Haitian migrants denied basic rights in Dominican Republic
21 mars 2007
"If you are black, with identity card or without it, with birth certificate or without, it is the same, it has no value…. In the streets, with migration officials, you don’t have any rights." - T. G., a Dominican of Haitian descent
An eight-year-old girl was seized by officials in the streets of the Dominican capital Santo Domingo in the evening of 4 January 2006. She was slapped across the face twice, hard enough to make her mouth bleed. Then she was taken to a detention centre for irregular migrants, without being allowed to contact her parents, and held overnight.
She was only saved from being expelled to neighbouring Haiti when a local human rights organization proved she was a Dominican national – because she was black, officials had assumed she was Haitian and in the country without legal permission.
As well as the risk of expulsion, Dominican children of Haitian descent face barriers when they try to obtain a birth certificate from the Civil Registrar Office. Without a birth certificate (the identification document for minors), they are unable to study beyond primary level.
They are also unable to claim an identity card when they become 18, barring them from the formal job market and from voting. Parents without documents cannot register their children, leaving many thousands effectively stateless, and perpetuating the cycle of deprivation of rights.
Amnesty International calls on the Dominican authorities to end arbitrary expulsions of Haitian migrants and discriminatory policies that prevent Dominicans of Haitian descent from obtaining Dominican nationality.
République dominicaine. Une vie en transit ? La situation tragique des migrants haïtiens et des Dominicains d'origine haïtienne
Date de publication : 21 mars 2007
Catégorie(s) : Amériques, République dominicaine