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UA 281/94 - Haiti: "disappearance" / extrajudicial executions / fear for safety: Moise Paul, Emile Georges; and massacre of at least 12 people

, رقم الوثيقة: AMR 36/030/1994

Moise Paul and Emile Georges, both supporters of President Aristide, "disappeared" on 16 and 18 July 1994 respectively from Cite Soleil, a slum on the outskirts of Port-au-Prince. It is believed that they may have been abducted by the military or by attaches. Concern for their safety is heightened by reports of a massacre of at least 12 people after their bodies were found on 12 July in the small town of Morne-a-Bateau. It is reported that the massacre occurred after the military attacked participants in a pro-Aristide demonstration.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AMR 36/30/94
Distr: UA/SC
UA 281/94 "Disappearance" / Extrajudicial Executions /
Fear for Safety 20 July 1994
HAITIMoise PAUL, Coordinator of the Union des jeunes Patriotes de Drouillard,
Union of Young Patriots of Drouillard
Emile GEORGES, member of the Plateforme des organisations Populaires de la
Cité Soleil, Platform of Popular Organizations of Cité Soleil
Massacre of at least 12 people
Moise Paul and Emile Georges, both supporters of President Aristide,
"disappeared" on 16 and 18 July 1994 respectively. Amnesty International is
extremely concerned for their safety and for the safety of all Aristide
supporters, particularly following a massacre, allegedly by members of the
armed forces, of at least a dozen people on 11/12 July.
Moise Paul and Emile Georges "disappeared" from Cité Soleil, a slum on the
outskirts of Haiti, in unknown circumstances. However, given the current pattern
of human rights violations by the security forces directed at Aristide
supporters, particularly in that area, it is believed that they may have been
abducted by the military or by attachés (armed auxiliaries).
A few days earlier, on the morning of 12 July, the bodies of several unidentified
men were found in Morne-à-Bateau, a small town near Gressier, some 20km south
of Port-au-Prince. The bodies, which all had bullet holes in them, had been
buried in three graves. A local resident says that he was woken up and forced
to help bury the bodies. He claims that there may have been as many as 30
bodies - the face of one had exploded from the impact of the bullet. Apparently,
on the nights of the 11 and 12 July, searches by the military were carried
out all along the Gressier road.
It is not believed that the victims were from Morne-à-Bateau, or that they
had been killed there, since local residents apparently did not hear any shots.
According to another source, the dead were part of a group of 21 Haitians arrested
by the local section chief (an army officer who controls the countryside).
According to a human rights organization in Haiti, people they have interviewed
claim that the massacre took place following celebrations of the victory of
Brazil in the World Cup football match against Holland on 9 July. Apparently
the celebrations turned into a pro-Aristide demonstration and the military
then attacked the participants.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
These incidents came shortly after an expulsion order by the military-backed
regime to the UN/Organization of American States International Civilian Mission
to Haiti (ICM). Most of the approximately 100 members of the Mission left the
country on 13 July 1994. Following this expulsion and continuing speculation
about the possibility of foreign armed intervention in the country, it is feared
the situation could deteriorate further.
Human rights violations have continued at an alarming level in Haiti. Most
of the victims appear to have been targeted because of their support for the
return of President Aristide. The number of apparent extrajudicial executions
during the last few months is reminiscent of September-October 1993 when
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attachés carried out a campaign of intimidation and abuses against President
Aristide's followers, aimed at blocking his return, which had been projected
for 30 October 1993. The latest report by the ICM before it left Haiti reported
that some 350 people had been extrajudicially executed this year.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in French or English or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the "disappearance" of Moise Paul and Emile Georges
on 16 and 18 July 1994 respectively, and urging that their whereabouts be
immediately clarified;
- urging that if they have been detained, their physical security be guaranteed
and that they be granted access to a lawyer, a doctor and relatives;
- asking that they be charged with a recognisable criminal offence or else
released immediately;
- expressing concern about the massacre, allegedly by members of the military,
of at least 12 people, whose bodies were found in Morne-à-Bateau, near Gressier
on 12 July;
- urging for immediate inquiries into the killings, that the findings be made
public and those found responsible be brought to justice;
- urging that steps be taken to guarantee the safety of all supporters of
President Aristide.
APPEALS TO
Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces:
Monsieur le Général Raoul CEDRAS
Commandant-en-Chef des Forces armées d'Haiti
Grand Quartier général des Forces armées d'Haiti
Rue Geffrard
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telegrams: Commandant-en-Chef des Forces armées d'Haiti Général Cédras,
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telephone: + 509 22 3935
Telexes: 20391 gqfadh
Faxes: + 509 23 9007, + 509 23 9407
Salutation: Monsieur le Général / Dear General
Chief of National Police:
Monsieur le Lt.Colonel Michel FRANÇOIS
Chef de la Police Nationale
Grand Quartier Général de la Police
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telegrams: Chef, Police Nationale, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Salutation: Monsieur le Lt. Colonel / Dear Lt. Colonel
Army Chief of Staff:
Monsieur le Brigadier Général
Philippe BIAMBY
Chef d'Etat-Major Général
Grand Quartier Général des
Forces Armées d'Haïti
Rue Geffrard
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telegrams: Chef d'Etat-Major Général, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Telex: 20391 gqfadh
Salutation: Monsieur Monsieur le Brigadier Général / Dear Brigadier General
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COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
Human Rights Organization:
Commission de l'Ogith des Droits Humains et Syndicaux (CODDHUS)
Route de Delmas et Delmas 11
No. 121 bis, 2ème étage
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Newspaper (weekly):
Haiti en Marche
173 N.W. 94 St.
Miami, FL 33150, USA
and to diplomatic representatives of Haiti accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 31 August 1994.

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