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UA 390/94 - Mexico: torture / fear for safety: Demetrio Hernandez Rojas, Felix Fernandez Estrada, Diego Garcia Bautista, Cruz Martinez Hernandez, Eladio Torres Flores, Jaime Laguna Berber

, رقم الوثيقة: AMR 41/020/1994

Demetrio Hernandez Rojas was reportedly tortured following his detention on 19 October in Ciudad Netzahualcoyotl, state of Mexico, by members of the security forces. It is believed that Felix Fernandez Estrada, detained on 20 October, may also have been tortured. Both men took part in the National Democratic Convention (CND) in August 1994, and remain in detention charged in connection with an explosion in Mexico City in January 1994. Arrest warrants have also reportedly been issued against Jaime Laguna Berber, Diego Garcia Bautista, Cruz Martinez Hernandez and Eladio Torres Flores, all participants in the CND. Diego Garcia Bautista has reportedly received threatening phone calls. There are fears that if these people are arrested, they may also be subject to torture and ill-treatment.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 41/20/94
Distr: UA/SC
UA 390/94 Torture/Fear for safety 31 October 1994
MEXICO Demetrio HERNÁNDEZ ROJAS
Félix FERNÁNDEZ ESTRADA
Diego GARCÍA BAUTISTA
Cruz MARTÍNEZ HERNÁNDEZ
Eladio TORRES FLORES
Jaime LAGUNA BERBER
Demetrio Hernández Rojas was reportedly tortured following his detention on
19 October 1994 in Ciudad Netzahualcóyotl, state of México, by members of the
security forces. It is believed that Félix Fernández Estrada, detained on
20 October 1994, may also have been tortured. Reports indicate that Demetrio
Hernández had electricity applied to several parts of his body, was beaten
and nearly suffocated and had carbonated water with chili powder forced into
his nose. Both Demetrio Hernández and Félix Fernández are former political
prisoners and took part in the National Democratic Convention (Convención
Nacional Democrática, CND) in August 1994. They remain in detention, charged
in connection with an explosion in Mexico City in January 1994.
According to reports, the authorities have also issued arrest warrants against
Jaime Laguna Berber, Diego García Bautista, Cruz Martínez Hernández and Eladio
Torres Flores, all participants in the CND. A house formerly occupied by Jaime
Laguna Berber was raided on the night of 20 October by members of the security
forces with the intention of arresting him. Jaime Laguna Berber was not there
at the time. Meanwhile, Diego García Bautista, another former political
prisoner, has reportedly received threatening telephone calls.
Amnesty International fears that these people, if arrested, may be subjected
to torture or ill-treatment and calls for immediate measures to safeguard their
physical integrity.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
The National Democratic Convention was organized by grassroots and human rights
groups in the state of Chiapas during the first week of August 1994, as an
alternative forum to discuss political reform and the general elections.
Members of the Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional (EZLN), Zapatista
Army of National Liberation, who staged an armed uprising in Chiapas in January
1994, were present at the convention.
David Ángel Lozano Tovar, a student activist from the National Autonomous
University of Mexico (UNAM)'s Student Council, who also attended the National
Democratic Convention, was abducted in Mexico City on 2 September 1994 by four
unidentified armed men believed to be members of the security forces. He was
reportedly tortured and questioned about his activities during the CNDH. He
was released on 3 September (see UA 325/94, AMR 41/16/94, 7 September 1994).
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in Spanish or in your own language:
-expressing concern at the reported torture of Demetrio Hernández Rojas at
2
the hands of the security forces;
-requesting a prompt and impartial investigation into these allegations and
calling for those responsible to be brought to justice;
-urging immediate measures to ensure the physical integrity of Félix Fernández
Estrada, Jaime Laguna Berber, Diego García Bautista, Cruz Martínez Hernández
and Eladio Torres Flores.
APPEALS TO
1) President of the Republic
Lic. Carlos Salinas de Gortari
Presidente de la República
Palacio Nacional
06067 México D.F., Mexico
Telegrams: Presidente Salinas, México D.F., Mexico
Telexes: 170937 sppnme; 1774468 sppnme
Faxes: +52 5 271 1764
Salutation: Sr. Presidente/Dear President
2) Interior Minister
Dr Jorge Carpizo McGregor
Secretario de Gobernación
Secretaría de Gobernación
Bucarelli 99, 1er piso
Colonia Juárez
06669 México DF, MEXICO
Telegrams: Secretario Gobernación, México D.F., Mexico
Telexes: 1774376, 1774375
Faxes: +52 5 703 2171
Salutation: Sr. Secretario de Gobernación/Dear Minister
3) Attorney General's Office
Lic Humberto Benítez Treviño
Procurador General de la República
Procuraduría General de la República
Paseo de la Reforma y Violeta
Colonia Guerrero
06300 Mexico DF, MEXICO
Telegrams: Procurador General, Mexico D.F., Mexico
Telexes: 1777572
Faxes: +52 5 626 4430
Salutation: Sr Procurador General/Dear Attorney General
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
1) National Human Rights Commission
Sres.
Comisión Nacional de Derechos Humanos
Periférico Sur 3469
Col San Jerónimo Lídice
10200 México DF, Mexico
2) Daily newspaper
Sr. Editor
El Financiero
Lago Bolsena 176
3
Col. Anáhuac
11320 México DF, Mexico
and to diplomatic representatives of Mexico accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 12 December 1994.

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