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People's Republic of China: Ill-treatment / health concern

, رقم الوثيقة: ASA 17/031/1997

Yao Zhenxiang, Yao Zhenxian: Two brothers held at Dafeng penal farm in Jiangsu province are reported to be ill and to have been denied adequate medical treatment. Concern for their well-being has been heightened by reports that they are being denied access to their family and that Yao Zhenxiang has been subjected to beatings. Yao Zhenxian is reported to have gone on hunger-strike in April 1997 to protest against being deprived of his right to correspondence.

EXTERNAL AI Index: ASA 17/31/97
UA 162/97 Ill-treatment / Health concern 5 June 1997
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINAYAO Zhenxiang, aged 37
YAO Zhenxian
Two brothers detained in a labour camp near Shanghai are reported to be ill
and to have been denied adequate medical treatment. Reports that family members
have been denied access to Yao Zhenxiang and Yao Zhenxian since October 1996
and April 1997 respectively have heightened concern for their well-being.
Both men were arrested in April 1996 and are held at the Dafeng penal farm
in Jiangsu province, north of Shanghai. Their family recently petitioned the
authorities in Beijing to look into their case and improve their treatment.
According to the family, both brothers were severely beaten by police after
their arrest in April 1996. Yao Zhenxiang’s wife was allowed to see her husband
on 15 October 1996, for the first time since his arrest. She subsequently
reported that his face was covered with scars and he had great difficulty moving
his left hand due to the beatings, and that both he and his brother were in
poor health. Yao Zhenxiang has been denied family visits since then and no
investigation is known to have been carried out into his reported ill-treatment.
His older brother Yao Zhenxian is reported to have gone on hunger-strike at
the labour camp in April 1997 to protest against being deprived of his right
to correspondence. His family has been denied access to him since then and
his current situation is not known.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Yao Zhenxiang, a businessman from Shanghai and long-time supporter of the
democracy movement in China, fled China in 1994 following a crackdown against
members of the Shanghai Human Rights Association, and sought refuge in France.
He returned to China in 1996 after receiving assurances via Chinese
representatives in France that he would not be arrested, but he was sought
by police upon his return to Shanghai. He was arrested in April 1996 and accused
of “illegally crossing the borders of the state” and “broadcasting and making
copies of” pornographic material. This latter charge, according to the family,
is totally unfounded. His brother Yao Zhenxian was arrested at the same time
and accused of helping him.
In late July 1996, the authorities issued a detention order against Yao Zhenxiang
assigning him to three years’ “re-education through labour”, a form of
administrative detention imposed without formal charge or trial, to be served
in a forced labour camp. His brother Yao Zhenxian was assigned to two years’
“re-education through labour”. Both were reportedly denied the right to appeal
against their sentences.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/express/airmail letters in
English, Chinese or your own language or your own language:
- calling for an immediate investigation into the situation of Yao Zhenxiang
and his brother Yao Zhenxian, held at the Dafeng farm, Jiangsu province, who
are reported to be in poor health and to have been denied medical treatment
as well as visits from their family for periods of seven months and two months,
respectively.
- calling for an impartial judicial investigation into reports that both were
severely beaten by state security officers following their arrest in Shanghai
2
in April 1996, and for the results to be made public, and for anyone found
responsible to be brought to justice;
- expressing concern that both men are reported to be arbitrarily detained
for political reasons, without having been formally charged or tried, and urging
the authorities to release them without delay if they are not to be charged
with recognizably criminal offences and given a fair and open trial in accordance
with international standards.
APPEALS TO:
Procurator-General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate of the People's
Republic of China
ZHANG Siqing Jianchazhang
Zuigao Renmin Jianchayuan
147 Beiheyan Dajie
Donganmen, Dongchengqu
Beijingshi 100726
People's Republic of China
Telexes: 210070 FMPRC CN or 22478 MFERT CN
(Please forward to the Procurator-General)
Telegram: Procurator-General, Supreme People's Procuratorate, Beijing, China
Salutation: Dear Procurator-General
Mayor of the Shanghai Municipal People's Government
XU Kuangdi Shizhang
Shanghaishi Renmin Zhengfu
30 Fuzhoulu
Shanghaishi 200002
People's Republic of China
Telexes: 333 15 SMERT (Please forward to the Mayor)
Telegram: Mayor, Shanghai, China
Salutation: Dear Mayor
Chief Procurator of Shanghai Municipal People's Procuratorate
NI Hongfu Jianchazhang
Shanghaishi Renmin Jianchayuan
648 Jianguo Xilu
Shanghaishi 200030
People's Republic of China
Telexes: 33289 SHFAO CN (Please forward)
Telegram: Chief Procurator, Municipal People's Procuratorate, Shanghai, China
Salutation: Dear Sir
COPIES TO: diplomatic representatives of PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA accredited
to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 23 July 1997.

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