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UA 117/93 - Sudan: legal concern / fear of torture: Habib Sarnoub al-Daw, Dr Ibrahim al-Amin, Fadlalla Burma Nasir, Siddiq Mohammed el-Tom, Dr Tayseer Mohammed Ahmed Ali, Ibrahim Ali Abdelgadir Fageer and his son El- Sadiq Ibrahim, Hamid Mohammed Hamid, A

, رقم الوثيقة: AFR 54/011/1993

Amnesty International is concerned at the arrest of the above named men reportedly between 9 April and 16 April 1993. All those arrested are reportedly members of the Umma Party, whose leader, Sadiq al-Mahdi was arrested and interrogated for 24 hours on 5 April, after calling for a return to a multi-party system in Sudan. Amnesty International is concerned that the above men, arrested on suspicion of engaging in a plot against the government, have been detained solely for engaging in their fundamental right to freedom of expression and association, and considers them to be prisoners of conscience.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 54/11/93
Distr: UA/SC
UA 117/93 Legal Concern/Fear of Torture 19 April 1993
SUDAN: Habib Sarnoub al-Daw, ex-Member of Parliament
Dr Ibrahim al-Amin, ex-cabinet member
Fadlalla Burma Nasir, former State Minister
Siddiq Mohammed el-Tom, student
Dr Tayseer Mohammed Ahmed Ali, lecturer in political science
Ibrahim Ali Abdelgadir Fageer
and his son El-Sadiq Ibrahim
Hamid Mohammed Hamid, lawyer
Ahmed al-Mahdi, uncle of Sadiq al-Mahdi
Mohammed Abdel-Rahim and 20 others (names not known)
Mohammed Yussuf Hassan and nine others (names not known)
Amnesty International is concerned at the arrest and for the safety of the individuals
above, all of whom were reportedly arrested between 9 April and 16 April 1993. Those
arrested are reportedly members of the Umma Party, whose leader, Sadiq al-Mahdi,
was interrogated for 24 hours on 5 April 1993 after calling for a return to a multi-party
political system in Sudan. It appears that the individuals concerned have been arrested
on suspicion that members of the Umma Party were engaging in a plot against the
government.
Habib Sarnoub al-Daw, Dr Ibrahim al-Amin, Fadlalla Burma Nasir, and Siddiq Mohammed
el-Tom were arrested on 10, 11, and 12 April 1993 respectively. Their arrest appears
to be connected to a demonstration which took place on 9 April 1993 in Omdurman after
Friday prayers led by Sadiq al-Mahdi. There are reports that dozens of others were
arrested during and after the demonstration and subjected to beatings in the course
of being interrogated. It appears that some of those arrested were released the
following day. Dr Tayseer Mohammed Ahmed Ali was reportedly arrested on 11 April
1993 after he gave a lecture at Omdurman University. Ibrahim Ali Abdelgadir Fageer
and his son El-Sadiq Ibrahim were reportedly arrested in Ed Dueim town in White Nile
province around the same time.
Ahmed al-Mahdi, an uncle of Sadiq al-Mahdi, has reportedly been arrested in Khartoum.
His son, Mohammed Ahmed Mahdi, was reportedly earlier taken from his home by security
officials, badly beaten and left unconscious before being found and taken back home.
Hamid Mohammed Hamid, a lawyer and member of the political bureau of the Umma Party,
was arrested on 12 April 1993.
Mohammed Abdel-Rahim and 20 others were arrested over the past few days in El-Obeid
and Mohammed Yussuf Hassan and nine others were arrested in Wad Medani over the same
period.
Amnesty International is concerned that the above individuals have been arrested
solely for engaging in their internationally recognized fundamental right to freedom
of expression and association and considers them to be prisoners of conscience. Amnesty
International is also concerned that as they appear to be suspected of opposing the
government they are likely to have to undergo intensive interrogation with a high
risk of torture.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
The recent crackdown on Umma party members began on 5 April 1993 when Sadiq al-Mahdi,
former Prime Minister and leader of the Umma Party, was held for 24 hours for
questioning. On 25 March 1993 he gave a speech during the Eid feast to mark
the end of Ramadan in which he called for a return to a multi-party political system
in Sudan and referred to the current suffering of the Sudanese people.
Page 2 of UA 117/93
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/express and airmail letters
either in English or Arabic, or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the arrest between 9 and 16 April 1993 of the individuals
above who appear to Amnesty International to be prisoners of conscience, that is
people imprisoned solely because of exercising their internationally recognised
rights to freedom of expression and freedom of association;
- expressing concern at their continuing detention without charge or trial and fear
that they may be subjected to torture;
- urging that they be humanely treated, that their whereabouts in custody be made
public and that they have immediate and regular access to their families, lawyers
and any necessary medical attention;
- urging that they be immediately and unconditionally released.
APPEALS TO
1) His Excellency Lieutenant General Omar Hassan al-Bashir
Head of State and Chairman of the National Salvation Revolutionary Command
Council
People's Palace Salutation: Your Excellency
PO Box 281
Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Lt Gen Omar Hassan al-Bashir, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22385 PEPLC SD or 22411 KAID SD
2) Brigadier-General al-Zubeir Mohamed Saleh
Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of the Interior and Deputy Chairman of the
National Salvation Revolutionary Command Council
People's Palace
PO Box 281 Salutation: Dear Deputy Prime Minister
Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Brig-Gen al-Zubeir Mohamed Saleh, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22842 WZARA SD or 22604 IPOL SD
3) Mr Abdullah Idris
Minister of Justice and Attorney-General
Ministry of Justice Salutation: Dear Minister
Khartoum, Sudan
Telegrams: Minister of Justice Idris, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22459 KHRJA SD or 22461 KHRJA SD (via Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
COPIES TO:
1) Mr Jalal Ali Lutfi
Chief Justice
Law Courts
Khartoum, Sudan
2) Mr Ali Sahloul
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
PO Box 873, Khartoum, Sudan
3) Dr A. al-Mufti
Secretary of Human Rights Commission*
Khartoum, Sudan
* The Human Rights Commission is a government-backed body, nominally independent,
apparently created to counter what the government perceives as hostile human rights
propaganda.
and to diplomatic representatives of Sudan accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your
section office, if sending appeals after 31 May 1993.

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