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UA 87/94 - South Africa: fear of extrajudicial execution: Enoch Nzuza, Mandla Nzuza (see also related UA 76/92 (AFR 53/05/92, 5 March 1992; and follow-ups AFR 53/18/92, 28 August 1992 and AFR 53/01/93, 29 January 1993))

, رقم الوثيقة: AFR 53/015/1994

There is concern for the safety of Enoch Nzuza, a trade union organizer and African National Congress (ANC) member, and for members of his family, following recent attacks on them by armed men acting with the acquiescence of the local police. Enoch Nzuza is Northern Natal North regional organizer for the National Union of Metal Workers of South Africa (NUMSA), and has survived at lease two previous assassination attempts. On 12 February 1994 unidentified men forced his car off the road and fired at him. On 20 February two men entered his home and shot his brother, Mandla Nzuza, in the neck and thigh. He survived the attack, but the police showed little interest in investigating the incident. There are fears that those responsible are linked to the local Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP)-aligned chief, Boy Mzimela.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 53/15/94
Distr: UA/SC
UA 87/94 Fear of Extrajudicial execution 4 March 1994
SOUTH AFRICA: Enoch NZUZA, National Union of Metalworkers of South
Africa (NUMSA) regional organizer, and African National
Congress (ANC) member
Mandla NZUZA, Enoch Nzuza's brother
Amnesty International is gravely concerned for the safety of Enoch Nzuza, a
trade union organizer and African National Congress (ANC) member, and for
members of his family, following recent attacks on them by armed men acting
with the acquiescence of the local police.
Enoch Nzuza is Northern Natal North regional organizer for the National Union
of Metal Workers of South Africa (NUMSA). He has survived at least two previous
assassination attempts (see AFR 53/18/92, 28 August 1992). He and his family
have suffered constant harassment from members of the South African Police,
who have aggressively searched their home - in the Ndlangubo Reserve, a rural
village west of Empangeni - on numerous occasions, including most recently
in late December 1993.
On the evening of 12 February 1994, unidentified men in a white van forced
Enoch Nzuza's vehicle off the road he was driving near his home. The occupants
of the white van opened fire on him and the two companions he was travelling
with. When they returned fire the attackers fled. Although his car was
wrecked, Enoch Nzuza and his companions were apparently not seriously injured.
On 20 February two men entered the family's home and shot Mandla Nzuza, one
of Enoch's younger brothers. The attackers shot him in the neck and left thigh,
before running away from the house. Mandla Nzuza survived the attack. The
family reported the shooting to the police, who went to the hospital to question
Mandla. They did not visit the scene of the shooting until 3 March. They
showed little interest in searching for forensic evidence, such as spent
cartridges, and did not take a statement from Mandla or other possible witnesses.
However they requested Mandla report to the Mtunzini police station. As a
consequence of the reputation of this police station for collusion with the
perpetrators of politically-motivated attacks in the area, the family fear
the consequences of complying with this request.
Although the perpetrators of these two recent attacks have not been publicly
identified, there are fears that those responsible are linked to the local
Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP)-aligned chief, Boy Mzimela. He reportedly uses
KwaZulu Policemen as bodyguards and has publicly stated he would kill any member
of his family known to be an ANC sympathiser. In 1990 Enoch Nzuza assisted
three members of the Mzimela family in a legal suit challenging the appointment
of Boy Mzimela as the successor to the chieftanship. From December 1990 through
June 1992, the three men involved in this legal suit were murdered. In August
1993, two other members of the family, who were ANC regional branch officials
and one of them a NUMSA shop-steward, were shot dead in Esikhawini township,
reportedly by members of the KwaZulu Police. No-one has been brought to justice
for these murders.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Northern Natal coastal region is a tense area dominated politically by the
IFP and the KwaZulu "homeland" authorities, under the leadership of the IFP
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President, Mangosuthu Gatsha Buthelezi, who is also Chief Minister and Minister
of Police in the "homeland". Since 1990 this region has experienced a high
level of political violence, largely characterized by IFP attacks on members
of the ANC and ANC-aligned trade unions. Both the South African Police and
the KwaZulu Police, which have jurisdiction in different magisterial districts
of this region, have failed to protect people vulnerable to attack and have
sometimes directly colluded in IFP attacks.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in English or in your own language:
- expressing concern for the safety of Enoch Nzuza, NUMSA regional organizer,
and his family, following attacks on them in February 1994 by armed men,
operating apparently with the acquiescence of the KwaZulu and South African
Police in the Natal North Coast area;
- urging that immediate steps are taken for the protection of Enoch Nzuza and
his family, in accordance with their wishes;
- urging that the authorities order an immediate and impartial investigation
into the attacks on Enoch Nzuza and his family, and that the perpetrators are
brought to justice;
- urging the authorities to exercise their responsibility to protect the lives
of all South Africans, by making available to them an impartial police force
willing to respond promptly to calls for assistance and willing to investigate
and arrest the perpetrators of attacks, irrespective of political affiliation.
APPEALS TO:
1) Mr F W de Klerk
State President
State President's Office
Private Bag X83
Pretoria 0001
South Africa
Telegrams: President de Klerk, Pretoria, South Africa
Faxes:+ 27 12 323 3982
Salutation: Dear President
2) Lieutenant-General W H Steyn
Regional Police Commissioner, Natal
P O Box 391
Durban 4000, South Africa
Telegrams: Natal Regional Police Commissioner, Durban, South Africa
Salutation: Dear Commissioner
3) General During
Commissioner of Police
KwaZulu Department of Police
Private Bag X14
Ulundi 3838
South Africa
Telegrams: Police Commissioner During, Ulundi, South Africa
Salutation: Dear Commissioner
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
- The Station Commander, Mtunzini Police Station, Mtunzini 3867, South Africa
- Human Rights Commission, Natal Office, 20 St Andrews Street, Durban 4001,
South Africa
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- National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa (NUMSA), PO Box 1714, Empangeni
3880, South Africa
- Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU), Head Office, PO Box 1019,
Johannesburg 2000
and to diplomatic representatives of South Africa accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 15 April 1994.

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