PAPUA NEW GUINEA
In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International has made the following recommendations to Papua New Guinea
Implementation of international human rights obligations
• To report on the implementation of its obligations on the ICESCR, ICCPR, ICERD, CEDAW and CRC to the relevant Treaty Bodies without delay;
• To design an effective framework to implement its national and international human rights obligations.
National Human Rights Institution
• To appoint a task force to oversee the prompt establishment of the National Human Rights Institution, ensuring that there is adequate representation by women and young people, people living with disabilities and other disadvantaged and vulnerable groups;
• To ensure that National Human Rights Institution has powers to investigate human rights violations in order to complement accountability mechanisms already in place such as the courts of justice, the Ombudsman’s Office and the Leadership Code Commission.
• To amend the Constitution to include “sex” and “gender” as prohibited grounds for discrimination;
• To modify or repeal existing laws and regulations that discriminate against women and girls;
• To adopt and implement a national gender policy and gender action plan to ensure equality between women and men in domestic law;
• To ensure that all public servants are aware of the gender policy and how to implement it in their work in an effective manner.
Eliminating gender-based violence
• To develop a legislative reform package to eliminate gender-based violence;
• To ensure that all complaints of violence, including sexual violence against detainees perpetrated or facilitated by police, are fully investigated and that suspected perpetrators are brought to justice, in line with concerns raised by the Special Rapporteur on torture following his mission to Papua New Guinea in 2010;
• To invite the UN Special Rapporteur on violence against women to visit PNG;
• To ensure that the national government and each provincial and local-level government has in place a plan for the prevention of violence against women and girls, based on a common framework to ensure coherence across provinces and compliance with Papua New Guinea’s due diligence obligations, and including awareness raising campaigns in the mass media and education programs, as recommended by the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women;
• To ensure that women and girls who are subject to gender-based violence have access to healthcare services, counselling, emergency accommodation and long-term and sustainable housing and livelihood solutions, and legal advice, including in cooperation with non-governmental organizations and international donors, as recommended by the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women;
• To ensure that healthcare professionals, welfare officers, counsellors and legal advisors are trained to respond to female survivors of gender-based violence in a manner which respects women’s human rights and prioritizes their safety and welfare.
• To vigorously pursue investigations of all sorcery-related killings to ensure that the perpetrators are brought to justice, in line with recommendations made by the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women;
• To develop and implement strategies, including for social change, to prevent further acts of sorcery-related killings;
• To implement awareness-raising programmes to educate communities about the causes of HIV/AIDS, and to challenge any link between women with HIV/AIDS and notions of sorcery.
Forced eviction in Porgera
• To carry out full investigations into the forced evictions and related police violence in the Special Mining Lease Area, as part of the “Operation Ipili”, to prosecute those responsible for human right violations, and to provide remedies to those affected, including adequate alternative accommodation and compensation, in full consultation with those affected;
• To ensure that the prohibition on forced evictions under international law and the human rights consequences of forced evictions are part of comprehensive human rights training for police, and to ensure the participation of senior members of the police force in such training;
• To immediately assess whether residents in the Special Mining Lease Area require relocation, and if so, to ensure that such relocation occurs promptly and in a manner that fully respects their human rights;
• To establish an effective complaints mechanism in Porgera to enable members of the public to make complaints, including against police officers, without fear of repercussions, and to conduct awareness campaigns to increase public understanding of procedures for reporting complaints;
• To ensure that police officers wear identification when carrying out police duties.
The death penalty
• To abolish the death penalty for all crimes;
• To ratify the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
Ratification of international human rights instruments
• To accede to and implement under national law the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court and the Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Criminal Court, and to sign, ratify and implement without delay the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, opting-in to its inquiry and inter-state procedures, the two Optional Protocols to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.