In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International makes the following recommendations to Tonga:
Abolish death penalty
• To ratify without reservations the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at abolition of the death penalty;
• Pending full abolition of the death penalty, to ensure rigorous compliance in all death penalty cases with international standards for fair trial.
Discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons
• To repeal all provisions that criminalize consensual same-sex conduct.
Ratification of international human rights treaties
• To ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and opt-in to the inquiry and inter-state mechanisms; the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights; and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, and to implement their respective obligations into national law.