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UA 317/94 - People's Republic of China: ill-treatment / medical concern: Qin Yongmin

, رقم الوثيقة: ASA 17/029/1994

There is grave concern about the health of prisoner of conscience Qin Yongmin who is reported to have been severely beaten in recent weeks by prison wardens. These beatings are reported to have caused him great pain and bleeding, and irreperable damage to his testicles. He is currently serving a two-year administrative sentence at Hewan Re-education through Labour Camp in Wuhan City, Hubei province.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 17/29/94
Distr: UA/SC
UA 317/94 Ill-treatment / Medical concern 30 August 1994
PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA Qin Yongmin, aged 41
Amnesty International is gravely concerned about the health of prisoner of
conscience Qin Yongmin who is reported to have twice been severely beaten in
recent weeks. The beatings are reported to have caused him enormous pain and
bleeding, and irreparable damage to his testicles. Qin Yongmin is currently
serving a two-year administrative sentence at Hewan
Re-education-through-Labour Camp in Wuhan City, Hubei province.
On 8 June 1994, Qin Yongmin was reportedly very badly beaten by prison wardens
and a fellow inmate, allegedly at the instigation of higher officials after
he had taken legal action against the police in Wuhan for his illegal detention.
During a visit in mid-July, Qin Yongmin's family learned of his injuries and
his mother made a request to the authorities that he receive medical treatment.
A few days later, however, Qin Yongmin was reportedly again beaten until he
became unconscious. In a letter sent to the foreign press dated 22 August,
his wife, Li Jinfang, stated: "My husband has been viciously struck on the
penis and testicles and has been in enormous pain since then," and claimed
he had been beaten because he was too slow to act on the prison guard's orders.
Qin Yongmin did not see a doctor until late July. The doctor reportedly testified
that Qin Yongmin's testicles were severely beaten, with permanent damage as
a result, and that he had also suffered "internal bleeding". After seeing the
doctor, he was reportedly taken straight back to the labour camp, held in an
upstairs room and forbidden to talk with anyone except guards. Family members,
on their once-a-month visits in July and August, report that his body is swollen
and covered with bruises, and that he is too weak to stand. Li Jinfang has
made an appeal to the National People's Congress asking it to intervene to
allow her husband to undergo medical treatment, investigate Qin Yongmin's
ill-treatment and to punish those who instigated the beatings.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Qin Yongmin, a 41-year-old democracy-wall activist, was sentenced in January
1994 to two-years of "re-education through labour", an administrative
punishment, for "seriously disturbing social order". He was taken into custody
on 14 November 1993 after taking part in a meeting in Beijing to discuss a
"Peace Charter" which called on the Chinese Communist Party to respect human
rights and introduce political reform. All the signatories to the "Peace
Charter" have been arrested.
Qin Yongmin had been in and out of prison for most of 1993 on account of his
dissident activities. On 11 August 1993, he was detained and held incommunicado
for six weeks after publicly opposing Beijing's bid for the 2000 Olympics.
Qin Yongmin, a former worker in the Wuhan Steel Mill, was actively involved
in the Democracy Wall movement in the late 1970s. He edited and wrote articles
for the unofficial journal Sound of the Bell (Zhong Sheng) and was a chief
organiser of the dissident April fifth Study Society (Si-Wu Xueshe). Qin was
arrested in November 1979 for selling unofficial pro-democracy magazines but
released some time later. He was then re-arrested in April 1981 and detained
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for several years.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes and airmail letters
in Mandarin, English, or your own language:
- expressing concern at reports that Qin Yongmin has twice been severely beaten
in detention and urging that he be given immediate medical treatment for any
injuries he has sustained;
- calling for an investigation into these allegations of ill-treatment, and
for those responsible to be brought to justice;
- seeking assurances that Qin Yongmin will not be subjected to any further
ill-treatment in detention;
- calling on the authorities to release Qin Yongmin immediately and
unconditionally as a prisoner of conscience, arbitrarily detained for the
peaceful exercise of his right to freedom of expression and opinion.
APPEALS TO
Premier of the People's Republic of China
LI Peng Zongli
Guowuyuan
9 Xihuangchenggenbeijie
Beijingshi 100032
People's Republic of China
Telexes: 210070 FMPRC CN or 22478 MFERT CN
Faxes: + 86 1 512 5810 (via Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Telegram: Premier Li Peng, Beijing, China
Salutation: Your Excellency
Governor of the Hubei Provincial People's Government
JIA Zhijie DaiShengzhang
Hubeisheng Renmin Zhengfu
1 Beihuan Lu, Shuiguohu
Wuchang, Wuhanshi
Hubeisheng
People's Republic of China
Telexes: 40155 WFAOECN
Telegram: Governor Jia Zhijie, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China
Salutation: Dear Governor
Director of the Hubei Department of Public Security
TIAN Qiyu Juzhang
Gong'anting
Fujiapo, Wuchang
Wuhanshi 430070
Hubeisheng
People's Republic of China
Telegrams: Director of the Department of Public Security Tian Qiyu, Wuhan,
Hubei Province, China
Salutation: Dear Director
and to diplomatic representatives of the People's Republic of China accredited
to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 11 October 1994.
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