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UA 82/93 - Peru: death threats: Cecilia Valenzuela

, رقم الوثيقة: AMR 46/007/1993

Cecilia Valenzuela, a journalist on the magazine Caretas, has reportedly received death threats following the publication of an article in Caretas which apparently focused on the trial of officers accused of attempting to overthrow the government in November 1992. She and the editor of Caretas were reportedly threatened previously, in November 1992, following the publication of transcripts of telephone conversations between the President, the head of the Armed Forces Joint Command and an advisor to the President. AI is concerned for her safety.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 46/07/93
Distr: UA/SC
UA 82/93 Death threats 24 March 1993
PERU: Cecilia VALENZUELA (female), journalist
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of Cecilia Valenzuela, a
journalist on the weekly magazine Caretas, who has reportedly received death
threats.
According to reports, on 27 February 1993 an envelope was found in an elevator
in the building which houses the offices of Caretas, with "Cecilia Valenzuela,
Caretas", written on the envelope. Inside was a chicken's head with a cord
around its neck, and a blood-spattered clipping of a photo of the journalist.
Apparently there was no indication as to whom had sent the envelope.
The threat followed the publication in Caretas of an article written by Cecilia
Valenzuela. The article apparently focused on the trial of the army officers
accused of an attempt in November 1992 to overthrow President Alberto Fujimori's
emergency government.
This is not the first time Cecilia Valenzuela has been threatened. According
to reports, she and the editor of Caretas were anonymously threatened with
death over the telephone in November 1992, following publication of the
transcripts of taped telephone conversations between President Fujimori, the
head of the Armed forces Joint Command and a close advisor to the President.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
On 5 April 1992 President Alberto Fujimori announced the closure of Congress
and the suspension of constitutional rule. In the wake of the announcement
scores of politicians, trade unionists, journalists and others were detained
in their homes, work places or in centres of detention. The offices of some
of Peru's newspapers and magazines were surrounded by troops and were unable
to function freely. All the detainees, except one, were released within days
without charges.
In the months that followed President Fujimori's announcement, Caretas
consistently published articles which were highly critical of the President
and his government. The magazine has also been very critical of the way in
which sectors of the army and the Servicio de Inteligencia Nacional, National
intelligence Service, acted in detaining and investigating those officers who
had allegedly participated in the attempt to overthrow the President.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes and airmail letters in
Spanish, English or your own language:
- expressing concern at the reported death threat to journalist Cecilia
Valenzuela;
- requesting that the authorities take immediate and effective steps to
guarantee her physical safety;
- urging the authorities to initiate a full and independent investigation into
the death threats, making the findings public and bringing to justice those
responsible for the threats.
Page 2 of UA 82/93
APPEALS TO:
1) President:
Presidente Alberto Fujimori
Presidente de la República
Palacio de Gobierno
Plaza de Armas
Lima 1, PERU
Telegrams: Presidente Fujimori, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 20167 PE PALACIO
Salutation: Señor Presidente / Dear President
2) Minister of the Interior:
General EP Juan Briones Dávila
Ministro del Interior
Ministerio del Interior
Plaza 30 de Agosto 150
San Isidro
Urb. Córpac
Lima 27, PERU
Telegrams: Ministro Interior Briones, Lima, Perú
Telexes: 21133 PE OCMI/21697
Salutation: Señor Ministro / Dear Minister
3) Minister of Defence:
General EP Victor Malca Villanueva
Ministro de Defensa
Ministerio de Defensa
Avenida Boulevard s/n
Monterrico
Lima 33, PERU
Telegrams: Ministro Defensa Villanueva, Lima, Peru
Telexes: 25438 PE COMGREGJ
Salutation: Señor Ministro / Dear Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Caretas
Camaná 615, Of. 308
Lima
Peru
and to diplomatic representatives of Peru accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 5 May 1993.

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