• الحملات

UA 110/94 - Djibouti: extrajudicial executions / fear for safety: At least 20 civilians and Ahmed Nouho Bari, Houmed Firgo Houmed, Mohamed Ali Ahmed; Abdo Ismail Moussa, Ali Houmed Hassan, Osman Abdallah Ali, Ahmed Moutouma Afkada, Moussa Ali Dini; Afada

, رقم الوثيقة: AFR 23/002/1994

At least 36 civilians from the Afar ethnic group have been killed by government soldiers between 3 and 10 March in the north of the country. There has been renewed fighting in this area between goverment forces and the Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy (FRUD). The victims included five members of one family, including two children, and in a seperate incident, a woman who was five months pregnant. Incidents have been reported from Adailou, Terdo, Ayri and Bolli, in the Mabla and Oueima regions.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 23/02/94
Distr: UA/SC
UA 110/94 Extrajudicial executions / fear for safety
17 March 1994
DJIBOUTI: Extrajudicial executions, 3 - 10 March 1994:
AT ADAÏLOU: At least twenty civilians and Ahmed Nouho Bari, Houmed Firgo Houmed,
Mohamed Ali Ahmed
AT TERDO, MABLA REGION:Abdo Ismail Moussa, 60, Ali Houmed Hassan, 78, Osman
Abdallah Ali, 60 (school caretaker) and two children,
Ahmed Moutouma Afkada, 9, and Moussa Ali Dini, 6
AT AYRI, MABLA REGION:Afada Houmed Otbam, Ismail Omar Houmed, Ahmed Omar Houmed,
Mohamed Ali Dini, Hassan Ali Olma, Hassan Ali Derkala,
Mohamed Ahmed Afkada
AT BOLLI: Amina Houmed Daido (f), (five months pregnant and on
or about 9 March and mother of four children)
Amnesty International has received reports of further extrajudicial executions
of at least 36 civilians from the Afar ethnic group by government soldiers
between 3 and 10 March in the regions of Mabla and Oueima in the north of the
country. There has been renewed fighting in this area between government forces
and the Front pour la restauration de l'unité et de la démocratie (FRUD, Front
for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy), which is mainly supported by members
of the Afar ethnic group in the north. Amnesty International fears for the
safety of other civilians from the Afar community.
At least 20 civilians were reportedly killed near Adaïlou following the shelling
by soldiers of a cave in which the victims had sought refuge. Other civilians
from the same area, including Ahmed Nouho Bari, Houmed Firgo Houmed and Mohamed
Ali Ahmed, are also reported to have been executed. At Terdo in the Mabla
region five family members from an Afar nomad camp, including two children,
(named above) were allegedly executed by government forces. Seven other
civilians (named above) are also reported to have been arrested and later killed
at Ayri, also in the Mabla region. In Oueima region government forces are
said to have deliberately killed at least 20 civilians. In a separate incident
at Bolli a woman, Amina Houmed Daido, who was five months pregnant, was
reportedly deliberately killed by soldiers.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Between 3 and 10 March 1994 the Djibouti government reportedly carried out
a new military offensive against the FRUD in the regions of Mabla and Oueima
in the north of Djibouti. It would seem that these recent abuses, also including
rape and torture, have been further reprisal actions against civilians from
the Afar community. Government forces are also reported to have destroyed
wells, livestock and food supplies and looted and burned property.
FRUD has been fighting the government since 1991. A pattern of major human
rights abuses by government forces has been reported, with particularly serious
incidents in August and September 1993 and January 1994 (see UA 328/93, 16
September 1993 and UA 06/94, 12 January 1994).
2
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail
letters either in French or in your own language:
- expressing concern at the reports of extrajudicial executions mentioned above
(cite some names);
- calling for an urgent independent investigation into the reports of the
deliberate killings of civilians during the course of military action against
FRUD and that any members of the security forces responsible for these abuses
be brought to justice;
- urging the authorities to give clear public instructions to the armed forces
prohibiting unlawful and arbitrary killings of unarmed civilians.
APPEALS TO:
1) Son Excellence Hassan Gouled Aptidon
Président de la République, La Présidence, BP 6
Djibouti, République de Djibouti
Telegrams: Président Hassan Gouled, Djibouti
Telexes: 5871 DJ
Faxes: + 253 355049 / + 253 350174
Salutation: Monsieur le Président de la République
2) Monsieur Ahmed Boulaleh Barreh
Ministre de la Défense nationale, Ministère de la Défense nationale
BP 1905, Djibouti, République de Djibouti
Telegrams: Ministre de la Défense Barreh, Djibouti
Telexes: 5871 DJ
Faxes: + 253 355049 / + 253 350174
Salutation: Monsieur le Ministre
3) Monsieur Idriss Harbi Farah
Ministre de l'Intérieure, Ministère de l'Intérieure
BP 2086, Djibouti, République de Djibouti
Telegrams: Ministre de l'Intérieure Farah, Djibouti
Telexes: 5871 DJ
Faxes: + 253 355049 / + 253 350174
Salutation: Monsieur le Ministre
4) Monsieur Moumin Bahdon Farah
Ministre de la Justice, Ministère de la Justice
BP 12, Djibouti, République de Djibouti
Telegrams: Ministre de la Justice Farah, Djibouti
Telexes: 5871 DJ
Faxes: + 253 355049 / + 253 350174
Salutation: Monsieur le Ministre
COPIES TO:
Monsieur Mohamed Ali Afkada, Procureur Général, BP 12, Djibouti,
République de Djibouti
Faxes: + 253 355049 / + 253 350174
Monsieur Badoul Said Ibrahim
Président de l'Assemblée National
BP 138, Djibouti, République de Djibouti
BP 138, Djibouti, République de Djibouti
Association pour la défense des droits de l'homme et des libertés
BP 2410, Djibouti, République de Djibouti
3
and to diplomatic representatives of Djibouti accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 28 April 1994.

اختر لغة لاستعراض التقرير