EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 36/30/94
UA 281/94 "Disappearance" / Extrajudicial Executions /
Fear for Safety 20 July 1994
HAITIMoise PAUL, Coordinator of the Union des jeunes Patriotes de Drouillard,
Union of Young Patriots of Drouillard
Emile GEORGES, member of the Plateforme des organisations Populaires de la
Cité Soleil, Platform of Popular Organizations of Cité Soleil
Massacre of at least 12 people
Moise Paul and Emile Georges, both supporters of President Aristide,
"disappeared" on 16 and 18 July 1994 respectively. Amnesty International is
extremely concerned for their safety and for the safety of all Aristide
supporters, particularly following a massacre, allegedly by members of the
armed forces, of at least a dozen people on 11/12 July.
Moise Paul and Emile Georges "disappeared" from Cité Soleil, a slum on the
outskirts of Haiti, in unknown circumstances. However, given the current pattern
of human rights violations by the security forces directed at Aristide
supporters, particularly in that area, it is believed that they may have been
abducted by the military or by attachés (armed auxiliaries).
A few days earlier, on the morning of 12 July, the bodies of several unidentified
men were found in Morne-à-Bateau, a small town near Gressier, some 20km south
of Port-au-Prince. The bodies, which all had bullet holes in them, had been
buried in three graves. A local resident says that he was woken up and forced
to help bury the bodies. He claims that there may have been as many as 30
bodies - the face of one had exploded from the impact of the bullet. Apparently,
on the nights of the 11 and 12 July, searches by the military were carried
out all along the Gressier road.
It is not believed that the victims were from Morne-à-Bateau, or that they
had been killed there, since local residents apparently did not hear any shots.
According to another source, the dead were part of a group of 21 Haitians arrested
by the local section chief (an army officer who controls the countryside).
According to a human rights organization in Haiti, people they have interviewed
claim that the massacre took place following celebrations of the victory of
Brazil in the World Cup football match against Holland on 9 July. Apparently
the celebrations turned into a pro-Aristide demonstration and the military
then attacked the participants.
These incidents came shortly after an expulsion order by the military-backed
regime to the UN/Organization of American States International Civilian Mission
to Haiti (ICM). Most of the approximately 100 members of the Mission left the
country on 13 July 1994. Following this expulsion and continuing speculation
about the possibility of foreign armed intervention in the country, it is feared
the situation could deteriorate further.
Human rights violations have continued at an alarming level in Haiti. Most
of the victims appear to have been targeted because of their support for the
return of President Aristide. The number of apparent extrajudicial executions
during the last few months is reminiscent of September-October 1993 when