In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International has made the following recommendations to Jamaica
Human rights violations by police
• To enact the Independent Commission of Investigations Act and to establish the Commission as a matter of priority, ensuring that adequate resources are allocated to enable this new body to effectively perform its investigative tasks;
• To develop and fund a training strategy to ensure that the investigators of the Independent Commission of Investigations have the necessary competence and skills;
• To ensure that the Independent Commission of Investigations has access to adequate and independent ballistic and forensic expertise;
• To establish without delays the office of the Special Coroner in charge of dealing with cases of fatal police shootings;
• To adopt and to implement without delay the Corruption Prevention Act establishing the office of the Special Prosecutor for Corruption;
• To fully and systematically implement the reform of the police and ensure that the police force is representative, responsive and accountable to all the community and ensures respect and protection of human rights;
• To ensure that all police officers and other members of the security forces are trained in and follow at all times the provisions of the UN Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials and the UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials;
• To ratify and implement the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.
Administration of justice
• To fully and systematically implement the reform of the justice system.
Violence against women and girls
• To widely disseminate the Sexual Offences Act in order to ensure awareness among the rights-holders and effective application of the law by all relevant authorities
• To consider amending the Sexual Offences Act in order to criminalise marital rape in all circumstances;
• To ensure satisfactory investigation and prosecution of cases of gender-based violence;
• To allocate more consistent resources to the Bureau of Women’s Affairs to carry out awareness raising, education and prevention programmes;
• To ensure the immediate establishment of more shelters for women victims of physical and sexual violence;
• To ensure that all relevant government departments collect and publish disaggregated data and statistics on violence against women and girls;
• To ratify and implement the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).
The death penalty
• To repeal all provisions allowing for the death penalty and to immediately declare a moratorium on all executions;
• To commute all death sentences to terms of imprisonment;
• Pending abolition of the death penalty, to ensure rigorous application of international standards for fair trial in all death penalty cases.
Human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons
• To repeal all provisions allowing for the criminalization of same sex relations;
• To fully and thoroughly investigate all incidents and acts of violence suspected of being motivated by homophobic reasons;
• To take effective measures to reduce the climate of homophobia in Jamaica and to put an end to mob violence against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons.
Children in custody
• To fully implement the recommendations of the Armadale Commission of Inquiry;
• To immediately move all children detained in lock-ups in police stations to appropriate places of safety and authorized juvenile detention facilities.
Social exclusion and lack of protection from violence in inner-city communities
• To adopt and implement a plan to combat the root causes of violence, in particular disparities and discrimination in the access to economic, social and cultural rights;
• To coordinate social interventions effectively in order to ensure that available resources are deployed in ways that maximize impact;
• To adopt and implement strategies to combat stigmatization and discrimination against inner-city communities, especially in public security policies, state institutions and policing.
Charter of Rights
• To ensure that the new Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms is the subject of wider and more effective consultation with civil society.