwachon-myon
Shihung-gun
Kyonggi Province
REPUBLIC OF KOREA
Telegrams: Justice Minister, Republic of Korea
Telexes: 24757 MOJUST K
Faxes: +82 2 504 3337
Salutation: Dear Minister
2) Director
Mr Lee Sahng-yeon
Agency for National Security Planning
Presidential Office
The Blue House
1 Sejong-no, Chongno-gu
Seoul
REPUBLIC OF KOREA
Telegrams: Director, ANSP, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Telexes: 24651/24652 WOIMUBU K (c/o Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Faxes: +82 2 720 2686 (via Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Salutation: Dear Sir
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Diplomatic representatives of South Korea accredited to your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 17 November 1992.

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