EXTERNAL AI Index: AMR 51/93/96
EXTRA 180/96 Death Penalty / Legal concern 21 November 1996
USA (MISSOURI)Richard S. ZEITVOGEL
Richard S. Zeitvogel is scheduled to be executed in Missouri on 11 December
1996. He was sentenced to death for the murder of Gary W. Dew in 1984.
Zeitvogel and Dew were both serving prison sentences and were cell-mates at
the time of the murder. Zeitvogel claims that he killed Dew as an act of
Six months prior to the murder, Dew and several other inmates broke into the
prison chapel in order to steal stereo equipment. During the burglary a prisoner
in the chapel was assaulted and left in critical condition. Zeitvogel informed
prison investigators that he saw Dew in the prison chapel prior to the assault.
This information led to Dew being charged with burglary and first degree assault.
Dew, who had been made aware of Zeitvogel's statements linking him to the crime,
was convicted of assault and burglary. While awaiting sentencing for the crime,
Dew was placed in the same cell as Zeitvogel, despite Zeitvogel's protests
and previous threats by Dew that he would kill Zeitvogel. After two days of
sharing a cell, during which time other inmates reported loud fighting and
arguing between the two men, Zeitvogel called the guards and admitted killing
Zeitvogel was charged with capital murder and was legally represented by Julian
Ossman, the same lawyer who had represented Dew on the charges of assault and
burglary. Ossman had been responsible for making Dew aware that Zeitvogel had
linked him to the crime by showing him a copy of Zeitvogel’s statement to the
prison authorities. However, Ossman did not make Zeitvogel aware that he had
represented Dew and failed to make the jury aware of Dew’s possible motive
(of vengeance) for attacking Zeitvogel. The only evidence presented to the
jury to support the claim of self-defence were statements from other inmates
that Dew had verbally threatened Zeitvogel's life. Under Missouri law, the
charges against Dew relating to the incidents in the prison chapel were dismissed
and the record "sealed" following Dew's death. The sealing of the record
prevented it being used in Zeitvogel's defence.
Julian Ossman has had more clients sentenced to death than any other lawyer
in the state of Missouri. Attorneys currently representing Zeitvogel are basing
appeals on the grounds that he was ineffectively represented by legal counsel
at his trial and that he should not have been convicted of capital murder as
he had acted in self-defence. However, the appeal may not be heard by the courts
because of provisions in the Anti-terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act
signed into law by President Clinton in April 1996. The Act prevents death
row inmates from making habeas corpus appeals in certain circumstances and
is designed to speed the time taken from conviction to execution.
As of 31 July 1996, there were 94 prisoners under sentence of death in Missouri.
The most recent execution in Missouri was of Richard Oxford on 21 August 1996.
Twenty-two prisoners have been executed in Missouri under the state’s current
death penalty laws. This is the joint fourth highest number in the USA (the
other four are: Texas 107, Florida 37, Virginia 32 and Georgia 22).