• الحملات

Guatemala: Further information on extrajudicial execution: Mons. Juan Gerardi Condera

, رقم الوثيقة: AMR 34/001/1999

Olman Alexis Viera Rodríguez, who may have had information about the murder of Bishop Juan José Gerardi, was shot dead in his home on 4 January 1999. According to a new theory Olman Alexis Viera Rodríguez and the criminal gang he belonged to were involved in the bishop's murder.

PUBLIC AI Index: AMR 34/01/99
7 January 1999
Further information on UA 139/98 (AMR 34/16/98, 1 May 1998) and follow-ups
(AMR 34/34/98, 1 December 1998; and AMR 34/21/98, 15 May 1998) - Extrajudicial
Execution
GUATEMALAMons. Juan José Gerardi Conadera
Olman Alexis Viera Rodríguez, who may have had information about the murder
of Bishop Juan José Gerardi, was shot dead in his home on 4 January 1999.
According to a new theory advanced by a former judge conducting a private
investigation of the killing, Olman Alexis Viera Rodríguez and the criminal
gang he belonged to were involved in the bishop’s murder.
According to the former judge, the Valle del Sol (Valley of the Sun) gang operates
with the cooperation of prominent members of the church curia. He claims that
gang members murdered Bishop Juan José Gerardi after he learned that they had
been stealing valuable artefacts from Guatemalan churches. They then killed
Olman Alexis Viera Rodríguez because he had told prosecutors the names of the
gang’s leaders and the way it operates. Prosecutors investigating the bishop’s
murder had named Olman Alexis Viera Rodríguez in an indictment as a possible
witness.
Bishop Gerardi was murdered as he returned home two days after presiding over
the presentation to the Guatemalan people of the church’s report into the
atrocities committed over more than three decades of civil conflict in
Guatemala. Based on a three year study of over 55,000 reported human rights
violations, the report concluded that some 79% had been carried out by the
security forces. Bishop Gerardi had been a moving force behind the project.
The government promised a full inquiry into the murder, but after nine months
of investigation the crime remains unsolved. The authorities have insisted
that Bishop Juan José Gerardi was the victim of a common crime or a crime of
passion, and have ignored calls from local NGOs and from the former Attorney
General of Guatemala, Acisclo Valladares, to pursue leads which suggest the
murder was politically motivated. Acisclo Valladares was commissioned by the
Guatemalan Catholic church to examine the investigation by the authorities
into the murder of Bishop Gerardi. He concluded that Bishop Juan José Gerardi’s
murder was probably an extrajudicial execution.
Amnesty International remains deeply concerned at the apparent shortcomings
and bias of the official investigation of Bishop Juan Gerardi’s murder and
at the failure to protect possible witnesses. It fears that the explanation
advanced by the former judge is intended to distract attention from the fact
that the killing was politically motivated and may have involved serving or
former military personnel, including two of the former judge’s relatives.
FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send e-mails/telegrams/telexes/faxes/
express/ airmail letters in Spanish or in your own language:
- urging the authorities to fully investigate the murder of Olman Alexis Viera
Rodríguez and bring those responsible to justice;
- urging the authorities to protect possible witness who could help solve the
crime;
-urging the authorities to widen their investigation into the murder of Bishop
Gerardi, taking account of the report of Acisclo Valladares, which found that
2
the bishop was probably extrajudicially executed, possibly with the involvement
of serving or former military personnel;
-urging the authorities to bring to justice anyone found to have been involved
in the Bishop Juan Gerardi’s murder regardless of their position;
-reminding the government of Guatemala of its commitment to the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights, in particular Article 3, “Everyone has the right
to life, liberty and security of person."
APPEALS TO:
President of the Republic of Guatemala
S.E. Álvaro Arzú Irigoyen, Presidente de la República de Guatemala
Palacio Nacional, Calle y Avenida, Zona 1, Ciudad de Guatemala , GUATEMALA
Tel: + 502 221 4545
Faxes: + 502 221 4537
E-mails: alvaroarzu@guate.net/alvaroarzu@guateconnect.com
Salutation: Excelentísimo Sr. Presidente / Dear President
Minister of Foreign Relations
Lic. Eduardo Stein, Ministro de Relaciones Exteriores
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Palacio Nacional, Calle y Avenida, Zona 1, Ciudad de Guatemala , GUATEMALA
Tel: + 502 221 4428 Ext.475
Faxes: + 502 251 8445
E-mails: mint@mieno.gt
Salutation: Señor Ministro / Dear Minister
Private Secretary to the President
Sr. Gustavo Porras, Secretario Privado del Presidente dela República
Palacio Nacional, Calle y Avenida, Zona 1, Ciudad de Guatemala , GUATEMALA
Tel: + 502 251 45 45 Ext.282
Salutation: Señor Secretario / Dear Secretary
Attorney General
Lic. Carlos García Regás, Procurador General de la Nación
Procuraduría General de la Nación
15 Avenida 9-69, Zona 13, Ciudad de Guatemala , GUATEMALA
Tel: + 502 331 1006
Faxes: + 502 334 8465
Salutation: Señor Procurador / Dear Attorney General
COPIES TO:
Human Rights Office of the Archbishopric
Oficina de Derechos Humanos del Arzobispado de Guatemala (ODHA)
6a Calle 7-70, Apartado Postal 723, Zona 1, Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Faxes: + 502 232 8384
E-mails: ODHAGUA@pronet.net.gt
http://www.guateconnect.com.odhagua
Daily newspaper
Diario Siglo 21, 7ª Avenida 11-63 Edificio Galerías España, Nivel 6, Zona 9,
Ciudad de Guatemala, GUATEMALA
Tel: + 502 360 7004 / 360 6904
Faxes: + 502 360 9145
E-mails: buzon21@sigloxxi.com
Salutation: Estimados Señores / Dear Sirs
3
and to diplomatic representatives of Guatemala accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 18 February 1999.
"Everyone has the right to life,
liberty and security of person"
Article 3, Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Visit the Amnesty International UDHR campaign website on http://www.amnesty.excite.com

اختر لغة لاستعراض التقرير