In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International makes the following recommendations to Mali:
Torture and other ill-treatment:
• To give clear instructions to police, gendarmerie and armed forces to always observe international human rights standards, in particular, the right to life and the absolute ban on torture and other ill-treatment;
• To adopt and implement measures to prevent, prosecute and punish acts of torture and other ill-treatment, in line with international standards;
• To promptly, impartially and effectively investigate all complaints and reports of torture or other ill-treatment and to bring to justice those responsible.
Attacks on the civilian population:
• To cease all attacks in violation of international humanitarian and human rights law in the north of Mali, including deliberate attacks on civilians and indiscriminate aerial bombardments;
• To respect the fundamental principles of humanity as set out in common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions of 1949, including treating civilians and anyone taking no active part in the hostilities humanely and without discrimination and preventing any extrajudicial executions or acts of torture or ill-treatment.
• To undertake effective investigations into unlawful killings, notably in the context of the Tuareg conflict;
• To bring to justice those responsible for extrajudicial executions, notably members of the security and armed forces;
• To provide reparation to the relatives of victims of extrajudicial executions.
Arbitrary arrests and harassment:
• To stop harassment and arbitrary detention of those opposed to the military coup and to release immediately and unconditionally all persons detained for peacefully expressing their dissent;
• To charge individuals detained for recognized criminal offences or release them. All detainees must have access to a lawyer and doctor of their choice and must be able to contact their families. They must also be promptly brought before independent judicial authorities capable of judging the legality of their detention.
Unofficial places of detention:
• To end the use of detention facilities not identified as such and immediately transfer the prisoners held in these facilities to official detention centres, and to grant them the right to contact with their relatives and lawyers and to receive medical care as necessary.
Discrimination against women in law and practice:
• To amend the Family Code and bring it in conformity with international standards on women’s human rights.
Respect freedom of the press:
• To respect and protect freedom of expression and to end all practices that threaten the right to freedom of expression, including threats against journalists and media.
Abolish death penalty:
• To commute all death sentences and progressively reduce the number of offences which provide for the death penalty and to take subsequent measures towards its complete abolition;
• To ratify the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty.
Cooperate with human rights treaty bodies:
• To submit promptly all reports that are due to international treaty bodies, including the Human Rights Committee and the Committee against Torture.