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UA 71/92 - Paraguay: possible extrajudicial execution: Bernardo Ramirez

, رقم الوثيقة: AMR 45/001/1992

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 45/01/92
Distr: UA/SC
UA 71/92 Possible Extrajudicial Execution 27 February 1992
PARAGUAY: Bernardo RAMIREZ, peasant farmer
Amnesty International is concerned about the killing of peasant farmer Bernardo
Ramírez on 15 February 1992 in the locality of Yhovy, district of Corpus Christi,
Canindiyu department, in circumstances suggesting he was the victim of
extrajudicial execution.
According to information received by Amnesty International, on the evening
of 15 February army personnel from the military detachment No 1 in Yhovy,
Destacamento Militar Nro 1 de Yhovy, arrested peasant farmer Rodolfo Ramírez
at a social gathering. He was taken to the house of Carlos Achucarro, president
of the peasants' neighbourhood commission in Yhovy who together with Bernardo
Ramírez, the detained man's brother, accompanied the military personnel and
Rodolfo Ramírez to his home. There, in circumstances which remain unclear,
an army sergeant shot and wounded Carlos Achucarro and a soldier shot and killed
Bernardo Ramírez. Rodolfo Ramírez, who reportedly witnessed the killing, was
released without charge on 22 February.
Amnesty International has no information about an official investigation being
opened into the incident, nor whether the army personnel implicated in the
killing have been placed under arrest pending the outcome of any inquiry.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Since General Andrés Rodríguez took power following a military coup in February
1989, respect for fundamental human rights in Paraguay has improved
significantly. Restrictions on trade unions, political parties and the news
media have been lifted; political prisoners have been released and many
political exiles were allowed to return to the country. Repressive laws
frequently used by the previous government of General Alfredo Stroessner to
detain prisoners of conscience were repealed and steps were taken to bring
to justice some of those responsible for past human rights violations. However,
reports of human rights violations - particularly in the context of land disputes
- continue to be received. Peasant farmers attempting to establish land claims
have been violently expelled by army and police personnel and peasant community
leaders have been subject to arbitrary arrest and ill-treatment. Amnesty
International has received a number of reports in the last three years of the
killing of peasant community leaders in circumstances suggesting extrajudicial
execution.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/express and airmail letters:
- expressing concern at the death of Bernardo Ramírez in circumstances
suggesting he may have been victim of extrajudicial execution;
- requesting an immediate independent inquiry into the killing, in order to
establish responsibility and bring those responsible to justice, the results
of which should be made public.
Page 2 of UA 71/92
APPEALS TO
1) President:
General Andrés Rodríguez
Sr Presidente de la República del Paraguay
Palacio de Gobierno
Asunción, PARAGUAY
Telegrams: General Rodriguez, Asuncion, Paraguary
Salutation: Sr Presidente / Dear President
2) Minister of the Interior:
General Orlando Machuca Vargas
Ministro del Interior
Ministerio del Interior
Estrella y Montevideo
Asunción, PARAGUAY
Telegrams: Ministro del Interior, Asuncion, Paraguay
Salutation: Sr Ministro / Dear Minister
3) Minister of Defence:
Sr Ministro de Defensa Nacional
General Angel Souto Hernández
Ministro de Defensa Nacional
Avda Mcal. López y Vice Pdte. Sánchez
Asunción, PARAGUAY
Telegrams: Ministro Defensa Nacional, Asuncion, Paraguay
Salutation: Sr Ministro / Dear Minister
4) Attorney General:
Dr Luis Escobar Faella
Fiscal General del Estado
Palacio de Justicia
Asunción, PARAGUAY
Telegrams: Fiscal General del Estado, Asuncion, Paraguay
Salutation: Sr Fiscal General del Estado /
Dear Attorney General
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO: diplomatic representatives of Paraguay in your
country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 9 April 1992.

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