EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/36/93
UA 343/93 Arbitrary detention/ Fear of unfair trial 29 September 1993
PERU: Lily Maribel OLANO ELERA, human rights activist
Amnesty International is seriously concerned about the reported arbitrary
detention on 24 September 1993 of human rights activist Lily Maribel Olano
Elera. The organization is also concerned that Lily Oleano may be falsely charged
under Peru's anti-terrorist legislation. In the event of such a charge, Amnesty
International believes she would not be given a fair trial, and that she may
be eventually be given a prison sentence.
According to reports, Lily Maribel Olano was detained by members of the police
in a street near the Picsi prison in Chiclayo, Chiclayo province, department
of Lambayeqye. After her detention she was taken to the Chiclayo branch of
the Dirección Nacional Contra el Terrorismo, DINCOTE, the anti-terrorist unit
of the national police and was later transferred to the Comisaría de Mujeres
de Chiclayo, Women's police station of Chiclayo. She is under investigation
on suspicion of terrorism-related crimes.
Lily Olano was in contact with most of the major human rights organizations
in Lima such as the Instituto de Defensa Legal, IDL, (Institute of legal
Defence), Asociación pro Derechos Humanos, APRODEH, Asociation for Human
Rights, Fundación Ecuménica por el Desarrollo y la Paz, FEDEPAZ, Ecumenic
Foundation for Peace and Development, Comisión Ecuménica de Acción Social,
CEAS, Ecumenic Commission for Social Action. These organizations have
consistently made public their unqualified opposition to the activities of
the armed opposition in Peru.
President Alberto Fujimori and his government assumed power on 28 July 1990.
Since then the President has repeatedly stated that his government is pursuing
a policy of unrestricted respect for human rights. In April 1992 President
Fujimori suspended constitutional rule, closed Congress, introduced new
wide-ranging anti-terrorist legislation and appointed new judges.
A new Congress was opened in December 1992 and finally reinstated the 1979
Constitution. In January 1993 the legislative ratified all the anti-terrorism
decrees issued by the executive between May and November 1992. Amnesty
International believes that these decrees are sufficiently wide and imprecise
to allow for the detention of individuals critical of the political, social
and economic system in Peru; of the Government, security forces and other
authorities; and of political and military measures to control the armed
opposition. Indeed, since new anti-terrorism laws came into effect,
journalists, human rights defenders, lawyers, political activists and other
critics with no links to the armed opposition in Peru, have been detained and
charged with terrorism-related offences. Independent human rights