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Further information on UA 164/93 (ASA 17/20/93, 19 May) - People's Republic of China (Tibet Autonomous Region): mass arrest / fear of ill-treatment: Lobsang Yonten, Gendun Rinchen, and an unknown number of Tibetans (now thought to be less than 100)

, رقم الوثيقة: ASA 17/021/1993

A Chinese foreign ministry spokesman confirmed on 25 May 1993 that the two Lhasa residents, Gendun Rinchen and Lobsang Yonten were detained for political activities. The two men were reportedly involved in monitoring human rights violations in Tibet prior to the arrival in Lhasa of a delegation of European Community (EC) diplomats on 16 May 1993. The authorities have not disclosed where they are being held, and it is feared they may be ill-treated. On 24 and 25 May, just after the diplomats' departure, major protests took place involving up to 2,000 people. It is feared further arbitrary arrests may be carried out as a result of these protests.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 17/21/93
Distr: UA/SC
25 May 1993
Further information on UA 164/93 (ASA 17/20/93, 19 May 1993) - Mass arrest/Fear
of Ill-treatment
People's Republic of China Lobsang Yonten
(Tibet Autonomous Region):Gendun Rinchen
and an unknown number of Tibetans (now
thought to be less than 100)
A Chinese foreign ministry spokesman confirmed on 25 May 1993 that the two Lhasa
residents, Gendun Rinchen and Lobsang Yonten, were detained for political activities.
They have been accused of stealing "a large amount of state secrets" and engaging
in "separatist activities which directly threatened China's national security". The
two men are reported to have been involved in monitoring human rights violations
in Tibet. The authorities have not disclosed where they are being held and it is
feared they may be ill-treated.
Mao Rubai, Vice-Governor of the Tibet Autonomous Region, denied recently that their
arrest was related to the 16 May 1993 arrival in Lhasa of a delegation of European
Community (EC) diplomats. He claimed they were detained well before that date and
also denied that over 100 Tibetans had been detained in connection with the EC visit.
On 24 and 25 May, just after the departure of the EC diplomats, major protests took
place in Lhasa involving up to 2,000 people. The unrest reportedly started in protest
at sharp price rises and rent increases, but may also have been triggered off by
the arrests preceding the EC visit. According to Tibetan exiles, another possible
source of discontent was the anniversary on 23 May of the 1951 signing of a document
incorporating Tibet into China, a day celebrated by the Chinese as the symbol of
the "Peaceful Liberation" of Tibet. Unconfirmed reports said that some Tibetan monks
were arrested on 23 May 1993 for briefly raising the Tibetan flag.
According to foreign residents in Lhasa the demonstration on 24 May began peacefully,
but police started firing tear-gas when rocks were thrown by the protesters and slogans
were changed into calls for Tibetan independence. According to another report the
police later opened fire into the air, but there were no confirmed reports of injuries.
Police were seen taking some protesters away. It is feared that further arbitrary
arrests may be carried out as a result of these protests.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Amnesty International is concerned about the treatment of Tibetan prisoners during
detention. The organization has had reports of at least three political prisoners
dying in detention in Tibet since 1988. Two Tibetans, recently conditionally released
from Drapchi Prison had suffered severe paralysis as a result of torture and sustained
ill-treatment (see UA 425/91, ASA 17/72/91 of 5 December 1991 and follow-ups ASA
17/06/92 of 13 January 1992, ASA 17/01/93 of 5 January 1993 and ASA 17/16/93 of 1
April 1993). Despite earlier well-documented reports of ill-treatment of prisoners
in Tibetan prisons and detention centres, the Chinese authorities have not taken
any steps to investigate allegations or to ensure the safety of prisoners at risk,
and suspend from duty those officers alleged to have used torture.
Page 2 of FU 164/93
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters in English or your own language:
- expressing concern that Gendun Rinchen and Lobsang Yonten are reported to be detained
arbitrarily because of their involvement in monitoring human rights, but have been
officially accused of "stealing state secrets" and engaging in "separatist
activities";
- urging the authorities to disclose the specific information on which these
accusations are based and calling for their immediate and unconditional release if
the charges against them are not based on recognizably criminal offences in accordance
with international standards;
- urging the authorities to take immediate measures to ensure that they are not
ill-treated in detention, and to disclose their whereabouts;
- urging the authorities to release immediately and unconditionally any Tibetans
who peacefully participated in the 24 and 25 May 1993 protests, and urging that further
arbitrary arrests do not take place as a result of these protests.
APPEALS TO
1) Premier of the People's Republic of China:
LI Peng Zongli
Guowuyuan Salutation: Your Excellency
9 Xihuangchenggenbeijie
Beijingshi 100032
People's Republic of China
Telegrams: Premier Li Peng, Beijing, China
Telexes: 210070 FMPRC CN or 22478 MFERT CN
2) Minister of Public Security:
TAO Siju Buzhang
Gong'anbu Salutation: Your Excellency
14 Dongchang'anlu
Beijingshi 100741
People's Republic of China
Telegrams: Minister Tao Siju, Beijing, China
Telexes: 210070 FMPRC CN
Faxes: + 861 512 1176
3) President of the Xizang Autonomous Regional People's Government:
Gyaltsen Norbu Zhuxi
Xizang Zizhiqu Renmin Zhengfu Salutation: Dear President
1 Kang'andonglu
Lasashi 850000
Xizang Zizhiqu
People's Republic of China
Telegrams: President Gyaltsen Norbu, Lasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, China
Telexes: 68014 FAOLT CN or 68007 PGVMT CN
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
1) Secretary of the Xizang Autonomous Regional Party Committee:
CHEN Kuiyuan Shuji
Zhonggong Xizang Zizhiqu Weiyuanhui
Lasashi
Xizang Zizhiqu
People's Republic of China
2) Chairman of the Xizang Autonomous Regional People's Congress Standing Committee:
RAIDI Zhuren
Xizang Zizhiqu Renmin Daibiao Dahui
Changwu Weiyuanhui
Lasashi
Xizang Zizhiqu
People's Republic of China
and to diplomatic representatives of China accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your
section office, if sending appeals after 6 July 1993.

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