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UA 451/91 - Haiti: fear of ill-treatment / legal concern: Dieudonne Jean Baptiste, Duckens Rafael, Abel Pointdujour, Evans Fortune

, رقم الوثيقة: AMR 36/037/1991

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 36/37/91
Distr: UA/SC
UA 451/91 Fear of Ill-treatment/Legal Concern 18 December 1991
HAITI Dieudonné JEAN BAPTISTE
Duckens RAFAEL
Abel POINTDUJOUR
Evans FORTUNE
Amnesty International is concerned for the safety of peasant leader Dieudonné Jean Baptiste,
following his arrest by members of the police in Port-au-Prince on 17 December 1991. His
whereabouts are unknown. Also arrested on the same day were trade unionists, Duckens Rafaël,
Abel Pointdujour and Evans Fortune reportedly by members of the Service d'investigation
et de recherches anti-gang (anti-gang investigation and research service).
Dr. Dieudonné Jean-Baptiste, is a brother of Chavannes Jean-Baptiste, the president of
the Mouvement Paysan de Papaye (MPP), Peasant Movement of Papaye, in Hinche, Central
Department, and also one of the leaders and founder members of the MPP. According to a
relative, he was arrested by members of the police while in hiding in Port-au-Prince.
He had gone into hiding following the 30 September coup d'etat in Haiti. His whereabouts
are unknown.
Duckens Rafaël, the General Secretary of the Sindicat d'Électricité d'Haïti (Electrical
Workers Union of Haiti), as well as union officials Abel Pointdujour and Evans Forture
were all arrested in Port-au-Prince as they were trying to obtain payment for twelve
electrical workers, who had been dismissed since the coup d'Etat. They were reportedly
taken to anti-gang headquarters in Port-au-Prince. Amnesty International is concerned
that they may be ill-treated in custody.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Troops overthrew the democratically elected government of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide,
who took office in Haiti on 7 February 1991, in a coup d'Etat on Monday 30 September.
Since then Amnesty International has learned of widespread human rights violations committed
by the security forces, including a large number of extrajudicial executions, beatings
and mass arrests without warrant. These abuses have been carried out by uniformed security
force agents or, in some occasions, by men in civilian clothes. Amnesty International
has learned of renewed waves of human rights violations, including extrajudicial executions,
arrests without warrant, being carried out by the armed forces following the first
anniversary of the election of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
Trade unionists, along with members of grassroots organizations have been targeted since
the coup d'Etat. Amnesty International learned that Duckens Rafaël and Abel Pointdujour
had been named by the armed forces among a list of trade unionists and members of popular
and grassroots organizations to be targeted for arrest by the security forces following
the coup d'Etat. Peasant groups and grassroots organizations who supported President
Jean-Bertrand Aristide have also been targeted by security forces since the coup d'Etat.
The MPP, a grassroots peasant movement has been a long term target of human rights violations
under successive military governments. Immediately following the coup, on 1 October the
armed forces reportedly went looking for Chavannes Jean-Baptiste. There were also reports
of soldiers being drafted into Payape from Hinche, the departmental capital, to seek out
and arrest the leadership of the MPP. Many of the leaders were alerted and went into hiding,
but the offices of the MPP were ransacked and destroyed by soldiers and substantial community
funds reportedly stolen. On 16 October 1991, Aldajuste Pierre, president of a local
cooperative and a member of the MPP was arrested by soldiers. He was taken to Hince prison
where he was reportedly ill-treated, and as a result is reportedly seriously ill. (See
UA 380/91, AMR 36/23/91, 8 November 1991).
Page 2 of UA 451/91
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/faxes/telephone calls/express and airmail letters:
- expressing concern at the arrest of Dr. Dieudonné Pointdujour and Evans Fortune;
- asking that their legal situation be clarified and their whereabouts be made known;
- asking that if in custody that they be treated humanely.
APPEALS TO:
1) President:
Son Excellence Monsieur le Président / Dear President
Maître Joseph C. NERETTE
Président de la République d'Haïti
Palais National
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
Telegrams: President Nerette, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telephone: + 509 22 4020
Telexes: 20068 palais or 20551 specexec
Faxes: + 509 23 2121
2) Prime Minister:
Maître Jean-Jacques HONORAT Monsieur le Premier Ministre /
Premier Ministre, Ministre Dear Prime Minister
des Affaires Etrangères
Présidence de la République de Haïti
Palais National
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
Telegrams: Premier Ministre Honorat, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Faxes: + 509 22 1147
3) Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces:
Monsieur le Général Raoul CEDRAS Monsieur le Général / Dear General
Commandant-en-Chef des Forces Armées d'Haïti
Grand Quartier Général des Forces Armées d'Haïti
Rue Geffrard
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
Telegrams: Comandant-en-Chef des Forces Armees Cedras, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telephone: + 509 22 3935
Telexes: 20391 GQFADH
Faxes: + 509 23 9007; + 509 23 9407
4) Head of the Police:
Monsieur le Majeur Michel FRANÇOIS Monsieur le Majeur / Dear Major
Chef de la Police Nationale
Grand Quartier Général de la Police
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
Telegrams: Chef de la Police Nationale, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
COPIES TO:
Chamber of Deputies:
Monsieur le Président
Chambre des Députés
Assemblée National
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
President of the Senate:
Maître Eudrice RAYMOND
Président du Sénat
Assemblée Nationale
Port-au-Prince, Haïti
Haiti en Marche (newspaper)
173 N.W. 94 St
Miami
FL 33150, USA
and to diplomatic representatives of Haiti in your country. [Please note: Haiti's diplomatic
representations still represent the government of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.]
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section
office, if sending appeals after 29 January 1992.

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