Rapport 2013
La situation des droits humains dans le monde

13 septembre 2013

Somalia: Forced evictions in Mogadishu put thousands of displaced at even greater risk

Somalia: Forced evictions in Mogadishu put thousands of displaced at even greater risk
Humanitarian conditions in IPD camps in Mogadishu are dire and security is lacking.

Humanitarian conditions in IPD camps in Mogadishu are dire and security is lacking.

© Amnesty International


See video
It is completely unacceptable for people who have fled to the capital for protection to be forcibly evicted. It has resulted in large scale human rights abuses. The government has a responsibility to protect this vulnerable sector of society and ensure their security.
Source: 
Gemma Davies, Amnesty International’s Somalia researcher.
It was early morning, around 8am, my children called me and told me our shelter had been destroyed, that they were outside. When I arrived, everything was destroyed. There were around four armed men still there, otherwise everything had been demolished. I sat on the ground - I didn’t know what to do. I have lost most things. I reconstructed a makeshift shelter, in the same area - I don’t know what to do. I have no place I can go.
Source: 
Fatima, 60, a woman who works in Bakara Market in central Mogadishu.

Thousands of people are being forcibly evicted from makeshift camps in Mogadishu as the government presses ahead with plans to clean up the capital, Amnesty said in a briefing released today. Forced evictions have continued and gathered pace in recent months despite the authorities’ failure to find an alternative safe location.

“It is completely unacceptable for people who have fled to the capital for protection to be forcibly evicted. It has resulted in large scale human rights abuses. The government has a responsibility to protect this vulnerable sector of society and ensure their security,” said Gemma Davies, Amnesty International’s Somalia researcher.

More than 300,000 live in settlements in Mogadishu where they are sheltering from cyclical drought, famine and a two-decades-long armed conflict which have already claimed hundreds of thousands of lives.

In January 2013 the Somali government announced a plan to relocate hundreds of thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) from Mogadishu to proposed camps outside the city to make way for reconstruction and development of the capital.

The government plan turned out to be inherently flawed in terms of process, timeline and choice of insecure areas for relocation.

“Despite security improvements, large areas of Mogadishu remain profoundly unsafe, particularly in areas where the government hasn’t managed to gain full control which include the places displaced people are expected to go.” said Gemma Davies.

Preparation work at the chosen relocation site, Daynille, north of the city is on hold because of security concerns, yet forced evictions have continued and gathered pace in recent months despite the failure to find an alternative safe location.

In recent weeks, Amnesty International researchers in Mogadishu spoke with dozens of internally displaced people who had been evicted from their camps in central Mogadishu without adequate notice and often by force.

Fatima is 60 years old and works in Bakara Market in central Mogadishu, she told Amnesty International:

‘It was early morning, around 8am, my children called me and told me our shelter had been destroyed, that they were outside. When I arrived, everything was destroyed. There were around four armed men still there, otherwise everything had been demolished. I sat on the ground - I didn’t know what to do. I have lost most things. I reconstructed a makeshift shelter, in the same area - I don’t know what to do. I have no place I can go.’

In Mogadishu Amnesty International delegates saw evidence that a large number of shelters had been destroyed, pieces of cloth and plastic sheeting which had been used to make shelters strewn across churned-up earth.

On 14 August 2013, an eight year old child and a mother of nine were killed when members of the armed forces opened fire in response to a protest by the residents facing eviction.

Amnesty International urges the Somali government to halt all evictions until necessary safeguards are in place in line with its obligations under international human rights law. When IDPs must be relocated, safe and adequate alternatives must be provided.

“For decades, Somalia’s people have been pushed from place to place by conflict, famine and drought,” said Gemma Davies.

“Now the country finally has a central government, it’s high time to focus on a durable solution for Somalia’s displaced that allows them to be part of the country’s reconstruction.”

Thème

Droits économiques, sociaux et culturels 
Forced Eviction 
Normes relatives aux droits humains 
Réfugiés, personnes déplacées et migrants 

Pays

Somalie 

Région ou pays

Afrique 

@amnestyonline sur Twitter

Nouvelles

09 octobre 2014

Le président tchadien Idriss Déby a été mis en garde au sujet du projet de loi homophobe actuellement examiné par le Parlement : son adoption constituerait une violation... Pour en savoir plus »

04 octobre 2014

Les États-Unis sont quasiment le seul pays du monde à incarcérer des milliers de prisonniers en isolement cellulaire pendant de longues périodes ou pour une durée indéterminée... Pour en savoir plus »

23 septembre 2014

Le commerce, la fabrication et l’exportation des instruments de torture par des entreprises chinoises, en plein essor, alimentent les violations des droits humains en Afrique... Pour en savoir plus »

20 octobre 2014

Des dizaines de familles se retrouveront à la rue si les autorités françaises procèdent à l’évacuation prévue cette semaine d’un campement rom installé dans une banlieue de... Pour en savoir plus »

03 septembre 2014

La décapitation du journaliste américain Steven Sotloff par des militants de l’État islamique est le dernier en date d’une série de crimes de guerre perpétrés par le groupe... Pour en savoir plus »