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UA 272/94 - Myanmar: fear of torture: Khin Zaw Win

, رقم الوثيقة: ASA 16/008/1994

Khin Zaw Win has not been seen since 4 July 1994 when he was reportedly arrested by members of Military Branch Three at Yangon (Rangoon) airport as he tried to board a plane to Singapore. Khin Zaw Win, a student known to have close links with political opposition groups in Myanmar, had been studying in Singapore on a Singapore government scholarship. There are fears that he may be tortured in incommunicado detention.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: ASA 16/08/94
Distr: UA/SC
UA 272/94 Fear of torture 18 July 1994
MYANMAR Khin Zaw Win, student
Khin Zaw Win has not been seen since 4 July 1994, when he was reportedly arrested
by members of Military Branch Three at Yangon (Rangoon) airport as he tried
to board a plane bound for Singapore. It is not known where he is being held,
or whether he has been charged with any offence. Amnesty International fears
that he may be tortured in incommunicado detention.
Khin Zaw Win, a student known to have close links with political opposition
groups in Myanmar, had been studying in Singapore on a Singapore government
scholarship. His thesis topic was the political situation in Myanmar, and
he had returned to his home country in order to carry out further academic
research. At the time of his arrest, it is likely that he was carrying many
documents relating to the political opposition movement in Myanmar.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
The Myanmar government, the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
took power following the violent suppression of widespread pro-democracy
demonstrations in 1988. Hundreds of people were arrested and imprisoned for
taking part in the demonstrations. General elections held in 1990 resulted
in an overwhelming victory for the National League for Democracy, but the SLORC
refused to hand over power. Since then, the SLORC has ruled by decree, and
issued martial law orders to impose restrictions on the rights to freedom of
expression and assembly. These decrees have been used to detain people
considered to be a political threat to the SLORC. Although there were many
releases in 1992 and 1993, hundreds of political prisoners remain in detention,
and in the last 12 months, there have been several arrests of prominent
opposition politicians and activists. In October 1993, a group of young people
with whom Khin Zaw Win was known to have close links were sentenced to prison
terms of up to 20 years. Since 1988, Amnesty International has received many
reports of ill-treatment and torture in Myanmar prisons.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes and airmail letters
either in English or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the arrest of Khin Zaw Win, and requesting details
of his whereabouts:
- seeking assurances that his treatment in detention conforms to international
standards, and that he be given access to his family, lawyer, and to medical
personnel;
- urging that he be promptly charged with a recognizably criminal offence,
or released.
APPEALS TO
1. General Than Shwe
Chairman
State Law and Order Restoration Council
c/o Ministry of Defence
Signal Pagoda Road
Yangon, Union of Myanmar
Telegrams: General Than Shwe, Yangon, Myanmar
2
Telexes: 21316
Salutation: Dear General
2. Lieutenant General Khin Nyunt
Secretary 1
State Law and Order Restoration Council
c/o Ministry of Defence
Signal Pagoda Road
Yangon, Union of Myanmar
Telegrams: Lieutenant General Khin Nyunt, Yangon, Myanmar
Salutation: Dear Lieutenant General
3. General Maung Aye
Vice Chairman
State Law and Order Restoration Council
c/o Ministry of Defence
Signal Pagoda Road
Yangon, Union of Myanmar
Telegrams: General Maung Aye, Yangon, Myanmar
Salutation: Dear General
U Ohn Gyaw
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Prome Court
Prome Road
Yangon, Union of Myanmar
Faxes: +95 1 229 50
Telexes: 21313 MOFARN BM
Telegrams: Minister of Foreign Affairs, Yangon, Myanmar
Salutation: Your Excellency
COPIES TO: diplomatic representatives of Myanmar accredited to your country
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 29 August 1994.

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