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UA 380/93 - Chad: extrajudicial execution / fear of torture / incommunicado detention: Abbass Koty, Bichara Digui, Ahmat Digui, Adoum Badour, Mahamat Koussou, and at least 20 soldiers believed to be Abbass Koty supporters

, رقم الوثيقة: AFR 20/030/1993

There is concern that Abbass Koty, an opponent of President Idriss Deby, appears to have been extrajudicially executed in the capital N'Djamena on 22 October by members of the Republican Guard. The government has claimed that he died as a result of gunshot injuries sustained at the time of his arrest, but this claim has been disputed. The Minister of the Interior had alleged that Abbass Koty was in possesion of a plan to stage a coup attempt. A number of suspected supporters of Abbass Koty have since been arrested. Several people are believed to be held incommunicado and there is concern they may be tortured or ill-treated in custody, denied legal rights, and held for a long period without trial.

EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 20/30/93
Distr: UA/SC
UA 380/93 Extrajudicial execution/Fear of torture
Incommunicado detention 28 October 1993
CHAD: Abbass Koty, former minister
Bichara Digui, executive member of the Comité national de
redressement (CNR), National Committee of Redressment,
Ahmat Digui, brother of Bichara Digui
Adoum Badour, businessman
Mahamat Koussou, soldier
and at least 20 soldiers believed to be Abbass Koty supporters
Amnesty International is concerned that Abbass Koty, an opponent of President
Idriss Déby, appears to have been extrajudicially executed in the capital
N'Djamena on 22 October 1993 by members of the Garde républicaine, Republican
Guard. The exact circumstances of his killing remain unclear. The Chadian
government has claimed that he died as a result of gunshot injuries sustained
at the time of his arrest, although this claim has been disputed. The Minister
of the Interior had alleged Abbas Koty was in possession of a plan to stage
a coup attempt.
A number of suspected supporters of Abbass Koty have since been arrested in
the Chadian capital, N'Djamena. Amnesty International fears that they may
be tortured or ill-treated in custody, denied legal rights and held for a long
period without trial.
Four arrests were carried out on 22 October by members of the Republican Guard;
they include Bichara Digui, Ahmat Digui, Adoum Badour and Mahamat Koussou.
The Chadian authorities have issued a press statement claiming that their case
has been referred to the Judiciary, but Amnesty International has not been
able to confirm this and believes they are being held incommunicado. Their
place of detention is unknown.
Several members of the armed forces, many of whom are believed to be suspected
of supporting Abbass Koty, were apparently also arrested between 22 and 25
October. They are believed to be in incommunicado detention at the Gendarmerie
headquarters or at the Agence nationale de la curité, (ANS), National Security
Agency. It is not known whether they have been charged with any offence or
their cases referred to the judiciary.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Abbass Koty, former army chief of staff (chef d'Etat Major) and ex-minister
in the government of Idriss Déby, fled into exile in June 1992, following an
alleged coup attempt in which he was suspected of involvement. Since then,
he led the Comité national de redressement (CNR) as an armed opposition force
to fight against the Chadian army in western Chad. He returned to Chad after
2
signing a Peace Accord on 17 October 1993 with representatives of the Chadian
President in the Libyan capital, Tripoli. Under the conditions of the agreement
the CNR renounced hostilities and was to become a political party and its armed
members incorporated into the Chadian national army.
More than 800 people, many of them unarmed civilians, have been extrajudicially
executed since President Idriss Déby came to power in December 1990. Many
of them have been killed in custody or died during attacks by members of the
security forces on known or suspected government opponents or members of their
ethnic groups. The Republican Guard is understood to be responsible for the
majority of the killings. Torture of political opponents has been widespread.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes and airmail letters
in English, French or your own language:
- expressing concern at the apparent extrajudicial execution of Abbass Koty
and urging the government to open a thorough and impartial inquiry into his
death;
- expressing concern at the detention of Bichara Digui, other CNR officials
and over 20 members of the Chadian army who may be held solely for their political
affiliation;
- seeking assurances that they are not being subjected to torture or
ill-treatment and urging that they be given immediate access to lawyers,
relatives and medical treatment, and that their names and place of detention
be made public at once;
- asking that unless they are promptly charged with a recognizable criminal
offence and brought to trial in conformity with international standards of
fairness, that they be released immediately and unconditionally.
APPEALS TO:
1) President:
Général Idriss DEBY
Président de la République
Présidence de la République
N'DJAMENA, République du Tchad
Telegrams: President Déby, N'Djamena, Chad
Telexes: 5201 PRESIREP KD or 53O7 PRESIREP KD
Faxes: + 235 51 4501
Salutation: Monsieur le Président de la République/Dear President
2) Prime Minister:
Dr Fidel MOUNGAR
Premier Ministre
N'DJAMENA, République du Tchad
Telegrams: Premier Ministre Moungar, N'Djamena, Chad
Telexes: 5201 PRESIREP KD or 53O7 PRESIREP KD
Faxes: + 235 51 4501
Salutation: Monsieur le Premier Ministre/Dear Prime Minister
3) Minister of Justice:
Monsieur Delwa Kassire COUMAKOYE
Ministre de la Justice, Garde des Sceaux
Ministère de la Justice
N'DJAMENA, République du Tchad
Telegrams: Ministre Justice, N'Djamena, Chad
Telexes: c/o 5328 MINAFFET KD
Salutation: Monsieur le Ministre/Dear Minister
3
4) Minister of Interior:
Monsieur Ali DJALBORD
Ministre de l'Intérieur et de la Sécurité
Ministère de l'Intérieur
N'DJAMENA, République du Tchad
Telegrams: Ministre Intérieur, N'djamena, Chad
Telexes: c/o 5328 MINAFFET KD
Salutation: Monsieur le Ministre/Dear Minister
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
1) Transitional National Assembly president
Monsieur Mahamat Choua LOL
Président du Conseil supérieur de la Transition
Conseil Supérieur de la Transition
N'DJAMENA, République du Tchad
2) Newspaper:
Rédacteur-en-Chef
N'Djamena-Hebdo
11 Avenue Charles de Gaulle
BP 760, N'Djamena, République du Tchad
and to diplomatic representatives of Chad accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat,
or your section office, if sending appeals after 9 December 1993.

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