EXTERNAL (for general distribution) AI Index: AFR 20/30/93
UA 380/93 Extrajudicial execution/Fear of torture
Incommunicado detention 28 October 1993
CHAD: Abbass Koty, former minister
Bichara Digui, executive member of the Comité national de
redressement (CNR), National Committee of Redressment,
Ahmat Digui, brother of Bichara Digui
Adoum Badour, businessman
Mahamat Koussou, soldier
and at least 20 soldiers believed to be Abbass Koty supporters
Amnesty International is concerned that Abbass Koty, an opponent of President
Idriss Déby, appears to have been extrajudicially executed in the capital
N'Djamena on 22 October 1993 by members of the Garde républicaine, Republican
Guard. The exact circumstances of his killing remain unclear. The Chadian
government has claimed that he died as a result of gunshot injuries sustained
at the time of his arrest, although this claim has been disputed. The Minister
of the Interior had alleged Abbas Koty was in possession of a plan to stage
a coup attempt.
A number of suspected supporters of Abbass Koty have since been arrested in
the Chadian capital, N'Djamena. Amnesty International fears that they may
be tortured or ill-treated in custody, denied legal rights and held for a long
period without trial.
Four arrests were carried out on 22 October by members of the Republican Guard;
they include Bichara Digui, Ahmat Digui, Adoum Badour and Mahamat Koussou.
The Chadian authorities have issued a press statement claiming that their case
has been referred to the Judiciary, but Amnesty International has not been
able to confirm this and believes they are being held incommunicado. Their
place of detention is unknown.
Several members of the armed forces, many of whom are believed to be suspected
of supporting Abbass Koty, were apparently also arrested between 22 and 25
October. They are believed to be in incommunicado detention at the Gendarmerie
headquarters or at the Agence nationale de la sécurité, (ANS), National Security
Agency. It is not known whether they have been charged with any offence or
their cases referred to the judiciary.
Abbass Koty, former army chief of staff (chef d'Etat Major) and ex-minister
in the government of Idriss Déby, fled into exile in June 1992, following an
alleged coup attempt in which he was suspected of involvement. Since then,
he led the Comité national de redressement (CNR) as an armed opposition force
to fight against the Chadian army in western Chad. He returned to Chad after